|Preface Last Updated: 11/17/2003
From the northern deserts to the southern Andean cordillera and
from Iguazú Falls to the magnificent desolation of Patagonia,
Argentina’s natural wonders draw travelers from all over the world.
Any mention of Argentina brings forth visions of gauchos herding
cattle in the pampas and preparing tasty asados of local beef. As
well as natural beauty, there is the capital Buenos Aires, a
fabulous metropolis renowned for its sophistication. Although images
of the tango spring to mind when thinking about Buenos Aires, the
city has emulated European cultural trends in art, music and
architecture. In fact, the overwhelming feature of Argentina’s
largely immigrant population is the degree to which the cultural
traits of Europe have remained intact during their transposition to
the country. Because of this, Argentina is a country in which
Americans feel at ease.
The Host Country
Area, Geography, and Climate Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:05 PM
Argentina is South America’s second largest country, after
Brazil, in land area and population. It occupies most of the
continent’s southern region between the Andes Mountains and the
Atlantic Ocean. Argentina stretches from 22°S to 55°S latitude — a
distance of about 2,300 miles — and is shaped roughly like an
inverted triangle that tapers southward from a base about 1,000
miles wide. It borders on five South American countries: Chile to
the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay
to the northeast.
Argentina’s area of 1,072,067 square miles is about one-third
that of the U.S. In climate, size, and topography, Argentina can be
compared with the portion of the U.S. between the Mississippi River
and the Rocky Mountains, although the North American region has
colder winters. The humid lowlands of eastern Argentina, especially
along the rivers of the Rio de la Plata system, resemble the
Mississippi Valley. In northern Argentina, the savannas and swamps
of the Chaco region find a parallel in coastal Louisiana. Westward,
the humid pampa (plain) gives way to rangeland and finally to desert
that is broken only by irrigated oases, just as the Great Plains of
the U.S. become drier toward the west. The Andes present a far more
imposing barrier than the Rockies, but both mountain systems mark
the western end of the plains.
The variety of vegetation in Argentina is striking. The vast
Pampa region fanning out 500 miles from Buenos Aires stands in sharp
contrast to such areas of limited agricultural potential. The most
extensive level grassland in South America, the Pampa region covers
roughly one-quarter of the nation, and its abundance can be credited
for turning Argentina into a rising star country at the beginning of
the 20th century. Containing some of the richest topsoil in the
world, the Pampa is extensively cultivated in wheat and corn and
provides year-round pasturage for most of Argentina’s 50 million
head of cattle. Average annual rainfall ranges from 20 inches in the
west to 40 inches in the east.
The Andean region extends from the dry north to the heavily
glaciated and ice covered mountains of Patagonia. Its trajectory
includes the dry mountains and desert west of Cordoba and south of
Tucuman and embraces the irrigated valleys on the eastern slopes and
foothills of the Andes. Annual precipitation ranges from 4 to 24
inches in the arid regions and 20 to 120 inches in the heaviest
Patagonia is a region of arid, windswept plateaus, covering about
300,000 square miles. Except for some irrigated valleys, this is
poor, scattered pastureland. Far south, the weather is continuously
cold and stormy; the region has no summer, and winters can be
The alluvial plain of the Chaco in the north has a subtropical
climate with dry winters and humid summers. Rainfall decreases from
60 to 20 inches, and temperatures reach 120°F.
The Argentine Mesopotamia, which consists of the provinces
between the Uruguay and Parana Rivers, is made up of floodplains and
gently rolling grassy hills The greatest precipitation falls in the
extreme north of Misiones Province, where it amounts to about 80
The post city, Buenos Aires, located on the southern bank of the
Rio de la Plata, borders on the vast Pampa. The terrain within the
city varies from low flatland only inches above the high tide line
to slightly rolling countryside with a maximum elevation of 129
feet. The city’s climate is similar to that of Washington, D.C.,
except that winters are less severe and it never snows. Average
rainfall in Buenos Aires is 39 inches (Washington’s is 41.4 inches),
distributed evenly throughout the year. Humidity is high year round
(the yearly mean is 76%). High humidity makes winters seem colder
and summers hotter. Abrupt temperature changes are experienced
throughout the year, bringing relief from summer’s heat and winter’s
Population Last Updated: 11/14/2003 3:14 PM
Argentina’s population is about 38.7 million, of which 97% are
Caucasian, (mostly of European origin), with Italian and Spanish
strains predominating. The population also includes many Germans and
Central Europeans and about 500,000 people of Arab descent, most of
them Lebanese Christians. Practically no indigenous people or
mestizos reside in Buenos Aires; however, some 700,000 are
concentrated in the northern and western border provinces.
Most of the land is habitable, yet Argentina has been
under-populated since colonization. For more than 200 years starting
in the 15th century, the children of Indian mothers and Spanish
fathers populated the Pampas. These gauchos, or cowboys, were the
typical country dweller who herded cattle, was an expert in breaking
horses, and was said to be quick with his knife. Gauchos were the
rank and file of the revolutionary army that won independence from
Spain in the early 19th century.
During the 19th century, the population grew rapidly due to heavy
European immigration and high birth rates. From then on the Spanish
element lost its numerical dominance. Blacks, brought as slaves in
the 16th century, practically disappeared as a visible group,
indigenous peoples were reduced to a few thousand living on
reservations, and the mestizo population decreased. Most of the
present population traces its roots to waves of European immigration
concentrated from1880 to 1930, with an additional spurt after World
War II. The proportion of foreign born reached a peak of 30% in
1944. The overwhelming feature of Argentina’s largely immigrant
population is the degree to which the cultural traits of Europe have
remained intact during their transposition to the so-called New
Since 1910, the Argentine nation has been more urban than rural.
Constituting the majority of the urban populace, more than a third
of Argentines (about 13 million people) live in Greater Buenos
Aires. Despite suffering the cultural pains of development in the
early 20th century, industry developed and business flourished.
Urban society was much like that of European countries, with a
growing middle class of business and professional men and women. By
the end of World War II, many rural workers migrated to the cities
in search of a better life. The pace of this migration has since
increased and grown to include immigrants from neighboring
countries, such as Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru. At the same time,
industry and commerce have grown substantially, requiring more
Public Institutions Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:07 PM
Argentina is a republic of 23 provinces and a Federal capital
district (the city of Buenos Aires). The Argentine Constitution,
modeled on the U.S. Constitution, provides for an executive branch
with ministries, a bicameral legislature, and a Supreme Court.
Roman Law forms the basis of Argentine jurisprudence. Although
provincial and Federal courts, and ultimately Supreme Court judges,
traditionally administer justice behind closed doors, public, oral
trials for criminal cases are increasingly common.
In 1983, free elections were held after 7 years of military
government, and the country returned to constitutional rule. Full
liberties were restored following years of a state of siege and the
suspension of many civil and political rights originally aimed at
combating leftist inspired political violence. National, provincial,
and local elections have been held regularly since then. The
national Congress and provincial legislatures function normally
again, alongside elected governors, mayors, and other municipal
The Argentine military is under the civilian control of the
President, who is Commander-in-Chief, and the Ministry of Defense.
While there have been three minor military uprisings since 1983 (the
last in 1991), the armed forces as a whole have pledged to respect
democratic institutions and civilian government and are no longer
perceived as a threat to democracy. A wide variety of civil society
institutions have sprung up and begun to provide input to public
Argentina is a member of the United Nations (UN), the
Organization of American States (OAS), the World Health Organization
(WHO), the Inter-American Development Bank, the World Trade
Organization (WTO), The International Labor Organization, the World
Bank, the Red Cross, and many other international organizations.
Arts, Science, and Education Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:07 PM
Buenos Aires is the cultural capital of Latin America and is one
of the world’s largest book publishing centers. It has more than 60
theaters, where internationally known groups and artists perform
during the cultural season, which runs from April to October. Along
with these international attractions, local performers interpret
works ranging from classical to experimental avant-garde in this
lively city. The Colon Theater, one of the world’s most beautiful,
is the leading opera house in Latin America; it features famous
artists, both foreign and Argentine.
The National Library holds more than 1,700,000 volumes. Every day
public lecturers present talks in Buenos Aires on diverse cultural
and artistic subjects. More than 100 art galleries exhibit the works
of important foreign and local artists. Other cities, such as
Rosario, Cordoba, and Mendoza, also take great pride in their
extensive cultural life.
Argentina has over 75 officially accredited universities, with a
total of more than a million students. The largest, the University
of Buenos Aires, has 176,472 students.
The country has a high literacy rate, estimated at 97%. The
educational system provides free primary and secondary schooling.
Primary (or elementary) education is compulsory up to grade 9.
Private, foreign, and religious schools are permitted but must
conform to a nationally prescribed pattern of teaching in the
Commerce and Industry Last Updated: 11/14/2003 3:19 PM
The Argentine economy suffered four years of deep recession from
1999 to 2002. GDP declined an estimated 10.9 percent in 2002, due to
the collapse of convertibility (a flawed exchange regime) in late
2001, which triggered political instability, the freezing of bank
accounts, and debt. However, the economy has begun to recover and
current projections are that real GDP will grow 7% in 2003.
Sustaining this rate of growth will depend on the government’s
ability to adopt wound economic policies. The strength and speed of
the current recovery is also hampered by continued institutional
weakness and a struggling banking system.
Argentina remains open to foreign investment. However, the
investment climate has degraded substantially from the 1990s, when
the country’s flexible investment regime and liberalized economy
spurred significant foreign investment. The economic crisis that
began at the end of 2001 undermined the financial base for many
existing foreign investments. Continuing legal uncertainties
surrounding creditor, contract and property rights in Argentina, and
the changing regulatory environment, have diminished the country’s
attractiveness for foreign investors, although the recent recovery
provides opportunities in the tradeable goods sector.
MERCOSUR, the customs union that includes Argentina, Brazil,
Paraguay, and Uruguay, remains the cornerstone of Argentina’s
international trade policy. Close cooperation between Brazil and
Argentina — historic competitors — is the key to the integration
process of MERCOSUR, which includes political and military elements
in addition to a customs union. Chile and Bolivia have become
associate members. MERCOSUR members are active participants in the
negotiation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas. MERCOSUR also
continues to pursue an active program of trade negotiations with
other countries and regional groups including Mexico, Peru,
Venezuela and the European Union.
