Preface Last Updated: 2/18/2004 5:48 PM
Honduras, the second largest and one of the least developed of
the Central American countries, continues to be a hospitable place
for Americans (over 11,000 reside there permanently). Despite its
turbulent political history, Honduras has enjoyed over 20 years of
democratic stability. Relations between the U.S. and Honduras have
been friendly, the result of significant historical ties (going back
over a century and the establishment of large banana plantations),
cultural affinity, and extensive business and family ties with the
U.S. (an estimated 800,000 Hondurans live in the United States).
Thanks to the U.S. and other international support, the country
has made significant progress in its recovery from the 1998
devastation caused by Hurricane Mitch, one of the strongest storms
of the 20th century. American employees and their families find that
Honduras presents many challenges, including a high crime threat,
difficult traffic and road conditions, moderate health risks and
limited recreational opportunities. On the other hand, the
friendliness of its people, the natural beauty of the country, easy
access to the U.S., and the overall positive working environment set
the stage for a rewarding tour.
The Host Country
Area, Geography, and Climate Last Updated: 2/18/2004 5:58 PM
The Republic of Honduras is situated in the middle of six
republics comprising, along with Belize, the Central American
Isthmus between Mexico and Panama. Roughly triangular in shape,
Honduras is the bend in Central America and has a 459-mile Caribbean
coastline to the north and narrows in the south to 89 miles at the
Gulf of Fonseca on the Pacific Ocean. It is bounded on the west by
Guatemala, the southwest by El Salvador, and the east and southeast
Honduras also has insular possessions, including the picturesque
Bay Islands, formed by the summit of a submerged mountain range in
the Caribbean. Farther northeast lie Swan Islands, previously used
by the U.S. as a weather research station and now recognized as
Honduras has an estimated land area of 43,277 square miles,
slightly larger than Tennessee. Second largest of the six Central
American republics, it ranks 14th in size among all Latin American
nations. However, population distribution is unequal. The
northeastern part is thinly inhabited. It comprises 45% of the
entire national territory and only contains 9% of the population.
Honduran topography is exceptionally rugged. The Central American
Cordillera (mountain range) crosses Honduras from east to west,
making it the most mountainous of the six republics. Three-quarters
of the country is composed of rugged hills and mountains, ranging
from about 900 feet to nearly 9,350 and averaging about 4,000 feet
in height. Tegucigalpa is at 3,200 feet above sea level. Government
estimates list 64% of the land surface as mountainous and 36% as
plains and valleys. The highest mountain peaks are in the southwest.
Lowlands make up the northern and eastern coastal plains, a narrow
southern coastal plain, and the river valleys. The principal rivers
are in the north and flow into the Caribbean. Geographically and
commercially, the country consists of two general regions: the
highlands of the interior and southern Honduras and the tropical,
banana-producing North Coast. Southern coastal lowlands are grouped
with the highland region because of their economic linkage with
Tegucigalpa and their southwest central location.
The climate in Honduras varies between the mountainous interior
and the coastal lowlands and between the Pacific and Caribbean
coasts. The interior is much cooler than the humid coast, and
temperate Tegucigalpa has maximum temperatures averaging between
77ºF and 86ºF. The rainy season technically begins in May and lasts
until October. This means that the interior and Pacific coast are
relatively dry between November and April, but on the Caribbean
coast it rains all year. The wettest months on the Caribbean coast
are from September/October to January/February.
Population Last Updated: 4/12/2004 2:48 PM
There is evidence of Maya settlements since at least 1000 B.C. at
Copán in western Honduras. Columbus set foot on the American
mainland for the first time at Trujillo in northern Honduras in 1502
and named the country after the deep water off the Caribbean coast
(Honduras means “depths”). The Spanish settled Trujillo in 1525, but
soon became interested in colonizing the cooler highlands. They
established a capital at Comayagua in central Honduras in 1537 and
this remained the political and religious center of the country for
350 years. Independence from Spain was granted in 1821. Honduras
briefly became part of independent Mexico, but then joined the
Central American Federation. In 1838 Honduras declared independence
as a separate nation and Tegucigalpa became the capital in 1880.
At the end of the 19th century, land on Honduras fertile north
coast was purchased by U.S. fruit companies on generous terms, in
order to ship bananas to the southern USA. Three U.S. companies
(Standard Fruit, Cuyamel Fruit, and United Fruit) eventually owned
75% of all Honduran banana groves. Bananas accounted for 66% of all
Honduran exports in 1913, making the companies extremely powerful
players in Honduran politics. Each company allied itself with
domestic political factions, and the rivalries between the three
U.S. fruit companies shaped Honduran politics in the first half of
the 20th century.
During the 1980s, Honduras was surrounded by the turmoil in
Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Strong U.S. influence,
economic aid, and military assistance maintained stability in
Honduras throughout this period, as the country became the focus of
U.S. policy and strategic operations in the region. Since then,
Honduras' problems have been largely economic, with falling exports,
a growing foreign debt and a stagnant per capita income. Aid from
the U.S. diminished after the Central American conflicts ended in
the early ’90s.
In November 1998, international aid and relief workers poured
into Central America to help with the recovery from the devastation
left by Hurricane Mitch. Honduras was the hardest hit by Mitch’s
rampage. The three days of rain that followed Mitch caused
landslides and floods that buried towns and destroyed over 100
bridges throughout the country. When the Rio Choluteca flooded, it
devastated Tegucigalpa, the capital, sweeping debris down river and
leaving behind an ocean of mud. Reconstruction projects related to
this disaster with massive assistance from the U.S. Government and
other countries continued through the end of 2001. As a consequence,
the U.S. official presence in Honduras has once again grown. The
attitude of most Hondurans toward the U.S. is positive and our
economic and cultural influence in Honduras is enormous.
The population of Honduras is approximately 6.5 million people,
with a growth rate of 3%. The overall population density is 132
people per square mile, with the greatest concentrations in the
small towns and villages in the northern coastal and central areas.
Population distribution is concentrated in a rough crescent
beginning at the South Coast, running through Tegucigalpa and
Comayagua to San Pedro Sula, and then eastward along the North Coast
through Tela to La Ceiba. The Central District, Tegucigalpa and
Comayagüela, have a population of approximately one million.
Beginning in 1950, migration to the city from rural areas caused the
urban population to rise sharply. Other major population centers are
San Pedro Sula, with its three-quarters of a million people and the
country's industrial center; Puerto Cortés, Progreso, and La Ceiba
on the North Coast; and Choluteca in the south. Approximately 44% of
the population live in the cities, while the rest live in rural
areas and small towns and villages.
