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Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia.
Area: Total--2,381,740 sq. km. Land--2,381,740 sq. km.; water--0 sq. km. More than three times the size of Texas.
Cities: Capital--Algiers; Oran, Constantine, Annaba.
Terrain: Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. Mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes, mud slides.
Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; a hot, dust/sand-laden wind called sirocco is especially common in summer.
Land use: Arable land--3%; permanent crops--0%, permanent pastures--13%; forests and woodland--2%.

Nationality: Noun--Algerian(s); adjective--Algerian.
Population (2006 est.): 32,854,000.
Annual growth rate (2006 est.): 1.22%. Birth rate (2006 est.)--17.14 births/1,000 population; death rate (2006 est.)--4.61 deaths/1,000 population.
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%.
Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), Berber (national language), French.
Education: Literacy (definition--age 15 and over can read and write)--total population (2004 est.), 70%; total; female 60% (2004 est.).
Health (2006 est.): Infant mortality rate--29.87 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth--total population, 73.26 years; male 71.68 years, female 74.92 years.
Work force (2005): 10.15 million. Agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.).
Unemployment rate (2005 est.): 24%; Algerian Government estimates 17.7%.

Type: Republic.
Independence: July 5, 1962 (from France).
Constitution: September 8, 1963; revised November 19, 1976, November 3, 1988, February 23, 1989, and November 28, 1996.
Branches: Legal system based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; Algeria has not accepted compulsory International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
Administrative divisions: 48 provinces (wilayates; singular, wilaya).
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal.
National holiday: Independence Day, July 5, 1962; Revolution Day, November 1, 1954.
Major parties represented in parliament: National Liberation Front (FLN), National Democratic Rally (RND), Movement for National Reform (MRN), Movement of Society for Peace (MSP), Workers' Party (PT), Algerian National Front (FNA), Islamic Renaissance Movement (MNI), Party of Algerian Renewal (PRA), Movement of National Understanding (MEN).

GDP (2005): $233.2 billion.
GDP growth (2005): 5.3%.
Per capita GDP (PPP, 2005): $7,189.
Agriculture: Products--wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.
Industry: Types--petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing, pharmaceuticals, cement, seawater desalination.
Sector Information as % GDP (2005): Agriculture 10%, services 29%, industry 61%.
Monetary unit: 1 dinar = 100 centimes.
Inflation, GDP deflator (2004): 10.2%.
Trade: Exports (2004)--$31.7 billion: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97.52%. Partners (2005 est.)--U.S. 23.5%, Italy 16.7%, France 11.4%, Spain 11.25%. Imports (f.o.b., 2004)--$18.2 billion: capital goods, food and beverages, consumer goods. Partners (2004)--France 22.6%, Italy 8.53%, Germany 6.9%, U.S. 6.15%, China 5.02%, Spain 4.85%, Japan 3.65%, Argentina 3.2%, Turkey 3.24%.
Budget (2005 est.): Revenues--$31.7 billion; expenditures--$24.62 billion, including capital expenditures of $7.8 billion.
Debt (external, 2005 est.): $21.4 billion.
U.S. economic assistance (2005 est.): $4.40 million (MEPI, IMET).
Fiscal year: Calendar year.

Adapted from material published in the CIA World Factbook.
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