Argentina is traditionally a leading exporter of agricultural
products. Exports in 2002 were USD 25.3 billion, a decrease of 3.1
percent from 2001. This decline was primarily due to a 24 percent
decline in exports to MERCOSUR, a drop in commodity prices, and a
slower pace of grain and oilseed exports at the end of the year.
However, the adoptions of a free market exchange rate, and high
prices for key agricultural export commodities (particularly
soybeans) has resulted in record exports in 2003.
Automobiles Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:10 PM
Importing a Vehicle
Each American employee assigned to Argentina must obtain
permission from the Inter-Agency Personal Vehicle Committee prior to
shipping or purchasing any vehicle. This can be done through the
Management Counselor, by telegram, e-mail or shortly after arrival.
Permission must also be obtained prior to sale of a personally owned
vehicle. Argentine regulations strictly prohibit the shipment of
coupes (sedan, 2-door), convertibles and all type of sport vehicles
(Chevrolet Corvettes, Porches, Ferraris, etc.) for future resale in
Argentina. Such vehicles may be imported temporarily, repeat
temporarily, only, and must be exported when the owner transfers.
Vehicles must be for the personal use of the employee or family
members and not for resale for profit. Argentine Government and
Embassy regulations governing the import or local purchase of
personal vehicles, including the maximum initial purchase price, are
subject to periodic change. Newly assigned personnel will be
informed of the regulations then in force. At present the maximum
permitted initial purchase price for imported vehicles, including
air-conditioning and other options, is as follows:
1) Ambassador: No limit as to vehicle purchase price.
2) DCM and heads of agencies, including principal representatives
of each of the military services (Defense Attachés Office [DAO] and
Military Group [MILGP]): The Government of Argentina will allow
importation of personally owned vehicles up to a maximum purchase
price of $65,000.
3) Counselors of the Embassy and Consulate General with the rank
of counselor of Embassy: Up to $55,000.
4) First and second secretaries, consuls of equivalent rank, and
assistant military attaches: Up to $45,000.
5) Third secretaries and consuls of equivalent rank: Up to
6) Attaches, vice consuls, and administrative and technical
employees: Up to $30,000.
In addition to the above, accredited diplomatic personnel (but
not administrative or technical personnel) may temporarily import a
second automobile into Argentina. You must export a temporarily
imported vehicle upon transfer (Chiefs of Mission may import up to
two personally owned vehicles and sell them upon completion of their
tours). Approval must be obtained from the post Administrative
Counselor before importing a second vehicle, and the employee must
pay all costs related to the importation of such vehicles.
To start processing a vehicle’s free entry permit, it is
important to present the original bill of sale (if in the employee’s
possession) or a copy of the original bill. The Embassy registers
and licenses personal automobiles and assists in obtaining drivers
licenses. Diplomatic personnel, their adult dependents, and staff
personnel who hold valid U.S. or foreign permits are not required to
take a driving test to obtain an Argentine license. Processing takes
about 2 weeks. Therefore, if you anticipate driving a rental or
other vehicle on arrival, you should bring your U.S. or
international drivers license. You are allowed to drive for 30 days
in Argentina on another jurisdiction’s valid license. The Foreign
Office issues free license plates for all personally owned
automobiles if they are imported or locally purchased under
Normal automobile upkeep expenses are about the same as in the
U.S. Gas and oil cost more than in the U.S. There are two grades of
gasoline, normal and super. Diesel is available and is somewhat
cheaper than regular gasoline. YPF, the largest Argentine supplier
of motor fuels, now sells only unleaded gasoline. The Argentine
Government requires that all vehicles be covered by
third-party-liability insurance against bodily injury and property
damage. The policy must be purchased from an Argentine insurance
company. Evidence of this insurance must be presented when the
Embassy initiates free entry of the vehicle. In addition, you would
be wise to have theft or damage insurance. Comprehensive and
collision insurance costs about 20% of sale price. Most people
prefer U.S. insurance companies.
You may join the Argentine Automobile Club (ACA), which is
affiliated with the International Association of Automobile Clubs
and the federation of such clubs in Latin American countries. In
Buenos Aires, the club has 400,000 members and operates a number of
service stations and repair garages (several are located underground
and have parking facilities as well). The club also offers roadside
emergency service similar to that offered by the AAA. Club
headquarters is a 10-story building with facilities that include a
first-aid station and a restaurant. ACA also has stations in most
cities and towns throughout the country. ACA maintains camping
facilities in various parts of the country.
Purchasing a locally manufactured vehicle
Mission personnel who wish to purchase a locally manufactured
vehicle tax free (representing a 21% discount from the normal
selling price) must obtain permission to do so before signing a firm
contract. Such purchases must be made at least 12 months prior to
the employee’s anticipated final departure from post (except in
cases where the employee’s previous vehicle has been wrecked or has
become permanently inoperable during the employee’s tour).
Diplomatic personnel may purchase two cars tax free during their
tour of duty. Non-diplomatic personnel may purchase only one car tax
free during their tour of duty.
Requests for permits should be directed to the General Services
Office (GSO), Customs and Shipping Unit. After the Embassy
Import-Sale Committee approves the request, the request is then
forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade
and Worship of Argentina, for issuance of the permit. The permit is
valid for 90 days from the date of issuance, so the employee must
then take prompt action to purchase the vehicle. If a permit is not
used within 90 days, it expires and must be returned by GSO to the
One last word about locally manufactured cars. If you purchase a
local car from a non-diplomatic source, you could be held liable for
municipality taxes. Consult with the Management Counselor prior to
any automobile purchase.
Selling Your Vehicle
Under Argentine law an imported automobile may not be sold until
it has been in Argentina for 24 months following customs clearance.
Owners of automobiles sold between the 24th and 36th month must pay
a tax representing 60% of the exempted taxes. Between the 36th and
48th month, the tax is 40% of the vehicle’s cost. The customs
service will draw up the corresponding certification and determine
the fees due. After 48 months a vehicle may be sold free of such
tax. If an employee sells a locally manufactured automobile that was
purchased tax free, the employee is liable for at least a portion of
the automobile sales tax. For diplomatic personnel, if the vehicle
is sold within 6 months of the purchase date, the employee is liable
for 100% of the tax; if it is sold within 12 months of purchase, the
employee must pay 75% of the tax; and if sold within 24 months, 25%
of the tax. For diplomatic personnel only, the employee may sell a
locally manufactured vehicle tax free when transferring to another
post, regardless of when the car was purchased.
For nondiplomatic personnel, if a locally manufactured car is
sold within 9 months of purchase, the employee is liable for 100% of
the tax; if sold within 18 months, 75% of the tax; 27 months, 50%;
and 36 months, 25%. The employee is liable for taxes upon the sale
of the vehicle even when transferring to another post.
Notwithstanding the above, no tax is imposed on the sale of an
automobile by an owner under transfer orders out of Argentina if (1)
12 months have passed since the date on which the employee was
accredited in Argentina, and (2) no less than 9 months have elapsed
since the date the vehicle was cleared through customs. On
departure, automobiles that cannot be or have not been sold must be
shipped out of the country in the owner’s name.
Local Transportation Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:11 PM
Buenos Aires has an extensive transportation system. Five
separate privately owned subway lines serve many parts of the city.
There is a subway stop convenient to the Embassy.
The most extensive aboveground transportation is by “colectivos”
(privately owned buses holding about 40 passengers). Bright colors
indicate the line and route traveled. The average fare is about 70
centavos and there are no transfers.
Fares for Buenos Aires metered taxis are quite reasonable. Small
tips are appreciated, though not always expected. Taxi meters show
units based on distance and time. The “remise,” a kind of
taxi-limousine service, is telephone dispatched, but you can hail a
remise in front of major hotels. Charges are lower than U.S. cab
If you do not want to drive to and from the suburbs, you can
commute by train, although the closest train stop is about a half
mile from the Embassy. Three separate lines run from the Retiro
station in downtown Buenos Aires: the General Belgrano, General
Bartolome Mitre, and General San Martin Railroads. The Mitre line is
the one most commonly used by Mission personnel. It serves the
suburbs of Vicente Lopez, La Lucila, Olivos, Martinez, Acassuso, San
Isidro, etc., all the way north to Tigre. Rush hour trains usually
run 10 to 15 minutes apart. To travel from the downtown area to the
suburbs takes from 30–45 minutes.
Traffic moves on the right, as in the U.S. Buenos Aires has many
wide streets and highways but few modern superhighways. Driving in
Buenos Aires has been described as being at least as hectic as
driving in Rio, Tokyo, or Mexico City, as your first ride in a taxi
or colectivo will reveal.
Regional Transportation Last Updated: 11/17/2003 9:44 AM
Travel outside Buenos Aires is possible by train, air, bus, or
auto. Since the general points of interest in Argentina are so far
apart, a great deal of time is lost if you do not go by air. Some
overnight trains with sleeping cars and service (room and food) are
available. Two main airports are accessible to the city. One is
Aeroparque Jorge Newbery, near the downtown section and the Rio de
la Plata. This airport handles propeller aircraft and smaller jets.
All domestic flights, and several regional flights to Asuncion,
Montevideo, Santiago, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Santa Cruz, use
the Aeroparque. The International Airport of Ezeiza is about a
45-minute drive from the city center. It handles all large jets and
most international flights.
Telephones and Telecommunications Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:11
Telephone service in Argentina is privatized. Generally, homes in
Buenos Aires will be serviced by one of two companies — Telecom or
Teléfonica (varies by location of residence). Phone service in
Buenos Aires is generally very dependable. A telephone is essential.
The Embassy will lease only apartments or houses that already have a
telephone installed and functioning.
Employees are responsible for paying all phone bills for their
residence. For government-leased housing, the telephone remains
under the name of the landlord and a landlord will usually request
that all of a tenant’s paid telephone bills be turned over upon a
The government owns and runs a telegraph and telex system.