Most Honduran indigenous populations have assimilated into the
Hispanic-American culture. Today more than 90% of the population is
comprised of mestizos, a mixture of Caucasian and indigenous. A
Caribbean population of African ethnicity known as the Garifuna is
centered on the North Coast and the Bay Islands. Many Catholic
Palestinians immigrated to Honduras in the early part of the 20th
century. Known locally as "turkos", their descendents are active in
commerce, trade and politics.
More than 50% of the Honduran population depends on agriculture
for its livelihood. Basic dietary staples are corn (usually prepared
as tortillas), red beans, rice, fish, and eggs. Meat and fresh
vegetables are added to the diet as one moves up the economic scale.
Spanish is the principal language and is spoken throughout the
country, although English (spoken with a broad Caribbean accent) is
the language of choice in the Bay Islands. The small indigenous
tribes have their own distinct languages.
The family is the basic social unit. Family ties extend to
cousins, aunts, uncles, in-laws, and even godparents. Many families
are large and often include representation from several social
strata and different political affiliations.
Although Roman Catholicism predominates, freedom of religion
exists, and membership in other religious organizations, principally
evangelical Protestant, is increasing. The indigenous tribes have
their own religions, often existing alongside Christianity and
incorporating elements of African and Indian animism and ancestor
About 20,000 U.S. citizens reside in Honduras, including several
thousand U.S. citizen children of Honduran parents. A small
international community includes British, Dutch, Chinese, German,
Italian, French, Finnish, Greek and Spanish citizens.
Public Institutions Last Updated: 4/30/2002 6:00 PM
Honduras constitutional democratic government comprises three
separate and equal branches: the executive, legislative, and
judicial. The 1982 Constitution gives people the right to choose the
President and representatives to the unicameral National Congress
through secret and direct balloting every 4 years. In January 2002,
Ricardo Maduro was inaugurated as President, following free and fair
elections. President Maduro is the sixth freely elected President
since democracy was restored in 1980. Incumbents of the two major
parties have peacefully handed over power to a successor from the
other party following free elections. The media is free to express
opposition viewpoints, and Hondurans freely exercise freedom of
speech, assembly and religion.
The two major political parties in Honduras are the National
Party and the Liberal Party. Both have roots in the
conservative/liberal division that has dominated Central American
politics since the early 1800s. Despite a history of bitter and
often violent partisan clashes, both parties can be characterized as
centrist in ideology and committed in principle to the democratic
process of political change. Three small parties, the Christian
Democratic Party, the Innovation and Unity Party, and the Democratic
Unification Party are recognized legally and function freely; all
three are represented in the National Congress.
For administrative purposes, Honduras is divided into 18
departments, which are subdivided into 298 municipalities. Each
department has a governor appointed by the President and they are an
extension of the executive branch of the national government. A
mayor and a council administer each municipality and are elected
every four years at the same time as the President. Councils vary in
size, depending on the size of the municipality.
Arts, Science, and Education Last Updated: 4/30/2002 6:00 PM
Arts and education in Honduras are insufficiently developed. The
National School of Fine Arts sponsors showings of local art. The
National School of Fine Arts and the National School of Music train
qualified students. The Ministry of Culture directs these
institutions and sponsors the Cuadro Folklorico of Honduras and
Garfuna, a Caribbean coast ethnic song and dance group. The
National University has a theater group that presents occasional
plays in Spanish. Instituto Hondureño de Cultura Interamericana (Binational
Center) infrequently presents concerts, lectures, and local art
The Institute of History and Anthropology, a part of the Ministry
of Culture maintains a small museum in one of Tegucigalpa’s historic
houses and offers exhibits on topics of natural history, Honduran
political history, and archeology. A study center at the museum
conducts archeological studies and preserves Mayan artifacts. A
second museum devoted to Honduran history can be found in downtown
Tegucigalpa. There is also a museum of North Coast history and
anthropology in San Pedro Sula and an excellent museum at the famous
Education in Honduras is free and compulsory for children between
the ages of 7 and 13. The government has pledged to raise the
literacy rate, which stands at 82%. In 1998 the national average for
years of education completed was 5 for urban and 4 for rural areas.
The percentage of the population completing primary school is 61%,
secondary school 17%, university 4% and 18% have no education.
Tegucigalpa has six institutions of higher education. The
National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH) in Tegucigalpa,
with branches in San Pedro Sula, Comayagua, Santa Rosa, Olancho, and
La Ceiba, is the major institution of higher learning. In 1982 a
scientific center of investigation was established at UNAH and the
university organized a marine biology center at its branch at La
Ceiba. UNAH and the local professional associations, such as the
College of Engineers, share the responsibility of issuing
professional licenses. The public Universidad Pedagogica Nacional (a
teachers’ college), and the first private university, José Cecilio
del Valle, a Catholic university, are also located in Tegucigalpa.
Through extension programs, nondegree students can elect courses in
painting, drama, archeology, and sculpture at any of these
institutions. The newest private university in Tegucigalpa is the
Central American Technical University (UNITEC), founded in 1987.
UNITEC offers 2-year programs, as well as BS and MS degrees in
fields such as accounting, computer science, and human relations.
The private University of San Pedro Sula was founded in 1972 and
offers degrees in business administration, economics, architecture,
and anthropology. The most recent private universities founded in
Tegucigalpa are CEDAC and UTH.
Commerce and Industry Last Updated: 2/18/2004 6:09 PM
Honduras’ major industries are coffee, bananas, shrimp, beef,
sugar cane, tobacco, and forestry. Its major trading partner is the
United States accounting for about 50% of the country’s total
imports and exports. Honduras is extremely vulnerable to the
volatile fluctuations of banana and coffee prices.
Since the mid-1950s, Honduran industry has grown significantly.
Textiles and apparel production continues to be a key industry in
Honduras. The value added in the maquiladora (assembly for export)
sector amounted to US$541 million in 1999. Detergents, chemicals,
light metals, and food products are manufactured primarily for local
consumption. The chief industrial areas are near the capital and the
San Pedro Sula Puerto Cortés corridor.
Some 18% of the total land area of Honduras is cultivated, most
of it on the coastal plains. Coffee generates US$160 million in
annual export revenues, bananas US$200 million, and sugarcane US$28
million. Coffee exports accounted for 12% of all Honduran exports in
2001. The principal food crops are corn-532,000MT, beans–88,000MT,
and rice–7,245MT. Citrus fruits and pineapples also are exported.
The livestock population in 1999 (most recent census figures)
numbered 1.8 million cattle and 600,000 pigs. Chickens are raised
for local consumption. The fish catch includes cultivated shrimp,
caught shrimp, lobster, and tilapia. Cultivated shrimp is by far the
most profitable -- shrimp farms are a growing industry, and shrimp
is a major export.
