Area: 377,864 sq. km. (145,902 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than
Cities: Capital--Tokyo. Other cities--Yokohama, Osaka,
Nagoya, Sapporo, Kobe, Kyoto, Fukuoka.
Terrain: Rugged, mountainous islands.
Climate: Varies from subtropical to temperate.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Japanese.
Population (2005 est.): 127.4 million.
Population growth rate (2005 est.): 0.05%.
Ethnic groups: Japanese; Korean (0.6%).
Religions: Shinto and Buddhist; Christian (about 0.7%).
Health (2003): Infant mortality rate--3.3/1,000. Life
expectancy--males 77 yrs., females 84 yrs.
Work force (67 million, 2003): services--42%; trade,
manufacturing, mining, and construction--46%; agriculture,
forestry, fisheries--5%; government--3%.
Type: Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government.
Constitution: May 3, 1947.
Branches: Executive--prime minister (head of government).
Legislative--bicameral Diet (House of Representatives and House
of Councillors). Judicial--civil law system based on the
model of Roman law.
Administrative subdivisions: 47 prefectures.
Political parties: Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Democratic Party
of Japan (DPJ), New Clean Government Party (Komeito), Conservative
New Party (CNP), Japan Communist Party (JCP), Social Democratic
Suffrage: Universal at 20.
GDP (2004 est.): $4.9 trillion ($3.57 trillion on a purchasing power
parity-PPP basis in 2003).
Real growth rate (2004 est.): 2.7%.
Per capita GDP (2004 est.): $38,201 (PPP: $29,400 in 2004).
Natural resources: Negligible mineral resources, fish.
Agriculture: Products--rice, vegetables, fruit, milk, meat,
Industry: Types--machinery and equipment, metals and metal
products, textiles, autos, chemicals, electrical and electronic