Telephones and Telecommunications
Wireless Service Last Updated: 11/17/2003 9:47 AM There are a
number of cellular phone companies operating in Buenos Aires.
Monthly rates for cellular phone service are reasonable. Each
employee is responsible for his/her personal cell phone(s).
Local cellular phone companies have adopted a policy that
requires cellular phones to be purchased by the customer—they
generally will not rent cellular phones for extended periods of
time. Cellular phones may be purchased locally. If bringing a
cellular phone from the U.S., it is the responsibility of the
employee to ensure that the cellular phone purchased is compatible
with local cellular service and that the proper customs declaration
has been made.
Although employees of the Mission may receive customs-exempt
shipments, local cellular phone companies cannot provide service to
an imported phone without the customs declaration. If a cellular
phone is included in HHE, then GSO/Shipping must be informed. If
carried with the employee to post, the cellular phone must be
declared at the airport.
Internet Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:11 PM
There are a wide range of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in
Buenos Aires. Services offered range from basic dial-up to broadband
such as cable modem, microwave and ADSL. Broadband services are not
available in all areas but basic dial-up service is available
throughout Buenos Aires. Note: local calls are charged by the pulse
rate. This adds to the cost of dial-up service, sometimes
significantly depending on use. Quality varies by vendor and many
companies (dial-up and broadband both) over-subscribe their
services, leading to reduced browsing speed.
The Mission provides a few common-access computers at the
Chancery that have internet access. These computers can be used by
incoming and outgoing employees and their families. They are
provided as a convenience for those periods just after arrival or
just before departure when a home computer would not be available.
However, Mission internet computers are not to be used as a
permanent alternative to home internet connections.
Mail and Pouch Last Updated: 7/30/2004 8:34 AM
APO Miami 34034 is used for both personal and official mail. APO
will not accept Priority or Space Available Mail (SAM) packages
exceeding 70 pounds in weight and 130 inches in length and girth
combined. Parcel Air Lift (PAL) mail may not exceed 30 pounds in
weight and 130 inches in length and girth combined. Address APO mail
and parcels as follows:
APO Address Full Name Unit Number APO AA 34034
Unit numbers are as follows: 4300 General Delivery 4301 AMB 4302
DCM 4303 LEGATT 4304 EAO 4305 POL 4306 ECON 4307 EST 4308 RSO 4309
DEA 4311 ADM 4312 GSO 4314 Health Unit 4317 FMC 4318 IMO 4322 MSG
4323 CONS 4324 APHIS 4325 FAS 4326 FCS 4329 USMILGRP 4330 PAS 4334
IPC-ITC 4336 FAA
Postal regulations prohibit mailing of household goods via the
APO in conjunction with a move. While it is acceptable to mail a few
boxes of personal effects, we ask that you do not inundate our small
APO office with multiple boxes prior to your arrival.
APO mail is dispatched by air 7 days a week from Miami to Buenos
Aires. Outgoing APO mail goes out 3 days a week by air from Buenos
Aires to Miami. Transit time for priority mail is about 3 to 7 days
from the date of postmark. SAM and PAL can take up to 3 or 4 weeks.
Packages to post may be mailed at any post office in the U.S.
Postage is at domestic rates from the point of origin to APO Miami,
as mail to APO posts is considered domestic mail. All domestic U.S.
postal regulations apply. Insurance and certified mail — but not
registered mail services — are available through the APO system.
Items may be insured for up to $5,000.
Customs declarations are required on packages sent via APO.
Articles prohibited by U.S. postal regulations may not be sent by
APO or pouch. In addition, liquids, perishables, explosives,
firearms, glass and other fragile articles, and cigarettes and other
tobacco products are prohibited.
All APO incoming and outgoing mail is dispatched by air. Letters
and parcels must bear appropriate U.S. postage at the applicable
rate from the sender to the recipient country.
Because APO mail service is available, receipt or shipment of
personal mail through the DoS pouch system is not authorized.
However, some internet and mail order companies will not ship to APO
addresses. In these limited cases, use of the pouch system is
authorized to receive mail items that cannot be received via APO.
Unauthorized use of DoS pouch for personal shipments will result
in a direct airfreight charge to the employee for each shipment.
Insurance, certification and registration services are not
available for non-official items sent to Foreign Service personnel
through DoS pouch. Mail for overseas personnel is considered
“delivered” by the postal authorities on arrival at the State
Department’s Washington mail facility. Therefore, postal registry,
certification and insurance liabilities cease at that point. Should
registered or insured mail be accepted and delivered to the State
Department by the postal service, it will be accepted and forwarded
to the addressee as ordinary mail. No liability can be assumed by
the Embassy or the State Department in such cases.
Pouch Address: Full Name Section/Agency/Office 3130 Buenos Aires
PL Washington, D.C. 20521–3130
Radio and TV Last Updated: 11/17/2003 9:55 AM
Buenos Aires has a wide range of radio programming on both AM and
FM, featuring talk, music, news, and sports (particularly soccer).
Radio Mitre, Radio De la Plata, Radio Continental, Radio America,
and the government-owned Radio Nacional are the most popular
stations in Buenos Aires.
Television viewers in Buenos Aires have the option of 65 channels
from one of the two cable TV systems or Direct TV satellite system.
Local programming competes with a wide range of foreign programs,
especially from the U.S. American channels, such as HBO, Fox, Warner
Brothers, Cinemax, Sony, ESPN, CNN, and TNT, are heavily represented
on both cable and satellite television. Certain U.S. channels are
broadcast with two audio tracks, Spanish and English, which can be
accessed using a stereo television, or only in English with Spanish
subtitles. Both cable and satellite TV are very reasonably priced,
around $USD 20–40, depending on how many premium channels you
The television system is PAL-N. Neither U.S. nor non-Argentine
multi-system models operate here, unless you subscribe to Direct TV
(satellite). Some families have found it much easier to simply
purchase a TV locally. Multi-system VCRs do operate here and need
not be converted.
Newspapers, Magazines, and Technical Journals Last Updated:
11/17/2003 3:13 PM
Buenos Aires is an important Spanish-language publishing capital.
There are 10 daily newspapers, varying in importance and size from
La Nación and Clarín to small-circulation money losers. The Buenos
Aires Herald is the only English-language daily.
A wide variety of magazines are available locally, from picture
and news magazines such as Noticias and Gente, to trade, technical,
and professional journals. Time, Newsweek, and many other American
magazines are available on local newsstands, but some are very
costly. Subscriptions to American magazines sent via APO can reduce
Bookstores are numerous in Buenos Aires, and books in major
languages from publishing centers around the world are available
here. Stores such as ABC and Rodriguez have large stocks of English
language books, but all imported hardbacks and paperbacks are
expensive. Many Mission members order books from U.S. clubs and
catalogs by APO. CLO maintains a small paperback book library for
the use of the community.
Health and Medicine
Medical Facilities Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:13 PM
The Embassy operates a small Health Unit staffed by a part-time
registered nurse and a regional medical officer and a regional
psychiatric officer. Services are available for U.S. Mission
employees and their eligible dependents.
A small amount of medications are available in the Health Unit
for acute illnesses. Individuals who have a chronic illness and
require daily or frequent medications should bring an adequate
supply. Over-the-counter medications are available in the
commissary. Occasionally supplies do run out, so employees are
encouraged to bring all their first-aid supplies. Hand-carry all
medications (birth control pills, blood pressure medicines, etc.),
as you will need them as soon as you arrive, and unaccompanied
baggage may well arrive after you.
Buenos Aires has many good hospitals, which in the private sector
are called either “clinicas” or “sanatorios.” The ones most
frequently used by Mission members are conveniently located in the
suburbs and around the Embassy neighborhood. The private Mater Dei
clinic and the Sanatorio de la Trinidad offer outpatient non-trauma
emergency care. U.S.-trained physicians practice in all specialties.
The Health Unit maintains a listing of English-speaking
professionals that is presented to personnel upon check-in at post.
Individuals contemplating elective surgery should complete it prior
to coming to post or during home leave. In the rare event that a
medevac is needed, patients are evacuated to the nearest adequate
medical facility in Miami.
Health and Medicine
Community Health Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:14 PM
Mission employees are generally healthy, with minor exceptions.
Sanitary conditions in public facilities such as restaurant kitchens
are usually good. Health and sanitary controls are enforced, and
immunizations for school children are checked by the Health
Hepatitis does occur, and all susceptible personnel should be
immunized with the newer hepatitis A vaccine. The hepatitis B Garner
state has been estimated at 1.1%. Vaccination against hepatitis B is
recommended for all long-term employees. Yellow fever is present in
the northeastern portion of Argentina, and vaccination may be
required when entering another country. Carrying your yellow
International Health Certificate with you when traveling is
advisable. Malaria does occur below 4,000 feet elevation in the
Jujuy and Salta Provinces and has on occasion been found in the
Missiones and Corrientes Provinces. Risk is higher in the summer
months (December through May).
Water supplies are considered to be potable in Buenos Aires;
higher risk of water-borne illness occurs countrywide outside of
The humid climate, vegetation, and diesel fuel can aggravate
sinus conditions. Colds, sore throats, and mild forms of flu are
Traffic is generally heavy, and the risk of accidents is high.
Seat belts and child restraint systems should always be used.
The following suggestions will assist you upon arrival at post:
Arrange a visit to the Health Unit for a detailed briefing and a
copy of the health manual.
Hand-carry all medications. Arrangements should be made with a
U.S. pharmacy prior to departure from the U.S. to have refills sent
to post via APO. The Health Unit has a list of Washington, D.C.,
pharmacies that will accept fax prescriptions.
Keep these immunizations current: diphtheria, tetanus, typhoid,
yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella.
Hand-carry your yellow International Health Certificate card. You
do need special malaria prevention for in-country travel.
Immunizations are given in the Health Unit on Tuesday mornings.
Flies and mosquitoes are common in summer. Most houses and
apartments are not equipped with screens; if you wish to install
them at your own expense, materials are available locally.
Employees not covered under the Department of State Medical
Program should have supplemental travelers insurance for emergency
medical evacuation flights to the U.S.
All employees should maintain their U.S. medical coverage.