Forestry is an important industry in Honduras. Rudimentary
lumbering methods and poor transportation facilities have hampered
reforestation programs. Valuable woods cut include pine, mahogany,
ebony, walnut, and rosewood.
Deposits of silver, zinc, gold, and lead are mined in Honduras.
Other resources include iron ore, coal, copper, and antimony.
Honduran crafts include woodcarving, basketry, embroidery, and
textile arts, leather craft, and ceramics.
Honduras has four international airports located in Tegucigalpa,
the capital city; San Pedro Sula, the commercial center; the coastal
city of La Ceiba and the tourist center of Roatan in the Bay
Islands. Puerto Cortés (Honduras first container loading facility)
and Puerto Castilla (across the bay from Trujillo) are major
Caribbean ports. The primary Pacific port is San Lorenzo.
Automobiles Last Updated: 4/12/2004 3:06 PM
Since public transportation is crowded, dangerous, and
inconvenient, a personally owned vehicle is recommended in Honduras.
Under Honduran law, the importation, purchase, and sale of
personally owned vehicles (POVs) is controlled as follows:
Two vehicles with no limit on engine size for Chief of Mission
and staff with the diplomatic title Minister Counselor, Counselor,
First through Third Secretaries, Military Attaché, and all American
direct-hire USAID employees. All other personnel are restricted to
one duty-free vehicle with no limit on engine size. The Department
of State and other US government agencies pay for the shipment of
only one vehicle, regardless of how many an employee is permitted to
import duty-free. Peace Corps does not pay for vehicle shipment.
Automobiles should be consigned in the same manner as your
household effects (HHE). They need not be boxed for shipment but all
detachable accessories, other than the spare tire and jack, should
be removed. The vehicle will normally be trucked from the port of
entry (Cortez) to Tegucigalpa.
In June 2002 the Honduran government passed a new law forbidding
the importation of any vehicle over 6 years old. If your personal
vehicle will be 7 years old or older by the time it arrives in
Honduras, you should not ship it to post. Contact your parent agency
about vehicle storage arrangements and plan to purchase another,
To facilitate the duty free entry of your vehicle, you must
provide a copy of the title, bill of sale and proof of insurance, if
purchased in the U.S. If a vehicle is financed, a letter should be
obtained from the lending institution describing the vehicle,
original price, loan amount and certification that the original
title is held by the lending institution. The General Services
Office (GSO) works with the Honduran Government to obtain the
duty-free entry, registration, and license plates for incoming
The Honduran Government requires third-party liability insurance
for all personally owned vehicles as well as for all rented or
leased vehicles. Minimum coverage is Lempiras 100,000 (US $11,000)
and proof of insurance must be presented in order to register the
vehicle. The required insurance can be obtained after arrival from
several local companies. GSO can provide a list of local companies
approved for business in Honduras. The cost of the insurance will
vary based on the age and make of your vehicle and is normally
cheaper than if purchased from a U.S. company. If you purchase
liability insurance from a U.S. company, you must obtain a letter
certifying that they are licensed to conduct business in Honduras.
Failure to provide this certification could impede or prevent the
registration and licensing of your vehicle.
All U.S. employees and family members who drive must have a
Honduran driver's license. The Foreign Ministry will provide a
Honduran driving permit after arrival for persons on the diplomatic
list. For diplomatically assigned personnel, the identification card
serves as the official driver’s license. A valid U.S. driver's
license may be used until the Honduran license is issued. A person
must be at least 18 years of age to drive in Honduras.
Unleaded gasoline and diesel fuel are readily available. At the
present time, US-hire American employees are permitted to purchase
duty-free gas at designated Texaco stations at 40% savings from the
normal “pump” price. Gas prices vary and change often. Prices are
typically higher than in the U.S. Tax-free gasoline purchase cards
can only be requested for tax exempt personnel after their arrival
Repair facilities are fair to good. Factory authorized dealers
are franchised in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula but most do not
keep major parts in stock. The parts that are available are normally
more expensive than in the U.S. due to import taxes. Depending on
size and weight, repair parts can be ordered and shipped from U.S.
suppliers via the APO.
Parts for Hondas, Toyotas, Nissans, Jeeps, and Fords are
available, and repairs are generally reliable. Four-wheel-drive or
high-ground clearance cars/trucks are a good choice due to road
conditions, especially in rural areas. Air-conditioning is
recommended, as are heavy-duty shock absorbers and springs and a
locking gas cap. The Regional Security Office also recommends dark
window tinting as a crime deterrent. Window film for this purpose
can be purchased and installed locally.
Most major auto manufacturers have dealers in Tegucigalpa. U.S.
and European specification cars can be purchased, but non-U.S. spec
vehicles may not be imported into the U.S. after your tour without
extensive and costly modifications. To review the special
regulations regarding shipment of foreign-made vehicles to the U.S.,
please contact the State Department Office of Travel and
Transportation. Since unleaded gasoline is readily available
throughout the country, there is no need to remove catalytic
converters or other pollution control equipment.
Dangerous road conditions and local traffic make driving a
challenge, both inside and outside the city. Traffic police do not
have the resources to enforce the rules of the road or respond
quickly in the event of an accident. Compliance with traffic laws is
strictly voluntary, with drivers routinely taking advantage of the
lack of enforcement by blocking traffic, failing to yield, passing
on blind corners, etc. Taxi drivers are the worst offenders, slowing
or stopping in the middle of the street to troll for passengers,
then proceeding at high rates of speed, running red lights to arrive
more quickly at their respective destinations. Stopped buses,
slow-moving vehicles, and pedestrians crossing the roadway add to
the hazardous conditions. One must drive defensively at all times,
keeping eyes forward and remaining alert. For safety and security
reasons, mission personnel are currently prohibited from driving
outside of the city after dark.
Local Transportation Last Updated: 2/19/2004 10:10 AM
Individually operated buses and microbuses (busitos) provide
public transportation service within Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula,
and nearby cities such as Choluteca and Danli. Bus fare is
inexpensive, but transfers are not given and it is often necessary
to take several buses to a given destination. For security reasons,
the Regional Security Office (RSO) does not recommend this mode of
transportation for American Embassy personnel.
Taxi service is adequate in downtown areas of Tegucigalpa. Some
taxis follow a pre-set route and drivers routinely pick up as many
passengers as possible along the way. In addition, most taxis do not
have operational seat belts and other safety features. If you use a
taxi at major hotels or the airports in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro
Sula, they charge more than the normal rates, but are better
equipped and more reliable. A radio dispatched taxi service is
currently the recommended choice of RSO. Most taxis are not metered,
so one must negotiate the fare first and advise the driver not to
pick up additional passengers along the route.
Rental cars are available but expensive and require a major
credit card and a valid driver's license. Make sure that you check
the vehicle closely for damage prior to signing the rental
agreement. If there is any undocumented damage to the vehicle at the
time it is returned, the driver will be held responsible.
