Area: 92,391 sq. km., including the Azores and Madeira Islands;
slightly smaller than the State of Indiana.
Cities: Lisbon (capital, metropolitan area pop. 1.9 million), Oporto
(metro. area 1.7 million), Faro.
Terrain: Mountainous in the north; rolling plains in the central
Climate: Maritime temperate, average annual temperature is 16°C
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Portuguese (singular and
Population (2003): 10.4 million.
Population density: 113 per sq. km. (275 per sq. mi.).
Annual growth rate (2003): -1.3%.
Ethnic groups: Homogeneous Mediterranean stock with small black
African and Eastern European minorities.
Religion: Roman Catholic, 97%.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy (2003)--93%.
Health (2003 est.): Birth rate--11.45/1,000. Death rate--10.21/1,000.
Infant mortality rate--5/1,000. Life expectancy--76
Work force (5.1 million): Government and services--60%;
Constitution: Effective April 25, 1976; revised October 30, 1982,
June 1, 1989, November 5, 1992, and September 3, 1997.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), Council of
State (presidential advisory body), prime minister (head of
government), Council of Ministers. Legislative--unicameral
Assembly of the Republic (230 deputies). Judicial--Supreme
Court, district courts, appeals courts, Constitutional Tribunal.
Administrative subdivisions: 18 districts, 2 autonomous regions.
Major political parties: Social Democratic Party (PSD), Socialist
Party (PS), Popular Party (CDS/PP), Portuguese Communist Party
(PCP), Left Bloc (BE).
GDP (2003): $147.23 billion.
Annual growth rate: -1.3%.
Per capita GDP (2003): $14,090.
Avg. inflation rate (2003): 3.3%.
Natural resources: Fish, tungsten, iron, copper, tin, and uranium
ores. Agriculture: Products--forestry, fisheries, cork, wine.
Industry: Types--textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork,
paper, chemicals, manufacturing, food and beverages.
Services: Commerce, government, housing, banking and finance.
Trade (2003): Exports--$32.2 billion; clothing, footwear,
machinery, cork and paper products, petroleum, textiles. Imports--$46.3
billion: machinery, petroleum, textiles, agricultural products,
chemicals. Export partners--EU-15 (81.4%), United States
(5.8%), Lusophone Africa (3.2%). Import partners--EU-15
(76.6%), other European countries (6.3%), Africa (4.8%) United
States (1.9%), Japan (1.7%).
U.S. trade (2003): Exports--$902 million: textiles; valves,
tubes, transistors, semiconductors; cork; petroleum oils; footwear;
alcoholic beverages; pottery; office machine parts; men's apparel;
non-electric machinery parts. Imports--$1.856 billion:
valves, tubes, transistors, semiconductors; aircraft and associated
equipment; oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; animal feed; vehicle and
tractor parts; telecommunications equipment and parts; engines;
automatic data processing machines; coal; fish.