Colombia has one of the most successful economies in South
America, despite adverse conditions and a very unequal distribution
of wealth. A small number of Colombians hold most of the country's
wealth and political power, but the middle and working classes are
growing in Colombia's cities. Colombians are hardworking and peace
loving. Politeness, proper behavior, good manners and courtesy are
valued. Colombians are very proud of their democracy and
independence. They do not like or want outside interference and want
to address internal challenges on their own.
Meeting and Greeting
- Shake hands with everyone when entering or leaving a room.
- Smiling is very important.
- Never put your feet on furniture in a hotel, office or home.
- Yawning is impolite and viewed as a sign of hunger or
sleepiness. Always cover your mouth when yawning.
- It is considered demeaning to beckon someone with your index
finger. Instead, beckon with your palm down, waving your fingers
or your whole hand.
- Colombians are normally punctual in business, although they
may be up to a half-hour late. The best policy for foreign
businesspeople is to be punctual, but prepared to wait. Don't get
angry if a 12:00 p.m. appointment doesn't begin until 12:30 p.m.
Excuse yourself if you are late.
- “In an hour or two” may mean tomorrow or next week. “Tomorrow”
seldom means tomorrow and may mean next week. Don't get offended
if someone says they will phone you tomorrow and then calls a week
- Colombians want to know you personally before they do business
with you. You must develop a relationship with your counterparts
before they will consider you trustworthy.
- Always allow your Colombian counterparts to bring up the
subject of business. Be aware that this may take awhile. Meetings
may be slow, with quiet, deliberate discussions.
- Follow up a meeting by sending a letter summarizing the main
points and what was agreed upon.
- It may take several trips to complete a business transaction.
Colombians prefer to do business in person -- one can only get “so
far” by phone and fax.
- Maintain eye contact during conversations, or you may leave a
- Contracts may be long and detailed. Put the key aspects of
agreed-upon points in writing.
- Third-party contacts are vital to business success. You should
hire a local distributor, representative, salesperson and/or
Dining and Entertainment
- Time and punctuality are not stressed. Colombians will
typically arrive up to thirty minutes late for social engagements.
A 10:00 p.m. party will often begin a half-hour to one hour late.
- Working breakfasts are common, and business lunches and
dinners are popular. Plan on spending at least two or three hours
- Colombians pay a lot of attention to appearance and clothing.
Dress conservatively and be well groomed.
- Shoes are the first thing people notice. Colombians do not
wear tennis shoes unless they are playing tennis, jogging, etc.
- For business, men should wear dark suits, white shirts and
ties in the cities. In warmer areas, dress is less formal. Women
should wear dresses and suits. Wear comfortable cotton in warmer
- Gifts made in America are well-received.
- Give personal gifts, like clothing and perfume, only when you
know people well.
- Bring your hostess fruit, flowers or chocolates. Send flowers
ahead of time, if possible. Roses are a favorite.
- Give your colleagues fine scotch and wines, engraved pens,
calculators and gifts from your home region.
- Don't offer your opinions about local politics or religion.
- Be prudent when you talk about drugs. Colombia is working with
the United States' government in the war against drugs, but U.S.
foreign policy is not viewed positively by many Colombians.
- If you are invited to a bullfight, do not decline. Tickets for
good seats are very expensive.
- Do not be offended if you are called a “gringo.” Colombians
use this term to refer to people from the United States, and it is
not meant to be insulting.
- Colombians consider Panama to have been stolen from them by
norteamericanos eager to build the Panama Canal. Try to stay
away from this touchy subject.
Especially for Women
- A woman in the workforce is treated as any man,
notwithstanding special courtesy and manners.
- United States businesswomen are received well in Colombia and
will be treated in a businesslike manner, although perhaps with
some curiosity. North American women should not have trouble doing
business in Colombia.
- Men may flirt or make comments; simply ignore them. Women
should be careful not to do anything that might be considered
flirtatious, which may be misinterpreted.