Long-distance bus service is available from Tegucigalpa to other
cities in Honduras and to principal cities in Central America.
Mission personnel seldom use this service as buses are typically
overcrowded and rarely meet U.S. safety and comfort standards.
However, there is a relatively safe and reasonably priced express
bus service between Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula and between San
Pedro Sula and Copan.
Regional Transportation Last Updated: 4/12/2004 2:51 PM
American and Continental Airlines currently have non-stop daily
flights between Tegucigalpa and the United States. American Airlines
flies from Miami to Tegucigalpa and Continental Airlines flies from
Houston. Both flights arrive in mid-day, returning to the U.S. after
about an hour on the ground in Tegucigalpa. Taca Airlines, a Central
American carrier, provides service to San Pedro Sula, Miami, New
Orleans and Houston, as well as to Guatemala City, San Salvador,
Managua, San Jose, and Panama.
Islena Airlines and other domestic carriers connect Tegucigalpa
with La Ceiba and the Bay Islands. Charter service and aircraft
rentals (small single and twin engine equipment) are available from
private flying services operating out of Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula,
and La Ceiba. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) rates
the local aviation authority as Category 2, indicating that it is
not in compliance with international standards for aviation safety
Telephones and Telecommunications Last Updated: 2/19/2004 10:35
The Honduras Telecommunications Company (Hondutel) provides
domestic and international telephone service. Existing telephone
service is normally adequate, but obtaining a new telephone line is
difficult and may require a wait of up to a year. The Embassy has
adopted a policy that a house may not be rented for Embassy
personnel if it does not already have a working phone line.
Landlords normally provide one telephone for the residence.
Additional phones may be provided and installed by the tenant.
Obtaining telephone repair service from Hondutel is sometimes
difficult, and phone outages can last several days while repairs are
There is a per-minute charge for all local calls after certain
amount of free minutes are used. There is also a per-minute charge
for all calls to celular phones. Additional calls and/or increased
calling times, including calls to a local Internet service provider,
increase your local phone bill.
Direct-dial, long-distance calling is available to most other
countries, including the United States. Night rates are charged from
10 p.m. to 7 a.m. Direct-dial calls placed from the continental U.S.
to Honduras are considerably cheaper than calling from Honduras.
The Embassy telephone system will receive calls placed with a
pulse telephone, but only recognizes touch-tone for the automated
call distribution and voice mail systems.
Wireless Service Last Updated: 2/19/2004 10:36 AM Two celular
telephone companies currently operate in Honduras -- Celtel and
Megatel. Although adequate in urban areas, cell phones normally do
not function well in rural areas of the country. Arrangements can be
made with one of these companies for purchase of a new phone or for
reprogramming of a phone purchased in the U.S.
Internet Last Updated: 2/19/2004 10:43 AM
Internet connections are available in Tegucigalpa and other major
cities in Honduras. There are a number of Internet service
providers, and Internet cafes are located in most areas of the city.
The phone company’s lines and equipment are old and dial-up
connections are slow and unreliable, with frequent disconnects. Most
mission employees use wide-band service from Multivision and Cable
Color, both of which also provide cable TV connections. Wide-band
service is expensive and somewhat spotty, with frequent unexplained
outages. AOL, CompuServe, and other American-owned international
Internet companies do not offer service in Honduras.
Bring your own computers and peripherals as they are expensive if
purchased in Honduras. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is
highly recommended for personal computer equipment. These are
available locally at somewhat higher than U.S. prices. Cable modems
and connection cards are also expensive if purchased locally.
Mail and Pouch Last Updated: 2/19/2004 10:54 AM
The local postal system is not recommended for mailing packages.
Surface mail between Honduras and the U.S. takes 4 to 5 weeks, and
the local Post Office cannot be depended on to give notice that a
package has been received, plus it is difficult to clear packages
Official Americans and their family members use the APO (military
postal system) for all personal mail. Letters, newspapers,
magazines, and packages arrive via the FedEx flight from Miami
Monday through Friday. APO parcels may weigh no more than 70 pounds,
with a maximum combined length and girth not to exceed 108 inches.
(maximum size is roughly equivalent to a standard computer monitor
box.) Transit time for first class mail is normally 10 days or less;
publications and large packages sent other than first class is
normally take more than 10 days. Some mail may take three weeks or
more, especially during the holiday season. U.S. stamps may be
purchased at the APO office. Address APO mail as follows:
Name Unit number, Box number APO AA 34022 (obtain unit and box
numbers from CLO Coordinator or parent agency representatives at
The Diplomatic Pouch is generally restricted to official
correspondence. The average transit time is six weeks. The Pouch may
not be used for personal mail but may be used for prescription
medicines, eyeglasses, or orthopedic supplies. The Diplomatic Pouch
is restricted for incoming mail to 20 kg (44 pounds) and no larger
than 13” x 16” x 26”. Outgoing pouch items are restricted to letter
mail only. The Pouch address is:
Name/Office 3480 Tegucigalpa Place Department of State
Washington, D.C. 20521–3480
Pouch mail is not available to all agencies. Please check with
your agency to verify that this service is available prior to
sending any official items.
Radio and TV Last Updated: 2/19/2004 11:08 AM
Radio reception is satisfactory. U.S. style music is featured on
several stations, but news and advertising are in Spanish. A
shortwave radio is necessary to receive international broadcasts,
including the Voice of America (VOA).
Several local TV stations operate in Tegucigalpa, all with
Spanish-language programming. Cable TV service is available for a
modest installation fee and a monthly charge, typically bundled with
wide-band Internet service. Most cable stations are in Spanish,
although the four major US networks are also available. BBC, CNN,
C-SPAN, ESPN (in Spanish), and entertainment-oriented stations (HBO,
OLE, CINEMAX, etc.) area also included. Many of these stations are
aimed toward Latin audiences and do not follow U.S. programming
schedules. Service is good to fair, with frequent outages and
unannounced channel reconfigurations.
Local video clubs are available with an initial membership fee
and a charge per rental. Many videos are dubbed in Spanish. Others
are in English with Spanish subtitles.
Newspapers, Magazines, and Technical Journals Last Updated:
2/19/2004 11:11 AM
Four Spanish-language daily newspapers are published in
Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula. One weekly English-language paper is
published in Honduras.
Major sources of English-language news are the Miami Herald, the
New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and USA Today. They
normally arrive the day after publication. Private subscriptions are
available but expensive. U.S. newspapers are also on sale in major
Several small bookstores in Tegucigalpa carry limited selections
of paperbacks, U.S. magazines, and children's books. The Binational
Center library carries a good selection of U.S. newspapers,
magazines, and some technical journals. The CLO Office contains a
small paperback library, mostly donations from outgoing mission
The Embassy newsletter, The TeguciTattler, is published every
second week and distributed free of charge to Embassy personnel.