Health and Medicine
Preventive Measures Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:06 AM
Arrange checkups for all adult members of your family upon
arrival at post.
Use car seat belts and child restraint systems.
Notify the Health Unit if a hospitalization may be needed.
The number of AIDS cases in Argentina continues to increase;
condoms are available in the commissary.
All blood donors in Argentina, including the members of the
walking blood bank, are tested for STDs, hepatitis B, Chagas’
disease, and HIV
The Embassy has a walking blood bank. All Mission employees are
asked to submit their blood type.
The water supply is not fluoridated. Supplements are available in
the Health Unit for children under 13 years of age.
Employment for Spouses and Dependents Last Updated: 11/17/2003
Eligible Family Members (EFM’s) and non-U.S. citizen family
members are eligible to apply for all vacant positions at the
Embassy. Some positions, however, are only available to EFMs,
including Community Liaison Officer (CLO), Consular Associate, IVA
Liaison Officer, Courier Escort, and secretarial positions.
Funding permitting, the Community Liaison Office coordinates the
Dependent Summer Hire Program twice a year. Minimum wage is paid.
This is usually done during the local winter and summer seasons in
order to give the opportunity to work not only to those teenagers
attending school in Argentina, but also to those coming from U.S.
during their vacation period.
Work permits are required for employment with Argentine or
international firms and institutions. A bilateral work agreement
enabling family members of American diplomats to seek employment in
their host country is in effect. The diplomatic dependents who
obtain a job under this agreement are subject to the civil and
administrative jurisdiction of the country and are liable for
payment of income and social security taxes on any remuneration
received as a result of such employment. However, due to very high
local unemployment it is difficult to find positions. Additionally,
dependents who are not bilingual have a hard time finding work
except in the English-teaching profession. Secretarial or teaching
positions are sometimes available at the Lincoln (American) School.
Further information can be obtained by writing directly to the
Superintendent, Asociacion Escuelas Lincoln, Andres Ferreyra 4073,
1636 La Lucila, Provincia de Buenos Aires; telephone
All dependents interested in employment at post either by the
Embassy or in the community should check with the Family Liaison
Office in Washington for the latest information or write to the CLO
American Embassy - Buenos Aires
Post City Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:10 AM
Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and its largest city.
Situated on the Rio de la Plata 100 miles from the Atlantic Ocean,
it is the country’s major port and the center of virtually all
activity. Greater Buenos Aires has about 13,000,000 people; it is
the world’s tenth largest metropolitan area.
The general atmosphere of Buenos Aires is cosmopolitan, and its
people are quite sophisticated. The change from leisurely
19th-century European living to present-day patterns is striking in
the residential areas of Barrio Norte, Palermo, and Belgrano. Here,
Paris-inspired mansions with wrought iron grillwork and carved doors
pass from private hands to become ambassadorial residences,
government agencies, or museums or make way for tall apartment
buildings boasting penthouses and swimming pools. In the high-rise
apartments and in the comfortable houses of the northern suburbs of
Olivos, Martinez, and San Isidro, it is possible to reproduce U.S.
patterns of living while enjoying much of the Argentine way of life.
The streets and avenues of Buenos Aires tell the story of the
city, from afternoon tea at a sidewalk restaurant on Avenida Callao
to late night on Avenida Corrientes, the Broadway of Buenos Aires.
There is, for instance, Avenida 9 de Julio, claimed to be the
world’s widest avenue, and Calle Florida, an exclusively pedestrian
mall where tourists shop year round. Avenida Santa Fe could be
called the Fifth Avenue of Buenos Aires, while on Avenida Alvear,
the small, elegant shops remind you of Paris and Vienna. The
Costanera, the wide riverside boulevard, boasts dozens of open-air
There is a modern system of transportation with bus, train, and
subway complexes contrasted with horse-drawn vehicles, whose drivers
offer carriage rides through Palermo Park. Shopping in Buenos Aires
runs the gamut from supermarkets and department stores to small
businesses, including open and covered marketplaces as well as
arcades lined with small boutiques and cafe bars.
Entertainment is plentiful and varied in Buenos Aires. The Colon
Theater, one of the world’s great opera houses, each year plays host
to ballet troupes, opera stars, and symphony orchestras from Europe
and the U.S. With over 60 legitimate theaters in the city, Buenos
Aires is popular with traveling theatrical groups as well as
outstanding local professional companies. Folkloric music can be
heard at various restaurants around the city. In small,
out-of-the-way places, couples still dance the tango to the music of
small combos, and the colorful waterfront area of La Boca offers
The city is very sports minded, too. Golf, tennis, riding,
fishing, horseracing, polo, soccer, rugby, and boating are all
popular sports. More than a dozen private golf courses and a
municipal course in Palermo Park are near the city center. In recent
years, bowling has become popular, with automatic alleys in both the
city and northern suburbs.
The Post and Its Administration Last Updated: 7/30/2004 10:21 AM
Besides the State Department, the U.S. Mission in Buenos Aires
includes the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), APHIS, the Foreign
Commercial Service (FCS), Army, Navy, and Air Force attaches (DAO),
MILGP and its sections; the Department of Justice’s Drug Enforcement
Agency (DEA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),
Department of the Treasury, and the Transportation Security
Administration (TSA). All agencies, with the exception of APHIS and
most of the MILGP, are located in the Embassy Chancery located in
the Palermo district at Colombia 4300. The central switchboard is
staffed from 8 am to 7 pm, Monday through Friday, and from 9 am to 6
pm on U.S. holidays. It is closed on Argentine holidays and can be
reached at 5777–4533 or 5777–4534. The Air Force Section is located
in Edificio Condor, Pedro Zanni 250, 9th floor, telephone 4317–6512
(direct line). The Naval Section is at Comodoro Py 2055, 4th floor
telephone 4317–2326. The Army Section is at the Headquarters of the
Argentine Army, Azopardo 250, 13th floor telephone 4346–8689.
Official office hours are from 8:45 a.m. to 5:45 p.m., Monday
through Friday, with 1 hour for lunch.
The Management Office and the Human Resources Office have a
complete file of Management Announcements and Administrative
Procedures pertaining to post administration. You are urged to read
these important messages as soon after your arrival as possible.
Housing Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:14 AM
The Ambassador requires all official Americans assigned to Buenos
Aires to utilize the services of the Mission Housing Office in
occupying suitable and appropriate living quarters at post. This
policy is in effect for the good of the Mission and to ensure fair
treatment of all concerned, especially concerning negotiations with
lessors, security considerations, and, in some cases, assignment of
quarters already under lease. Rental ceilings are based on the
current rental market as determined by the Inter-Agency Housing
Temporary Quarters Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:15 AM
The Embassy has two transient apartments, fully furnished and
equipped, available as temporary quarters on a first-come,
first-served basis for new arrivals who are not placed immediately
into permanently assigned quarters. Government-leased houses and
apartments may be used to lodge employees on a temporary basis when
such properties are available i.e., between permanently assigned
Several hotels feature attractive efficiency apartments with
fully furnished kitchens, including dishes, cutlery, and pots and
pans. Costs vary, but most are cheaper than mid-priced hotels. Most
have laundry facilities.
Permanent Housing Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:21 PM
Government-owned quarters are provided for the Ambassador, DCM,
and Defense attaché. Employees of the Department of State, DEA, FBI,
FAA, FCS, and FAS live in government-leased or government-owned
Buenos Aires is a large city, with housing comparable to that in
large European cities such as London. Houses in the suburbs are
large and usually have a pool and small garden. Apartments are
generally located in modern buildings that include amenities such as
a pool and underground parking. Some Argentine bedrooms tend to be
small and offer limited storage. This is particularly true in the
two- and three- bedroom apartments.
Military officers other than the Defense Attaché, noncommissioned
officers, and civilian employees of DAO occupy privately leased
quarters. The housing officer can provide you with information
regarding your space authorization, the local rental market,
negotiations with lessors, and the pros and cons of living in the
city or in the suburbs. Rental ceilings for privately leased
quarters must be the same as those set by the Housing Board even
though at times they may be lower than the individual’s personal
housing allowance. All quarters must conform to applicable space
authorizations and security considerations. If quarters exceed the
space authorizations, the occupant must obtain approval from the
Inter-Agency Housing Board.
Furnishings Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:18 AM
Complete sets of household furniture and major appliances are
provided for State Department occupants of government-owned and
-leased quarters, including at least two area rugs (9'x12' or
12'x15'). Department of State employees receive the following major
appliances, which operate on 220v, 50 cycles: washing machine,
dryer, refrigerator, and two or three air-conditioners depending on
family size, availability and electrical capacity. In some cases,
the State Department may supply a gas stove or freezer, depending on
the availability of equipment, occupant’s need, and space
limitations. Post also supplies microwave ovens, three transformers,
and vacuum cleaners (depending on stock availability). Dishwashers
are also provided if in stock, and if the kitchen is configured for
Employees of other agencies should clear all questions concerning
furnishings in Washington, D.C., before coming to post, as some
agencies also provide some furniture and/or some appliances. Where
furniture and/or appliances are provided, the authorized weight of
household effects (HHE) shipments is usually reduced. Note: Unlike
in the U.S., lessors frequently lease residential properties without
curtains and light fixtures. When the lessor does not furnish
curtains and light fixtures your agency will do so, if funds permit.
Utilities and Equipment Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:18 AM
The electrical current in Buenos Aires is 220v, 50 cycles.
Appliances brought from the U.S. that are designed to operate on
110v to 120v require a step-down transformer for operation. Even
with the use of a transformer, motorized 110v appliances need to be
adjusted to 50 cycles in order to work properly. The State
Department supplies its employees with up to three transformers per
Food Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:19 AM
Supermarkets in Buenos Aires are well stocked and carry some U.S.
brands, although the availability of imported products can be hit or
miss. Shopping for food in Buenos Aires is not vastly different than
in the U.S. Virtually all supermarkets and even smaller neighborhood
shops of any type will deliver to your home at no extra cost.
Items stocked in the Embassy commissary are U.S. products not
easily obtainable in Argentina: liquor, shortening, canned soups,
cake and pancake mixes, Jell-O, cereals, spices, American snack
foods, etc. The commissary is small, and prices are higher than in
the U.S. due to shipping costs.
