Ethiopia, part of the Horn of Africa, borders Eritrea,
Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, and Djibouti.
The terrain consists of high plateaus, mountains, and dry lowland plains.
The country has some of the world’s most rugged and beautiful scenery.
Changes in vegetation and terrain offer striking differences and are readily
apparent when traveling in any direction from the capital city,
Addis Ababa. Fertile farmland, high mountains with crater lakes, deep
canyons and abysses, low-lying savannas, and deserts are some of the many
aspects of Ethiopia’s topography. The climate varies from temperate in the
highlands to hot in the lowlands. Addis Ababa, or “new flower”, spreads over
a large hilly area in the mountains of the central highlands. Its
architecture is a combination of older, Italian-style buildings, modern
offices and apartments, Western-style villas, and mud-walled, tin-roofed