Health and Medicine
Medical Facilities Last Updated: 2/19/2004 11:17 AM
A full-time Foreign Service Nurse Practitioner, 2 part-time
nurses, and a receptionist/secretary staff the Embassy Health Unit.
The regional medical officer is located in El Salvador. Primary
outpatient care is available to all eligible employees, their
spouses and dependent children up to 21 years of age. To register
for Health Unit services employees and family members must bring
immunization records, copies of their latest medical clearances and
medical records from their previous posts. These items should be
hand-carried to post, to avoid a long wait for Health Unit services.
Although the Health Unit has some pharmaceutical and medical
supplies, employees and dependents with a long-term condition should
bring an adequate supply of medication and/or make arrangements with
to ensure a continued supply from the United States. Drugs may be
obtained locally but are sporadically available and finding the
exact item needed can sometimes be difficult. The Health Unit
provides periodic health briefings and a post health manual to all
Many local physicians attended medical school in the U.S. or
Europe. Diagnostic facilities, such as radiology units and
laboratories, provide adequate basic services, but serious medical
conditions often result in medical evacuation to the U.S., normally
Miami. Three private hospitals are utilized and two have emergency
services. Emergency care is considered poor. Hospitalization is
usually limited to short stays, as comfort and nursing care are only
fair and service is extremely limited.
Medical specialists are available locally, but may not be up to
U.S. standards. Ophthalmology and optometry services are good. There
is an ophthalmology clinic with up-to-date outpatient care services
and 24-hour emergency services. Lenses, frames, glasses, and
accessories are imported, but are cheaper than in the U.S. Routine
dental care is quite good and orthodontic care is excellent and
Community Health Last Updated: 4/12/2004 3:12 PM
Tap water is not potable in Honduras, but bottled water is
commercially available and safe for consumption. The mission
contracts with local vendors to deliver 5-gallon bottles of drinking
water to each residence free of charge. Reputable restaurants use
ice from commercial sources and it is considered safe for
Honduras has limited environmental sanitation and community
health controls. All raw food products, such as fruits, vegetables,
and meats should be considered contaminated and must be pre-treated
with chlorox, peeled or properly cooked. Most endemic health
hazards, including intestinal parasites and bacterial infections,
such as typhoid and infectious hepatitis, are directly related to
water and food contamination. Pasteurized milk and other dairy
products are available and considered safe for consumption if
purchased in reputable grocery stores.
Water outages occur several times per week year round. In the
latter part of the dry season (February-April) shortages are more
frequent, and water rationing measures are ordered by SANAA, the
local water company. All Embassy homes have water storage tanks
(cisterns) with electric pumps. The tanks must be monitored and
water truck deliveries ordered if/when the storage tanks get too
During this same period, burning of fields and vacant lots around
and within the city results in an excessive amount of smoke in the
air. Upper respiratory infections and lung ailments, such as
allergies and asthma, may be exacerbated during this period. If you
suffer from any of these illnesses, bring nebulizers, vaporizers,
air purifiers and any necessary medications.
Preventive Measures Last Updated: 2/19/2004 12:43 AM
All persons traveling in Honduras, if they travel outside the
city to low-lying areas, are at risk of contracting malaria and/or
dengue fever. A prophylactic regimen best suited to your profile is
recommended prior to travel outside of Tegucigalpa. To avoid
mosquito bites, insect repellant and long-sleeved clothing are
important. Sleeping areas should be adequately screened. In areas of
heavy infestation, mosquito netting is advised.
Immunizations for Hepatitis A, B and typhoid are recommended to
reduce the risk of contracting these diseases. Persons adhering to
good hygiene and following the above recommendations concerning food
and water consumption minimize their chance of exposure to
hepatitis. Tetanus shots should be updated prior to arrival.
Rabies is endemic in Honduras, but does not constitute a serious
health problem in the cities. Pre-exposure rabies vaccine is
available in the Health Unit for persons working in outlying areas.
Automobile and pedestrian accidents are still the most common
cause of serious injury. Driving is always a challenge, even during
the best of conditions. Since emergency health care is limited, the
best advice is to stay alert and always drive defensively. Traffic
laws are routinely ignored. There is very little lane discipline and
it is fairly common for other drivers to block oncoming traffic when
turning left. Driving at night outside the city of Tegucigalpa is
currently prohibited by the Chief of Mission.
The Health Unit will brief new employees and their dependents
upon arrival, discussing any specific health concerns. As part of
this orientation, employees will receive further information on the
proper treatment of water and fresh produce; precautions regarding
meats, seafood, milk and milk products, etc.; local physicians and
medical facilities; medications; CPR and basic first aid; and
courses and physical exams for domestic employees. If you have
health problems or concerns you would like to discuss in advance of
your arrival, please contact the Health Unit.
Employment for Spouses and Dependents Last Updated: 2/19/2004
In January 1986, a reciprocal agreement for employment of
eligible family members outside of the U.S. mission was signed with
the Government of Honduras. Any employment of family members under
this agreement must be approved in advance by the Chief of Mission.
The family member must also obtain a work permit from the Honduran
Within the mission there are a few positions reserved exclusively
for family members -- the CLO Coordinator and a limited number of
Consular Associates. Although family members may now compete for any
locally-recruited position, most positions either require
specialized skills or are relatively low-paying.
The CLO maintains a skills bank for all eligible family members.
Spanish language proficiency and computer skills are helpful and are
required for most positions. Family members interested in employment
opportunities should talk with the Human Resources Officer and the
CLO Coordinator after arrival at post. All internal job
announcements are also published on the mission's internet web site:
Local bilingual schools offer teaching positions for U.S.
certified teachers. Salary and benefits vary depending on whether
the contract is negotiated in Honduras or in the U.S. Family members
interested in teaching are encouraged to contact the schools
directly at the addresses listed below under Dependent Education.
For general information on overseas employment, please contact
the Family Liaison Office, Room 1212, Main State, Telephone: (202)
American Embassy - Tegucigalpa
Post City Last Updated: 2/19/2004 1:07 PM
Tegucigalpa, capital of the Republic of Honduras, is located in a
mountain-ringed valley about 3,200 feet above sea level. One such
peak is Mount Picacho that reaches over 7,000 feet. Tegucigalpa is
82 miles from the Gulf of Fonseca on the Pacific coast and 230 miles
from the Caribbean to the north. The population is about 1 million.