Baby foods and formulas are readily available, but have high
sugar content. Therefore, it is recommended that you bring supplies
of baby food or order it from the U.S. Baby medicines, ointments,
and talcum powder should be brought from the U.S. It is best to
bring along all your baby needs.
Clothing Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:20 AM
Most clothing items are plentiful and fashionable, although for
women it is difficult to find larger sizes. When planning and
packing, remember that when it is summer in the U.S., it is winter
Men Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:20 AM
Men wear medium-weight woolen suits during the cool months
(mid-April to mid-November) and tropical worsted and wash-and-wear
suits during the warm months. Many wear vests or sweaters under suit
coats for extra warmth in July and August. The same type of wardrobe
worn in Washington, D.C., is needed here, except that heavy
overcoats are seldom needed.
Good woolen cloth is manufactured in Argentina, and tailors are
available. Nice, reasonably priced winter suits can be bought
locally, but few wash-and-wear suits are sold. Raincoats with
zip-out linings are useful. Good leather coats and jackets are made
here at reasonable prices.
Women Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:21 AM
Woolen suits, dresses, pants, blouses, and sweaters are basics
for Argentine winter wardrobes. Readymade woolen and knit clothing
can be found locally in sophisticated styles. Raincoats and coats
are necessary, although winter weather is less severe than in
Washington, D.C. Lightweight summer clothing is recommended for the
warm, humid months. Local cotton fabrics are available, but drip-dry
fabrics are seldom found. Tall and large sizes are virtually
nonexistent. Most personnel purchase clothing from U.S. catalogs or
while visiting the U.S.
Some opera evenings are very formal, but most performances can be
attended in afternoon attire. Shorts can be worn on the streets and
on golf courses but are more commonly used for the beach, tennis,
and casual outdoor parties.
Argentine shoes are of excellent quality leather, but the lasts
are different and sometimes uncomfortable for Americans. Broad feet
are more easily fitted than narrow, and large sizes (9 and up) are
very difficult to find. Gloves, belts, purses, and other leather
items can be purchased locally in a wide variety of styles, colors,
and prices. Hats, except for rain, are seldom worn in Buenos Aires.
Woolen sweaters of excellent quality are available at reasonable
prices. Bring or order pantyhose.
Children Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:22 AM
Beautiful knit clothes for babies are sold locally; however, most
children’s and babies’ clothing is of lower quality than in the U.S.
Shoes are of fairly good quality, although narrow and small shoes
are hard to find. Woolen sweaters and coats are generally of good
quality. Snowsuits are often used for infants as winters are damp
and cold. Winter pajamas with feet are popular with children, and
blanket-type sleeping bags are often used for babies. Warm socks,
sweaters, trousers, and coats are standard wear. Larger size
clothing for children is very difficult to find. Check the section
on Dependent Education for further details on school uniforms.
Supplies and Services
Supplies Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:23 AM
Common household supplies are available in Buenos Aires, either
on the local market or in the commissary, and nearby pharmacies
dispense first-aid supplies, pills, and other drugstore needs.
Special prescriptions should be brought in quantity. Many well-known
cosmetic firms have branches in Argentina, although their products
may be slightly different.
Bring dictionaries, encyclopedias, and reading materials for
schoolchildren. English language books are expensive in Buenos
Local elastic, thread (not always mercerized), snaps, zippers,
buttons, trims, collars, sequins, hooks, and pins are reasonably
priced. Local fabric is of good quality and also reasonably priced.
Polyester thread can be hard to find.
Bring a supply of greeting cards in English, wrapping paper, and
party supplies because selection can be limited in Buenos Aires.
Imported toys are expensive; many families bring small gifts for
birthday parties and favors. Sheets, towels and blankets are
available, but quality is hit or miss.
For more information on items to bring to post, request CLO
Pre-Arrival Welcome Information.
Supplies and Services
Basic Services Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:24 AM
Tailoring, dressmaking, and mending services for shoes are
available. The Embassy offers dry cleaning service at reasonable
prices. Beauty shops are plentiful, and the Embassy has a barbershop
downstairs. Radio and TV repairs are generally good if parts are
available. Quality auto repairs are available, but you may wish to
bring spare parts from the U.S. depending on your car make and
Supplies and Services
Domestic Help Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:21 PM
Domestic help is available at reasonable cost. Some families have
live-in maids; single employees usually employ part-time maids. In
accordance with Argentine law, full-time servants are given: 1) the
equivalent of one-half month bonus at the end of June and a second
one-half month bonus at the end of December (these bonuses are
calculated based on the highest compensation paid during the
preceding semester); 2) paid vacations, 3) 1 free day per week; 4)
one month paid sick leave per year. Employers should provide food,
lodging, and uniforms (optional) for live-in servants. Social
security payments are required for part-time and full-time Argentina
or third-country-residents domestic employees.
Religious Activities Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:27 AM
Argentina is predominantly Roman Catholic. However,
Spanish-speaking Protestant and Evangelical congregations also
abound. Argentina is home to the largest Jewish community in Latin
America. Other denominations include Latter-day Saints, Seventh-day
Adventist, Russian, Greek Orthodox, and Christian Scientist. English
services are conducted at some churches, including Our Lady of
Lourdes Catholic Church, the interdenominational United Community
Church and the non-denominational International Bible Church, all
three of which are located in the suburbs.
Dependent Education Last Updated: 7/30/2004 8:36 AM
Most children of embassy personnel in Argentina attend the
Asociación Escuelas Lincoln School, generally known as the Lincoln
School. It is a tuition-supported school that also receives periodic
grants from the U.S. Government. It is accredited by the Southern
Association of Colleges and Schools.
Lincoln maintains a preschool, a kindergarten, and grades 1 thru
12. It is located in the Buenos Aires suburb of La Lucila (a 25 to
40 minute drive from the Embassy) along the shores overlooking the
Rio de la Plata. Current enrollment is 530 students.
About 30% of the student body is American, but Lincoln also
includes Argentines and children from about 40 other countries.
Campus facilities include: playing fields and an all-weather track
alongside the river, a 25-meter swimming pool, and five major
buildings containing a gymnasium, a cafeteria, 7 science
laboratories, two libraries with upwards of 24,000 volumes and
CD-ROM towers, a 300-seat theatre, media centers, three computer
labs, three drop-in labs, a well-equipped and staffed health clinic,
and 61 classrooms.
School terms run from early August to late December and from
early February to mid June, when the summer holiday of about 7 weeks
starts. Lincoln’s academic year corresponds as closely as possible
to the school year in the U.S. School hours are from 8 am to 3:30
pm. The school has no boarding facilities.
Bus service and hot lunches are available to children attending
Lincoln. Bus service, tuition, and certain miscellaneous expenses
are borne by the U.S. Government; parents pay for lunches and school
By Argentine law, all students through grade 8 must study Spanish
language and Social Studies. Students admitted without knowledge of
Spanish are provided with special Spanish classes until they can
integrate into the regular Spanish program. All high school courses
are taught in English, except for foreign-language courses.
Lincoln maintains an Elementary Resource Room that is set up to
attend to the needs of students with minimal learning difficulties
on a part-time, pull-out basis, in grades 1 to 5. Due to the nature
of the school and curriculum, it is not possible to provide a
special program for every student, as is the norm in most U.S.
school districts. It is essential for parents of students with a
history of learning problems to contact the school well in advance
so that it can be determined if Lincoln is a suitable educational
environment and, if so, to obtain the necessary testing data.
There is a school uniform policy in effect for grades 1 through
5. Most of the items—shirts, blue sweaters, etc.—are not regulation
and may be bought anywhere.
Girls and Boys. Blouse or shirt: White, long or short-sleeved
with buttons and a collar or polo shirt, and school logo. Sweater:
Solid navy with long sleeves, V-neck, round neck, or cardigan
without trim. (Sweatshirts are not to be used in place of sweaters.)
Socks or tights: Solid blue or white. Shoes: Any comfortable,
healthy school shoes, including tennis shoes. P.E. uniform: Navy
blue sweatsuit; no stripe. Navy blue shorts. Yellow or white
T-shirt; no lettering.
Girls Only. Skirt, jumper, or slacks: Navy blue or jeans, or navy
blue Bermuda shorts. No bib overalls or leggings allowed.
Boys Only. Slacks or pants: Navy blue or jeans, or navy blue
Bermuda shorts. Cutoffs and bib overalls are not allowed.
Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten. There is no uniform
requirement for pre-kindergarten and kindergarten. The school
recommends comfortable shoes and clothes and either a smock or
daddy’s old shirt (these are kept in the classroom for painting or
other stainable activity). A P.E. uniform is not required.
Although most children attend Lincoln, parents also can choose
among a number of local private schools that are also bilingual,
both in the suburbs and the city. Some of the schools that Embassy
children currently attend are the Buenos Aires International
Christian Academy (BAICA), Northlands and Saint Andrew’s Scots
School, all of which offer programs from PreK through grade 12. All
except BAICA run on a different academic calendar with the school
year starting in February. This alternate calendar has proven
attractive to several families arriving in the middle of the year.
Northlands and Saint Andrew’s also offer strong Spanish programs.
Contact the CLO for more information on these schools.
Higher Education Opportunities Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:36 AM
Higher education opportunities abound in Buenos Aires. The
Lincoln University College, located on the campus of Lincoln School,
offers a complete four year undergraduate program called the
Baccalaureate in Liberal Arts/Licenciatura en Humanidades, which is
officially recognized in Argentina by the Ministry of Education. An
intermediate diploma (Diploma in Liberal Arts), equivalent to the
Associate of Arts in the United States, is granted after completion
of the first two years of the program. Courses in the program are
given in English, with the inclusion of some courses in Spanish
beginning in the third year. Instructors in the program include
native English speakers, and all instructors have either a master’s
degree or doctorate.
For Spanish speakers, programs at Argentine universities cover
the full spectrum of courses. Training programs, seminars and
certificate courses are also available to people wishing to learn to
teach English as a second language.
