The Leading Global Portal for Diplomats!    
    Keep in touch with the community Succeed in your new posting Take care of personal affairs Chat with diplomats online      
Home > New Diplomat > Country Briefs

Area: About 212,460 sq. km. (about the size of Kansas). It is bordered on the north by the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), on the northwest by Saudi Arabia, and on the southwest by the Republic of Yemen. The Omani coastline stretches 2,092 km.
Cities: Capital--Muscat. Other cities--Salalah Nizwa, Sohar, Sur.
Terrain: Mountains, plains, and arid plateau.
Climate: Hot, humid along the coast; hot, dry in the interior; summer monsoon in far south.

Nationality: Noun--Oman. Adjective--Omani.
Population (2003 census figures.): 2.33 million.
Annual growth rate ( 2003 est.): 1.9%.
Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, East African (Zanzabari), South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi).
Religions: Ibadhi; Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Swahili, Hindi and Indian dialects.
Education: Literacy--approx. 80% (total population).
Health (2003): Infant mortality rate--20.26/1,000. Life expectancy--72.85.
Work force (920,000): Agriculture and fishing--50%.

Type: Monarchy.
Constitution: On November 6, 1996, Sultan Qaboos issued a royal decree promulgating the Basic Statute which clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral parliament, and guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens.
Branches: Executive--Sultan. Legislative--Majlis Oman (bicameral: State Council and Consultative Council). Judicial--Magistrate courts handle criminal cases; Shari'a (Islamic law) courts oversee family law.
Political parties: None.
Suffrage: Universal adult.
Administrative subdivisions: Eight administrative regions--Muscat Governorate, Al Batinah, Musandam Governorate, A'Dhahirah, A'Dakhliya, A'Shariqiya, Al Wusta, Dhofar Governorate. There are 59 districts (wilayats).

GDP (2004): $21.58 billion (8.3 billion Omani rials).
Per capita GDP: $ 9,261.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, copper, marble, limestone, gypsum, chromium.
Agriculture and fisheries: (2.1% of GDP).
Agriculture: Products--dates, limes, bananas, mangoes, alfalfa, other fruits and vegetables. Fisheries--Kingfish, tuna, other fish, shrimp, lobster, abalone.
Industry: Types--crude petroleum (not including gas liquids) about 800,000 barrels per day; construction, petroleum refinery, copper mines and smelter, cement and various light industries.
Trade (2002): Exports--$11.7 billion. Major markets--Japan (22.1%), China (15.2%), Thailand (12.6%), South Korea (19.9%), U.A.E. (9.4%). Imports--$5.7 billion: machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants. Major suppliers--U.A.E. 27.6%, Japan 16.7%, U.K. 7.4%, U.S. 6.9%, Germany 5%.

Adapted from material published in the CIA World Factbook.
Share |