The capital of Honduras is a busy, noisy city nestled into a
bowl-shaped valley. It has a fresh and pleasant climate. The
surrounding ring of mountains were formerly covered in pine trees,
but are increasingly denuded by agriculture and new housing. It is
provincial and picturesque, full of contrasts between the antique
and the modern. Streets of stairs connect one level of the city with
another and in places, the city climbs the hillsides on terraces.
Narrow streets with blank walls pierced by heavy doors and
iron-grilled windows, and reddish tile roofs all add to an
impression of architectural unity in the city center. The unity is
interrupted by new buildings and modern residential sections in the
areas surrounding the original town. The Choluteca River separates
Tegucigalpa from Comayagüela, its lower-income sister city. Seven
small bridges connect the two cities, which are now both part of
Colonial Spaniards founded Tegucigalpa in 1579 as a silver-mining
town called Tegus Galpa, meaning hill or mountain of silver in the
native Indian language. In 1880 Tegucigalpa became the capital of
Honduras. Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela were originally separate
towns. In 1898, the two were united with the provision that each
should retain its own municipal council. It was not until 1938 that
they, together with other neighboring communities, were united to
form the Central District.
Tegucigalpa’s altitude contributes to a moderate climate, and
most days feature spring-like temperatures. Moderate to cool nights
relieve the occasional hot days. The average temperature is 74ºF,
but temperatures may range from as low as 55º F to as high as 90º F.
Seasons vary more in rainfall than in temperature. The rainy season
usually begins in late May and continues through mid-December, with
heavy rains ending in late October. During the rainy season, showers
occur in the late afternoons and early evenings but the days are
mostly sunny and clear. From January to February, cooler
temperatures and strong winds prevail. The hot, dry season in
Tegucigalpa can be uncomfortable and lasts for about 3–4 months,
beginning as early as mid-January and reaching its peak in April.
During this time water shortages occur, the earth becomes brown and
parched, and heavy dust and smoke from brush and grassland fires
pollute the air, sometimes closing the local airport.
Security Last Updated: 2/19/2004 1:10 PM
Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, and other cities have a high crime
threat, and a correspondingly high level of caution is recommended
at all times. Street crime is the principal concern with purse
snatchings, pickpocketing, carjackings and robberies in urban areas
on the rise.
Employees should apply the same common sense traveling in
Honduras that is required in any high crime area of any major U.S.
city. Jewelry should not be worn in public areas and obviously large
sums of money should not be displayed or even carried. Whenever,
possible, group travel is recommended, particularly after dark.
Public buses are not recommended for transportation, and taxis do
not have safety belts and are not up to U.S. safety standards. All
highway travel after dark should be avoided.
All mission housing is protected through a security alarm system
monitored by an Embassy hired local guard force. The guard force
patrols the neighborhoods in which the official American community
resides on a continuing basis day and night. If an alarm is
triggered, they respond within approximately three (3) minutes. In
the event of an emergency when the occupant is home, call switches
are installed in strategic locations inside the house. If the
occupant pushes the emergency switch, the alarm is transmitted to
the guard force command center for immediate action and response. As
an added precaution against intruders, houses also are equipped with
concertina wire around the top of the compound walls.
The Regional Security Office schedules a detailed security
briefing for all newcomers immediately following their arrival at
The Post and Its Administration Last Updated: 5/24/2004 5:21 PM
The U.S. and Honduras established diplomatic relations in 1838
when the Central American Federation dissolved. A Treaty of
Friendship, Commerce and Consular Rights that was ratified in 1928
regulates relations between the two countries.
The first U.S. Embassy was in Comayagua, the colonial capital of
Honduras. The Embassy moved to Tegucigalpa in 1880 when the capital
changed. From the 1880s to 1919 a U.S. Consulate operated in San
Juancito, because of American silver mining interests in the nearby
village of El Rosario.
The current Chancery was constructed in 1955 on Avenida La Paz
and is about 5 minutes by car from downtown Tegucigalpa. In July
1990, an annex immediately adjacent to the Chancery was completed.
The Chancery and Annex accommodate all State Department offices,
including the Consulate. In addition, the complex houses the Defense
Attaché (DAO), Corps of Engineers (USACE), Foreign Agriculture
Service (FAS), Department of Agriculture/Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS), Foreign Commercial Service (FCS),
Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Joint Task Force Bravo (JTF-B)
Liaison, and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). There is a
leased, seven-story building directly across the street from the
Embassy that houses the USAID Mission. Treasury has a one-person tax
assistance office near the Embassy. The Peace Corps offices are
located about a half mile from the Embassy and the U.S. Military
Group (MilGroup) is located across town near the Toncontin Airport.
The Embassy is organized in a manner consistent with most
diplomatic missions around the world.
The Executive Office is composed of the Ambassador and the Deputy
Chief of Mission (DCM). The DCM is second in command and functions
as the Ambassador's Chief of Staff. He/she directs the Mission in
the Ambassador’s absence, assuming the title Chargé, d’Affaires ad
The Political Counselor directs the Political Section (POL) and
advises the Ambassador on human rights, labor issues, and military
affairs. This office also provides general political reporting and
analysis to the Ambassador and administers the counternarcotics
program funds provided by the State Department’s International
Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL) Bureau.
The Economic Counselor directs the work of the Economic Section
(ECON), Foreign Commercial Service (FCS) and Foreign Agricultural
Service (FAS) units. In addition to promoting U.S. economic and
business interests, the office reports and analyzes macroeconomic
trends, trade, maritime issues, environmental and energy policy,
civil aviation, intellectual property rights, and telecommunication
The Public Affairs Section (PAS) advises the Ambassador on press
and media relations and cultural affairs. The Public Affairs Officer
(PAO) also functions as the Mission’s public spokesperson. This
office is responsible for educational exchanges and cultural affairs
The Consul General manages the Consular Section (CONS) and
oversees American Citizen Services (ACS), passports, citizenship
registration, warden system, welfare and whereabouts, federal
benefits, the Immigrant Visa (IV) Unit and the Non-Immigrant Visa (NIV)
Unit. A Consular Agent is located in San Pedro Sula to assist with
American Citizen Services on the North Coast.
The Regional Security Office (RSO) is responsible for all
security issues and oversees the 8-person Marine Security Guard
(MSG) Detachment. The RSO also conducts personnel investigations,
controls badge access to the Embassy, runs the residential security
program and supervises an extensive local guard force contract.
The Joint Administrative Office (JAO) provides administrative
services to the U.S. government agencies that participate in the
International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS)
agreement. JAO is staffed by State Department personnel and includes
Budget and Fiscal (B&F), Community Liaison Office (CLO), General
Services Operations (GSO), Health Unit (HU), Information Management
(IM), and Human Resources (HR).