Recreation and Social Life
Sports Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:23 PM
Recreational opportunities abound in Argentina. There are
excellent private golf clubs and one public course, the Municipal
Course in Palermo Park. Good tennis clubs and facilities for
yachting, fishing, rowing, swimming, horseback riding, bowling,
skiing, and hunting are available. There are also tennis courts that
can be rented by the hour, with or without lessons. Jogging, biking,
and roller blading in the parks are popular exercises. Equipment for
most sports can be bought in Buenos Aires, but quality is inferior
to that of U.S. equipment and prices are higher. The Club de Amigos
offers facilities for soccer, swimming, tennis, tae kwon do,
athletics, gym, and yoga. During school vacations (Dec–Feb) there
are summer day-camp activities for children. Embassy employees and
dependents can get a complimentary membership card. Most clubs
specialize in only one or two activities, making the cost of
participating in a variety of interests, quite high. Although clubs
rarely waive or reduce the membership fee for diplomatic personnel,
registration without initiation fees is sometimes available. CLO can
provide information on special memberships, spas, and health clubs.
Ocean swimming is available in Uruguay or south of Buenos Aires
in Mar del Plata, Pinamar, Miramar, and other beach resorts. The
nearest ski areas are in Bariloche and Neuquen in the Argentine
Patagonia (2–3 hours by plane or 2 days by train or car) or in
Hunting licenses are easily obtained. Most hunting is done on
private lands and is by invitation or arrangement. However, hunting
can also be arranged with guides (CLO has contact information). U.S.
hunting equipment is highly prized here. Guns can only be imported
with a customs declaration and special permit. Satisfactory shotguns
and .22 caliber ammunition are available locally. High-quality
ammunition should be brought with you. If you wish to bring
firearms, request a copy of the Post Firearms Policy.
Fishing catches include “dorado,” large, gold-colored fish found
only in the rivers of Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. The
country abounds in trout and landlocked salmon, which grow to
fantastic sizes. Trout fishing with a fly rod is very popular. Bring
a fairly heavy casting rod to do double-duty casting and trolling.
Spinning reels are recommended.
The most popular spectator sport is football (soccer), played
year round at every level from sandlot to professional at many
stadiums in the city. Horseracing tracks are located in Palermo and
suburban San Isidro and nearby La Plata. Rugby, car racing, and
boxing and wrestling at the Luna Park Stadium are also popular.
Polo was first played in Argentina by a group of Britons on
August 30, 1875. They called it the game “of the mad Englishmen,”
but it was taken up with enthusiasm by the Argentines. Argentina is
known to have the best polo ponies, which are much-sought-after by
the rest of the polo playing world. Today’s polo ponies are fast,
strong, agile, docile, and intelligent, and often crossbred with
In Argentina the horse has always been associated with the
country dweller’s work and play. Pato (Argentine for “duck”) is a
game played on horseback and forms part of the native tradition. The
name of the game derives from the original ball—a live duck tied up
in a sack. The object is to throw the ball through a vertical ring
defended by the opposing team. The game requires both skill and
strength and puts the horses’ speed and endurance to the test. The
pato season in Buenos Aires runs from the end of April to November.
Recreation and Social Life
Touring and Outdoor Activities Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:44 AM
Argentina has numerous beautiful and interesting tourist areas,
although they are generally far from Buenos Aires. However, within
one or two hours of the city you will find many estancias, the term
used for a cattle ranch, which means much more today. The most
luxurious estancias are true country mansions. You can choose
between an overnight stay including meals, drinks, horses and
carriage rides or a day in the country during which you can eat,
participate in country activities and see a show. A typical estancia
will have horses at your disposal for leisurely rides in the country
and some may offer rides in antique carriages. There is no set menu
at an estancia and the type of food will vary from the most
typically homemade and vegetarian to empanadas, wine and finally the
Mar del Plata, about 250 miles southeast of Buenos Aires, is the
principal seaside resort in Argentina and is 30 minutes by plane or
4 hours by car. An important city and seaport, it has magnificent
residences, parks, wide beaches, hotels, restaurants, shops of all
kinds, and a huge, luxurious casino. A smaller casino is attached to
the famous Hotel Provincial, one of the city’s best. Mar del Plata
is one of Argentina’s most popular vacation spots, and the
atmosphere is similar to that of Atlantic City. Several smaller
seaside resorts near Mar del Plata include Pinamar, more expensive
and exclusive, with more private homes than hotels; and Miramar,
called the “City of Children,” which attracts many American
visitors. Attractive beaches in the Rio de la Plata area are found
at Punta del Este near Montevideo, a ferry trip from Buenos Aires or
35 minutes by air.
Also in Uruguay is the town of Colonia, founded in 1680 by the
Portuguese. Colonia was designated by UNESCO as part of the World
Heritage list. The fortunate preservation of most of the old town —
the Barrio Historico — gives Colonia a new appeal as a place to just
relax. It can be visited in a long day trip by the fast-boat
(Buqueavion) service of Buquebus, or more properly enjoyed by an
overnight at one of its nice small hotels.
In northeastern Argentina at the junction of the Argentine,
Paraguayan, and Brazilian borders lies the spectacular 237 foot-high
Iguazu Falls (Niagara is 167 feet high). It may be reached by a
2-day car ride or by plane. Excellent hotels are available on both
the Brazilian and Argentine sides of the falls. There are 14 large
falls, most of them of great height and beauty. The river areas
below the falls provide excellent fishing.
Bariloche, in the lake district of Nahuel Huapi in the Patagonian
Andes and about 950 miles southwest of Buenos Aires, is another
popular tourist resort. It is very pleasant in summer and an
excellent place to escape from the city heat. Winter skiing can be
done over well developed trails. Bariloche may be reached by plane,
train, or car. Often called the “Argentine Switzerland,” it boasts
beautiful scenery, with snowcapped mountains, noble forests, mirror
like lakes, and numerous trout streams.
For the traveler who is looking for something extra, it is
possible to visit the Antarctic, though it is a very expensive trip.
Other attractions within a few hours by air of Buenos Aires include
Ushuaia in Tierra del Fuego, the southernmost city in the world. The
city of Mendoza, at the foot of the Andes, is the center of the
wine-growing district. Puerto Madryn on the Valdes Peninsula is the
jumping off point for whale watching expeditions.
Camping is very popular, and campsites are numerous. Some have
water, electricity, bathrooms with hot water, and general stores,
while others are open land where you must set up a tent. Many
beautiful national parks have campsites next to lakes or high in the
mountains. Caution: Do not bring a tall tent. Argentine camping
requires mountain tents, even in the flatlands, due to occasional
high winds. For those who are interested in camping, it is advisable
to purchase equipment in the U.S.
Recreation and Social Life
Entertainment Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:47 AM
If you have a good knowledge of Spanish, the scope of
entertainment in Buenos Aires is unlimited. Local theater is active,
with good professional companies and amateur groups. Modern and
classic plays by Spanish and Argentine authors, as well as
translations of Broadway and European hits, are presented year
round. In summer, open-air performances are given in the Teatro
Caminito, located in a section of Buenos Aires called La Boca, one
of the older parts of the city with tenements gaily painted in
corals, greens, and blues. In this period (December to March),
several outdoor theaters present classical plays, while operas,
concerts, and ballets are held in the San Martin Theater and Palermo
Park and on the grounds of the National Library. Many of these
summer performances are free.
The Colon Theater, the huge opera house, is typical of Old World
magnificence. According to Arturo Toscanini, it has the best
acoustics in the world; it was inaugurated on May 25,1908. It covers
an area of 7,050 square meters, is 110.5 meters long and 60 meters
wide, and is 43 meters tall at its highest point.
The regular opera and symphonic season lasts from April to
November, with a full program each year of operas, concerts,
soloists, and ballets. As the season in Buenos Aires falls during
summer in the Northern Hemisphere, many of the great opera stars
from Europe and the U.S. have been able to appear at the Colon.
Argentina’s symphony orchestras give many performances throughout
the year. Ballets are also presented by local companies.
There are numerous movie theaters. Many films are imported from
the U.S. and Europe and represent a good cross section of the
world’s cinematography. Most foreign films, including American, are
subtitled and are heard in the original language. The notable
exception is children’s films, which are normally dubbed into
The city has several good museums and many art galleries. There
are many guided tours of the city with English speaking guides
available. Local newspapers publish schedules of cultural events in
the entertainment section.
Small nightclubs, called “boites,” are common in the city, and
larger places have open-air dancing in the suburbs along the river.
The music, orchestral and recorded, alternates between Latin and
North American dance beats. Argentine folk music, while little known
outside the country, is becoming increasingly popular with Americans
here. “Peñas folkloricas” (public folk music clubs) offer the whole
range of native music, from the lively “carnavalitos” of the far
northwest to the slower samba and the familiar tango of Buenos
Recreation and Social Life
Among Americans Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:24 PM The American
Club of Buenos Aires is principally a lunching club, open Monday
through Friday. The dining room accommodates members and guests for
lunch only. Private dining rooms for parties up to 120 people are
available on the eighth floor, and the ninth-floor dining room is
used for private functions of up to 500 people for cocktails or 350
for lunch or dinner. All U.S. citizen Embassy personnel are honorary
members of the American Club and will receive a membership card upon
request. Website: http://www.amclub.com.ar/.
All female citizens of Western Hemisphere nations may join the
American Women’s Club. The Club holds a charity benefit each year. A
female Ambassador or the wife of a male Ambassador is invited to
serve as honorary president. A female consul general or the wife of
a male consul general is an honorary member.
The American Society of the River Plate is the social and welfare
organization of the American community in Argentina. Citizens of the
U.S. and sons and daughters of U.S. citizens may join. The Society
has no club rooms but meets in the American Club. It promotes and
maintains friendly relations between the U.S. and Argentina,
encourages friendly relations between U.S. and Argentine citizens
and promotes their respective interests, assumes responsibility for
the celebration of days of national remembrance and Thanksgiving,
and gives aid to institutions and/or individuals in need of
assistance. The Ambassador is invited to serve as honorary president
of the American Society. The counselor of Embassy for Consular
Affairs is an honorary member and ex-officio member of the board of
directors. Website: www.asrp.org.ar.
The American Chamber of Commerce in Argentina represents over 600
U.S. business firms and Argentine companies with American business
interests. It publishes trade statistics, a weekly newsletter, a
monthly magazine, and an annual business directory. Much of this
information is also available on its website at www.amchamar.com.ar.
The Chamber holds periodic membership luncheons with guest speakers
from government (both Argentine and American) who are prominent in
international business. Various committees are active. For example,
the Foreign Trade Committee organizes seminars on the technicalities
of exporting, and an Education and Community Relations Committee
arranges, among other things, a lecture program designed to convince
students in Argentine universities of the advantages of the free
enterprise system. Also active are the Tax and Legal Committee,
Environmental Issues, and Human Resources involved in salary
studies, among other things, and other committees. Embassy staff
members can attend the Chamber’s membership luncheons and
appropriate committee meetings. The Ambassador is invited to serve
as honorary president of the Chamber. The DCM and the counselors of
Embassy for Commercial Affairs and for Economic Affairs are
regularly invited to attend the monthly AmCham Board of Governors
Recreation and Social Life
International Contacts Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:50 AM
Americans have many opportunities to meet and work with Argentines
and representatives of other nations. The U.S. is represented in
international associations of diplomatic officers.
The University Women’s Club meets monthly for luncheons featuring
guest speakers. The club offers orientation courses, tours, and
study groups. Programs are generally in English. Any woman,
regardless of nationality, who has attended an accredited university
or college for 2 years is eligible for membership.
The Downtown Newcomers Club and International Suburban Newcomers
Clubs offer social gatherings of English speaking people — mostly
women, but some men as well. Each group has subgroups for various
interests. These groups are a great way to meet people and begin the
networking process. Some people attend these groups for their entire
stay at post. CLO has an extensive list of other clubs and current
Nature of Functions Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:25 PM
Most official entertaining is done in the home with cocktail or
dinner parties. Business lunches are also popular.
Argentines generally give sit-down dinners, served late and
leisurely. The “asado” (barbecue) is a popular form of
Standards of Social Conduct Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:51 AM
Senior officers have numerous entertainment responsibilities and
are expected to entertain Argentines in their homes.
Diplomatic personnel need calling cards, which may be purchased
in the U.S. or Argentina. Good quality cards and informal notes can
be purchase locally and also from the GPC (Embassy commissary
Newcomers, civilian and military, should call on the Ambassador
and DCM in their offices soon after arrival. Newcomers will be
assisted and advised by their sponsors and staff in making these
Special Information Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:26 PM
By the terms of Law 12.665, the Argentine National Commission of
Museums, Monuments, and Historic Places is empowered to register,
control the transfer of, and expropriate private property that it
considers to be “of historic/artistic interest.” Objects of this
nature may not be removed from Argentina. When ownership of such
antiquities is transferred, the former owner is obliged to report
the transaction, together with the name and address of the new
owner, to the commission within 10 days. Failure to do so
automatically raises a presumption of concealment. Anyone guilty of
such concealment, or of illegally transferring or exporting such
articles, is subject to a fine. The law specifically includes
historical documents in the category of national treasures and lists
such things as old maps, autographed letters and memoranda, and
Mission employees contemplating purchasing or transferring
artistic or historical objects or documents should keep these
provisions of law in mind and ascertain the possible applicability
of Law 12.665 to their acquisitions.
Post Orientation Program
The CLO sends an Information Packet and Welcome Letter to all
newly assigned personnel. A sponsor program is in effect to assist
in orientation to Buenos Aires. Military personnel will be assigned
military sponsors as soon as their assignments are made known to the
DAO or MILGP.
A post orientation briefing, covering activities of the Mission
and living in Argentina, is given about one or two times a year. All
American personnel, spouses, and dependents over 16 years of age are
urged to attend.
The Regional Security Officer will give a security briefing to
each staff member soon after arrival. As incidents of street crime
(muggings, burglaries, thefts, etc.) have increased over the last
year, dependents (spouses and teenage children) are also offered a
security briefing as part of the post orientation program.
El Gaucho, the Embassy’s newsletter, is published weekly. It
contains official and unofficial announcements, information on
current events, medical tips, and classified ads.
The post-language program employs three Spanish teachers. Small
classes at various levels of proficiency are offered daily in the
Embassy for employees and adult dependents. There are also classes
for dependents that are taught both at the Embassy and in the
suburbs, funded by a grant from FSI. This training is free to
Department of State dependents. Dependents of other agencies must
obtain funding from their respective agencies or may pay privately
Notes For Travelers
Getting to the Post Last Updated: 11/17/2003 10:59 AM
American Airlines, United Airlines, and Delta have regular
flights between the U.S. and Argentina. The flights take about 8
hours from Miami. For the latest flight information and carrier
availability, consult with your Embassy Travel Section or with the
American Express office in the Department of State.
American Airlines and United Airlines have regular flights
between the U.S. and Argentina. The flights take about 8 hours from
Miami and about 10 hours from Washington, D.C. For the latest flight
information and carrier availability, consult with your Embassy
Travel Section or with the American Express office in the Department
of State. You will be met at the airport and taken to your new home
or temporary quarters.
The most rapid and direct transport from Ezeiza International
Airport is by remise (rental car with driver), which will charge a
flat rate from point to point (maximum three passengers per car).
Bus service is also available in front of the terminal and will
drive to major hotels and/or a bus terminal in central Buenos Aires
where taxis are available. Buses are convenient for one passenger.
For more than one passenger, the cost of the bus is almost the same
as the cost of a remise.
Customs, Duties, and Passage
Customs and Duties Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:27 PM
Diplomatic personnel may import, duty free, personal effects and
HHE in reasonable quantities for their own use at any time during
their assignment to Argentina. The Protocol Office of the Foreign
Ministry handles free-entry permits, which take at least 3 weeks to
process. (Commissioned and noncommissioned personnel of the US. Air
Force Section, the Army Section, and the Navy Advisory Section are
accorded the same import privileges as diplomatic officers by terms
of special agreement.)
Non-diplomatic personnel may import more than one personal HHE
shipment (which may not include alcoholic beverages or tobacco) free
of customs duties, provided the shipments arrive within 180 days
after the owner’s initial arrival in Argentina. Shipments should be
arranged far enough in advance to ensure arrival within the 180-day
All shipments may be subject to customs inspection. Personal
clothing and small appliances such as radios, cameras, and hair
dryers, totaling up to $500, may enter without free-entry permits.
After the original ocean bills of lading and/or airway bills have
been received, it will take at least 3 weeks to process the
free-entry permits. If both unaccompanied baggage and HHE shipments
include electrical appliances, cameras, typewriters, etc., they
should be listed on the request for free entry, stating the total
value. The Department of State defines baggage as clothing,
toiletries, and essential light housekeeping items. Baggage does not
include household items such as furniture, TV sets, or major
Dependents of both diplomatic and non-diplomatic employees who
arrive later should forward their shipments to the assigned
Personal property, imported on first arrival or later, should not
exceed reasonable anticipated needs and should be for personal use
only. The Embassy has no space available for personal storage.
Furthermore, Embassy regulations stipulate that an individual cannot
bring in liquor, cigarettes, and food items.
Argentine regulations require that requests for free import of
unaccompanied baggage, HHE, and automobiles contain all details
regarding the shipment, including the consignee, value, weight,
quantity, contents, and means and date of arrival.The Foreign Office
will not initiate clearance for the importation of HHE,
unaccompanied baggage, or automobiles before the owner has arrived.
However, information sent before your arrival enables the Embassy to
complete preliminary arrangements. Be aware that it will take longer
to clear unaccompanied air baggage that contains electronic
equipment through customs.
It is not necessary to box or crate your automobile, but
removable accessories should be packed together in a separate
container. No special restrictions exist on the size of cartons or
lift-vans that can be handled at Buenos Aires. After arrival in
port, shipments are adequately protected in customs warehouses
against weather damage. Pilferage at the Buenos Aires port is
infrequent. Local packers are competent.
Customs, Duties, and Passage
Passage Last Updated: 11/17/2003 11:03 AM
An Argentine visa is required for entry into Argentina whenever
the purpose of the trip is official. The Argentine Embassy in
Washington, D.C., as well as most other Argentine representations
all over the world will issue a visa for a period equivalent to the
validity of the diplomatic/official passport.
Employees should bring at least 12 color photos (adult
dependents, eight), 1½ x 1½. The Foreign Office requires full-face
photos, with the size of the face not to exceed 1¼ x 1¼. If you wear
glasses, you should bring some photos of yourself without the
Customs, Duties, and Passage
Pets Last Updated: 11/17/2003 11:04 AM
Be aware of some airlines’ restrictions on transportation of
pets, especially during the summer transfer season. For the
importation of pets into Argentina, you will need veterinary
certificates of good health and rabies vaccination. The signature
and license of your veterinarian must be authenticated by a Federal
veterinary officer in the country in which you are living. (In
Washington, D.C., the nearest Federal veterinary officer is at the
U.S. Department of Agriculture Office in Annapolis, Maryland.) In
addition, an Argentine consul must validate the certificates. It is
best to begin early making arrangements for your pet’s travel.
If such certificates are not presented at the Argentine port of
entry and/or if the animal shows symptoms of sickness, it will be
quarantined for 40 days at the owner’s expense.
There are boarding facilities for pets in Buenos Aires. You
should investigate them carefully in advance for cleanliness and
quality of service. Some residential hotels will accept pets. The
presence of pets in U.S. Government-owned or -leased quarters is a
privilege, not a right, and owners are held responsible for any
damage caused by their pets.
Newcomers should contact GSO well in advance if they are shipping
a pet to post.
Firearms and Ammunition Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:27 PM
U.S. Government personnel may bring up to three non-automatic
weapons (pistols, rifles, or shotguns) for sporting purposes and
1,000 rounds of ammunition. Firearms over .22 caliber and shotguns
more powerful than 16 gauge must be registered with the National
Arms Registry (RENAR). Upon receipt of identifying data, GSO will
arrange this for you.
Three firearms and ammunition may be shipped to post without a
U.S. firearm export license, provided they are consigned to U.S.
personnel for their personal use and not for resale. Prior approval
of the Chief of Mission is not necessary. However, Argentine
Government regulations require a free-entry permit signed by the
Chief of Mission for import and registration.