Federal agencies under the authority of the Chief of Mission
The U.S. Agency for International Development has had a presence
in Honduras for more than forty years. Their current objective is
the promotion of a more democratic and prosperous country through
poverty alleviation, economic growth and support of an open economy,
and participatory society. USAID’s ongoing programs include economic
growth, environmental protection, health and population, and
strengthening democracy. In response to the severe damage to
Honduras caused by Hurricane Mitch in October 1998, USAID/Honduras
oversaw more than $300 million of the Central America and the
Caribbean Emergency Disaster Recovery Fund to meet reconstruction
needs. The focus of the reconstruction effort was economic
development, physical rebuilding of infrastructure, community
building, and reduction in vulnerability to future disasters and
improved governance. This program was largely completed by December
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)–Assists with the
construction of local civil work programs and some Hurricane Mitch
Defense Attaché, Office (DAO)–Advises the Chief of Mission on
Honduran military affairs and capabilities. DAO activities include
general military representational duties, reporting and analysis.
The DAO office is composed of representatives from the Air Force,
Army and Navy.
U.S. Military Group (MILGRP)– Established by a 1954 Military
Assistance Agreement, it manages the U.S. Government foreign
military assistance and training programs and it provides advisers,
training, supplies, aid, and military sales. MILGRP is also
responsible for managing the Army Post Office (APO).
Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS)–This office promotes the sale
and trade of U.S. agricultural products and does agricultural
reporting and analysis. The Regional Office is located in Guatemala
and the ECON Section oversees the daily in-country activities.
Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service (APHIS) advises and provides technical assistance and
support to the Honduran Ministry of Natural Resources on prevention
and surveillance of several exotic animal and plant diseases/pests.
The Foreign Commercial Service (FCS) promotes the export of U.S.
goods and services to Honduras. The Commercial Attaché, is located
in Guatemala and the in-country activities are overseen by ECON.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)–works with the Honduran
police on counternarcotics issues. It also provides technical
assistance and training to Honduran authorities on these matters and
does antinarcotics reporting and analysis.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)–manages issues having to do
with immigrant visas and citizenship eligibility, as well as
cooperation with Honduran authorities on alien smuggling issues.
Peace Corps (PC)–This is the world’s second largest program and
has been active in Honduras since 1962. Its approximately 125
volunteers serve in 6 different projects: hillside farming
extension, child survival, water and sanitation, economic
development, natural resource management, environmental education
and municipal development. New volunteers arrive two times a year
and receive in-country training. The offices are located a half mile
from the Embassy.
Joint Task Force Bravo (JTF Bravo)–The U.S. Southern Command,
based in Miami, maintains a liaison office within the Embassy in
support of the U.S. military task force stationed at the Honduran
Soto Cano Air Base. JTF Bravo conducts and supports combined joint
military operations within Central America, in order to promote
regional cooperation and improve the ability of the region's
military to carry out their new peace time missions. This facility
is located approximately one and one-half hours from Tegucigalpa.
The Department of the Treasury manages a small tax assistance
project in the Direccion Ejecutiva de Ingresos, one block from the
Services available to Embassy personnel:
Cafeteria Located in Annex 7:30 a.m.-4:00 p.m. Monday-Friday
Banco Atlantida Located in Annex Hours: Monday-Friday 8:00
a.m.-11:45 a.m. and 1:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m. Check cashing for local
currency and dollars
Bancomer USAID Building (across the street from Chancery) Hours:
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m.-noon and 1:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m. Check cashing
for local currency and dollars
Commissary Located in Chancery Monday-Friday Hours: 10:00
Embassy Gym Located in Chancery Open 24 hours Locker and shower
Travel Offices Located in Annex & AID Building Hours: 8:00
a.m.-5:00 p.m. Monday-Friday Arrange official trips and personal
Switchboard Daytime: (504) 236-9320 or 238-5115 Afterhours: (504)
236-9325 FAX: (504) 236-9037
Embassy Business Hours 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday-Friday
Temporary Quarters Last Updated: 2/19/2004 1:18 PM
While every effort is made to immediately move new arrivals into
permanent housing, it may occasionally be necessary to assign
incoming employees to temporary housing for a limited time. Advance
written notice of arrival helps reduce waiting times. Employees
should be sure their parent agency notifies the GSO housing office,
CLO Coordinator and HR Office as soon as a firm arrival date has
Arriving personnel for whom housing is not yet available usually
stay in one of the major hotels or in an apartment hotel located
near the American School. Major hotel facilities include a
coffeeshop, dining room, swimming pool with poolside service, sauna
and exercise facilities. Discounted rates for U.S. Government
personnel are available on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis at any
of these facilities.
Most local hotels do not allow pets, and local kennel services
are extremely limited.
Permanent Housing Last Updated: 2/19/2004 4:13 PM
The Ambassador occupies a U.S. Government-owned residence that
overlooks the city of Tegucigalpa. It is a contemporary design
constructed of native stone. Built in 1957-58, the residence is
divided into three wings. One wing contains the family living
quarters and recently underwent extensive renovations. It consists
of a master suite, three additional bedrooms, a family
room/kitchenette, game room and study. The utility wing has a
garage, four domestic staff bedrooms, laundry area, kitchen and
family dining room. The third wing consists of two stories: a lower
level with an entrance hall and study and an upper level with a
large formal reception room, dining room, pantry, sitting room,
powder room, and library. The residence is furnished with a baby
grand piano and paintings and other artwork provided through the
Department of State's “Art in Embassies” program. The beautifully
landscaped grounds cover 7 acres and include a 20’ x 40’ swimming
pool with adjoining bath house, a tennis court, basketball court and
sand volleyball court. There is also a short jogging trail on the
The Deputy Chief of Mission’s (DCM) home is a leased, multi-story
house overlooking other side of the city. The first floor contains a
large living room, sitting area, sunporch, dining room, study and
kitchen, which is accessible to separate outside staff quarters. The
second floor has a master suite, three family bedrooms, two
additional baths, sunporch and family room. The ground floor
contains a guest suite, recreation room, living room and a small
storage area. The grounds include two small patios and a swimming
Housing policy for all U.S. government personnel is established
by the Inter-Agency Housing Board based on the relevant interagency
guidance from Washington. The Housing Board has representatives from
all agencies and formally assigns housing to everyone under Chief of
In instances where employees have special housing requirements,
the Management Officer or other agency representative should be
contacted well before the employee's arrival at post to identify the
need and ensure appropriate housing is assigned. The housing market
in Tegucigalpa is erratic and it takes time to locate suitable
housing. Current ICASS standards allow GSO/Housing up to 90 days
from written notice of an employee's arrival date for the selection,
leasing, assignment and preparation of housing for an incoming
All housing assignments must meet applicable 6 FAM space
standards, post security requirements and Housing Board-approved
rental ceilings. Pooled housing is assigned based on rank and family
size. State operates an OBO-approved housing pool for itself, DEA,
DHS, TAT and part of DAO. USAID operates its own housing pool
according to the same guidelines. Peace Corps runs its own leasing
program. MilGroup, COE, JTF-Bravo, Treasury and the other part of
DAO use the living quarters allowance (LQA) program, allowing
elmployees lease their own housing. LQA housing proposals must be
approved by RSO and the Housing Board before leases may be signed.