At least 30 days prior to pack out from sending post, the
employee should cable the administrative officer requesting
permission for the importation of a firearm. The cable must include
the following: full name, official status, make and model, caliber,
serial number, and reason for request.
Requests for additional weapons must be made through the Regional
Security Office to the Chief of Mission before such weapons can be
shipped; include identifying data for the firearms and state their
intended purpose. When shipping additional firearms and ammunition
from the U.S., you must forward copies of your exchange of
correspondence with the Chief of Mission, along with a completed
form DSP-5 (export application), to the Office of Munitions Control
(PM/IVIC), Department of State, Washington, D.C. 20520. The
application should include all firearms and ammunition to be shipped
to post. The export license issued by PM/MC must be given at time of
shipment to the U.S. Dispatch agent, who in turn will surrender it
and other shipping documents to U.S. customs.
Between foreign countries, when permission is received from the
Chief of Mission to ship firearms and ammunition in excess of those
prescribed, no U.S. export license is required from PM/MC. In any
case, no Department of State license need to be issued for shipments
of only shotguns (with barrels 18 inches and over in length) and
shotgun ammunition within the limits set out in the first paragraph.
Employees must comply with the Chief of Mission’s determination and
with the export regulations of the Office of Export Control, U.S.
Department of Commerce. Please contact PM/MC for additional
information about export of firearms from the U.S.
Currency, Banking, and Weights and Measures Last Updated:
11/17/2003 11:06 AM
Argentina currency is the peso. The currency is issued in both
bills and coins, with the bills in the same denominations as U.S.
currency. The value of coins are 1, 5,10, 25, and 50 centavos and 1
peso, although 1 cent coins are rarely used. The floating exchange
rate is now approximately 1 peso to $2.75.
Argentina uses the metric system of weights and measures.
Taxes, Exchange, and Sale of Property Last Updated: 11/17/2003
The Embassy exercises strict control over the import and sale of
personal property. After 6 months at post, advance approval must be
obtained through the Import-Export Committee to import an item by
any means, including pouch, if the value of the item exceeds $400.
Under applicable Argentine law, personal effects of diplomatic
and non-diplomatic personnel cannot be sold until the goods have
been in the country 24 months or unless appropriate Argentine taxes
are paid. Approval must also be obtained from the Personal Property
Disposition Committee to sell any item of personal property valued
at over $200, or any combination of personal property with a total
value of more than $1,000. Such items cannot be replaced by
free-entry permits. Sale items should first be offered to other U.S.
Government personnel at prices based on U.S. values.
All Mission personnel are required to pay Argentine taxes imposed
on automobile insurance policies, telephone and utility bills (for
those with private leases), gasoline, and other miscellaneous items.
They are not subject to Argentine income tax. Accredited personnel
can complete paperwork to obtain a reimbursement of the value-added
tax on selected items every 4 months.
U.S. Government employees and their dependents may purchase
Argentine currency or obtain dollars from a bank located at the
Embassy that charges a small commission on dollar transactions. U.S.
currency is usually available in limited quantities for official
purposes, to the extent that Embassy currency holdings permit. It is
also possible to use your ATM cards throughout Buenos Aires.
Bring an adequate supply of personal checks and maintain an
American checking account. A U.S. checking account is necessary for
commissary deposits, accommodation exchange transactions, and mail
Local banking and exchange facilities are extensive, with many
foreign commercial banks having local branches. The rate of exchange
may be different from that available at the Embassy. Travelers
checks are not widely accepted and, when accepted, usually receive a
less favorable exchange rate or are assessed a surcharge.
Recommended Reading Last Updated: 11/17/2003 3:32 PM
These titles are provided as a general indication of the material
published in this country. The Department of State does not endorse
Websites http://www.buenosairesherald.com/ This is the web page
of the very popular English language newspaper, the Buenos Aires
http://www.buenosaires.gov.ar/ This is the website for the
Secretaria de Cultura de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. It lists
upcoming guided walking tours, museum information and other very
helpful info. Parts of the site are in English as well as Spanish.
http://www.turismo.gov.ar/ This is the website for the Secretaria
de Turismo Deporte. It is written in English and Spanish and has
loads of information about the whole country as well as Buenos
http://www.buenosaires.com/ This site has English option. You can
get general information about time differences maps, pictures,
questions about Buenos Aires. Guides to Restaurants, bars and pubs,
Bingo and casinos, discotheques, art galleries, places to visit,
tango houses, hotels, Emergency phones, airports, embassies,
schools, hospitals, museums, transportation.
http://www.buenos.com/ Anything you want about Argentina in
English. Weather, population, government, economy, transportation,
etc. You can find info about travel, restaurants, clubs and bars,
entertainment, argentine news, world news.
http://www.argentinasbest.com/ You can find lots of information
about Argentina from this site in English. Parks, clubs and
countries, all activities, eating and drinking, entertainment, info
urban, embassies and consulates, tourism, fishing, skiing, hotels in
Buenos Aires, Argentine ranches, food, homes, travel tour and
http://www.inpatagonia.com/ Most of us want to go there. Land of
mysteries and adventure. In this site you can find a lot of
information about regions of Argentina especially Patagonia. All in
http://www.bariloche.com.ar/ All about Bariloche (Patagonia).
General American University. Area Handbook for Argentina. U.S.
Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., 1969.
King, J. Anthony. Twenty-four Years in the Argentine Republic.
History Andersen, Martin. Dossier Secreto: Argentina’s
Desaparecidos and the Myth of the “Dirty War.” Westview Press, 1993.
Cavarozzi, Marcelo. Argentina.Westview Press, 1966.
Ivereigh, Austen. Catholicism and Politics in Argentina,
1810–1960. Saint Martin’s Press, 1995.
Moyano, Maria J. Argentina’s Lost Patrol: Armed Struggle,
1969–1979.Yale University Press, 1995.
Szuchman, Mark D. and Brown, Jonathan C. Revolution and
Restoration: The Rearrangement of Power in Argentina, 1776–1860.
University of Nebraska Press, 1994.
Politics and Government Brysk, Alison. The Politics of Human
Rights in Argentina: Protest, Change, and Democratization. Stanford
University Press, 1994.
Gibson, Edward L. Class and Conservative Parties: Argentina in
Comparative Perspective. Johns Napkins University Press, 1996.
Gough, Barry. The Falkland Islands Malvinas: The Contest for
Empire in the South Atlantic. Humanities Press International, 1992.
Norden, Deborah L. Military Rebellion in Argentina: Between Coups
and Consolidation. University of Nebraska Press, 1996.
Rock, David. Authoritarian Argentina: The Nationalistic Movement,
Its History and Its Impact. University of California Press.
Snow, Peter G. Political Forces in Argentina. Praeger. Westport,
Tulchin, Joseph S. Argentina and theUnited States: A Conflicted
Relationship. Macmillan, 1990.
Economics and Sociology De La Blaze, Felipe. The Political
Economy of Argentina, 1946–83. Edited by Guida Di Tella and Rudiger
Dornbush. University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988.
Argentina: From Insolvency to Growth. World Bank, 1993.
Remaking the Argentine Economy. Council of Foreign Relations,
Nolan, James L. et al. Argentina Business. World Trade Press: San
Rafael, CA, 1996.
Argentine Classics (in English or English Translations)
Guiraides, Ricardo. Don Segundo Sombra.
Hernandez, Jose. The Gaucho, Martin Fierro. Translation by Waiter
Owen of El Gaucho Martin Fierro and La Vuelta de Martin Fierro.
Hudson, William Henry. Far Away and Long Ago.
—The Purple Land.
—Tales of the Pampas.
Martinez, Tomas Eloy. Peron—The Novel.
Rojas, Ricardo. San Martin: Knight of the Andes. Cooper Square,
Sarmiento, Domingo R. Life in the Argentine Republic in the Days
of the Tyrants: Civilization and Barbarism. Translation by Mrs.
Horace Mann. Gordon Press Publishers, 1976.
Soriano, Osvaldo. A Funny Little, Dirty Little War. (Spanish
title: No Habra mas Penas ni Olvidos.)
Wynia, Gary. Argentina: Illusions andRealities. 2nd ed. Holmes &
Meier Publishers, 1992.
Works in Spanish Borges, Jorge Luis and Jose E. Clemente. El
Lenguaje de Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires, 1965.
Di Tella, Guido. De Peron a Peron Argentina 1973–76.
Di Telia, IS., Gino Germani, and Jose Graciarena. Argentina,
Sociedad de Masas. Buenos Aires, 1962.
Escardo, Fiorerncio. Geografia de Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires,
Guissani, Pablo. Montoneros-La Soberbia Armada.
Imaz, Jose Luis de. Los que Mandan. Buenos Aires, 1964.
Magnet, Alejandro. Nuestros Vecinos Argentinos. Santiago, 1956.
Martinez Estrada, Ezequiel. Radiografia de la Pampa. Buenos
Travel Ball, Deidre. Insight Guide to Argentina. 3rd ed. Houghton
Benmayor, Lily. This is Buenos Aires. Ediciones Arte y Turismo:
Buenos Aires, 1989.
Chatwin, Bruce. In Patagonia.
Darwin, Charles. The Voyage of the Beagle.
Greenburg, Arnold. Buenos Aires. Alive and the Best of Argentina.
Hunter Publishing, 1995.
Quesada, Maria S. Estancias: Las Grandes Haciendas de Argentina.
Abbeville Press, 1992.
Theroux, Paul. The Old Patagonian Express.
Local Holidays Last Updated: 11/17/2003 11:17 AM
New Year’s Day January 1 Malvinas April 2 Veterans Day April 2
Memorial Day April 2 Good Friday late March or April Labor Day May 1
Revolution Day May 25 Flag Day 3rd Monday in June Independence Day
July 9 Death of San Martin Day 3rd Monday in August Columbus Day
Moves to previous Monday if October 12 falls Tuesday or Wednesday or
to following Monday if it falls Thursday or Friday
Immaculate Conception Day December 8 Christmas December 25