Most Embassy housing is less than 10 minutes away from the
Embassy by car. Apartment buildings are scarce and only a few
Embassy personnel live in apartments. The majority of American
families occupy single family homes with three to four bedrooms, two
to three baths, and a small servant's quarters. Houses are typically
two or more levels because of the hilly terrain. Most homes have
small patio areas and/or gardens, enclosed by perimeter walls.
Ceilings tend to be high and floors are usually tile. Closet space
is usually adequate.
State Department, USAID and Peace Corps provide their direct-hire
employees with a Hospitality Kit, sometimes also called the “Welcome
Kit.” The kits are distributed on a first come, first served basis.
A Hospitality Kit is also provided at the end of your tour for use
after pack-out. The Hospitality Kit normally contains:
Linens: bath towels, hand towels, and wash cloths; bath mat for
each bathroom in use; set of sheets, blanket, and bedspread for each
bed in use; one pillow per person;
Dishes: place settings, including dinner plate, small plate,
bowl, and cup and saucer; sugar bowl and cream pitcher; flatware
(knife, fork, salad fork, teaspoon, and tablespoon); set of steak
knives; and glasses (water and juice);
Kitchen utensils: set of carving knives; bottle opener cork
screw; vegetable peeler; manual can opener; whisk; set of stainless
kitchen utensils (six assorted large spoons and forks for cooking
and a small pitcher); cutting board; 2 dish cloths; pot holders;
frying pan; 3 sauce pans; 4 baking pans; tea kettle; 2 stainless
mixing bowls; plastic serving bowl; colander; plastic pitcher; set
of food storage containers (24 piece); ice cube tray; dish drainer;
microwave; toaster; coffee maker; and microwave;
Other: iron and ironing board; 21 clothes hangers; shower
curtain; and vacuum.
Items that come in sets (towels, dishes, flatware, and glasses)
usually come in groups of four. If there are more than four people
in your family, please make sure your sponsor knows to request
extras for you. The Hospitality Kit is to be returned immediately
following the arrival of your air freight.
Furnishings Last Updated: 6/2/2004 1:10 PM
The State Department, USAID, and PC supply all major
appliances–washer, dryer, refrigerator, freezer, and stove–to their
employees. Stoves and water heaters may be electric or gas. If gas,
refill tanks are provided and the cost is reimbursable by the parent
agency. Microwaves are not provided. USAID started providing
dishwashers in 2004. State now provides vacuum cleaners.
State Department, USAID and Peace Corps employees have
government- provided furniture. USAID furniture is provided to all
direct-hire and offshore USPSC employees and may, in some
circumstances, be provided to other contractors, depending on their
When appropriate, a large rug for the living and dining rooms is
provided. Beds in master bedrooms are queen size; all others are
twins. Also provided: step-ladder; garbage can; 5-gallon drinking
water bottles (2 per family); and table fan. A complete listing of
household furnishings is available from the General Services Office
(GSO) for State employees and the equivalent office for other
Furniture sets do not include linens, dishes, microwaves, or
other small kitchen appliances, clocks, iron or ironing board,
gardening tools and hoses, hairdryers, telephones, radios, TV or
stereo equipment, stereo stands or cabinets, or any furniture for
servants quarters. Personnel wishing to hire a live-in employee must
provide the necessary furniture.
Air conditioners are provided for occupied bedrooms only. All
government leased housing includes a generator set or a power
inverter (similar to a large UPS) to run electrical equipment during
power outages. Sometimes unoccupied bedrooms are left empty. If
extra furniture is available, unoccupied bedrooms can be furnished
to accommodate guests.
The Defense Attaché’s Office (DAO) and the U.S. Military Group (USMILGP)
are not provided with government furniture. Some major household
appliances are provided; however, it may be necessary to include a
refrigerator, freezer, stove, washer, and/or dryer in your shipment.
Employees of these agencies should contact their agency directly to
determine what appliances they should bring to post.
Power failures and fluctuations are frequent and can damage
electronic equipment such as PCs and CD players, TVs, VCRs, and
microwaves. Voltage regulators or surge protectors are recommended
for all sensitive electronics. An UPS (uninterruptible power supply)
is strongly suggested for personal computers. Battery operated
clocks are a must, especially alarm clocks.
Utilities and Equipment Last Updated: 2/19/2004 5:17 PM
Electricity: As in the U.S., electric current is 110v, 60cycle,
AC, with some houses having both 110v and 220v outlets. All U.S.
direct-hire employees have government-installed generators or power
inverters to provide electricity during power outages.
Security: Houses have protective grills over windows and glass
doors. Deadbolt locks are installed on on entrance doors. Alarm
systems for Embassy-leased houses are connected to the contract
security service provider's office. A mobile team responds when the
alarm is triggered. The security contractor also provides 24-hour
roving patrol service that has an English-speaking dispatcher on
duty at all times to provide an emergency response within minutes.
Water: All houses occupied by Mission personnel have water
storage tanks (cisterns) and some type of pumping system to cover
periods of water outages, especially during the dry season. City
water is not potable, but bottled water is widely available and is
delivered to your house in 5 gallon bottles.
Climate Control: Air conditioners are installed in all occupied
bedrooms. You may wish to ship a small space heater for the cooler
days in December and January. Most houses have one or more ceiling
fans. Likewise, you may want to bring additional fans or room air
conditioners for the computer room, guest room, etc. Fans and space
heaters are available at local commercial outlets.
Food Last Updated: 4/9/2004 12:07 AM
All U.S. Government personnel with duty-free privileges are
eligible to join the United States Embassy Personnel Association (USEPA),
which runs a small commissary in the Embassy compound. The
commissary stocks a limited number of basic foodstuffs and specialty
items. Other items may be ordered by case lot through USEPA. The
commissary also stocks duty-free liquor, wine, and U.S. beer. See
"Social Activities" for additional information on USEPA.
Pasteurized fresh milk, cheese, butter, eggs, cooking oil, and
ice cream are all available locally. Locally bottled beer and soft
drinks are also readily available. Several supermarkets sell
adequate beef, chicken and pork, although the cuts and taste can
differ from those purchased in the U.S. Frozen and fresh fish and
shrimp may be purchased at reasonable prices. Supermarkets carry
fluctuating supplies of local and imported food items and local
meats. There are occasional local shortages, mostly because of poor
inventory management and/or long shipping lead times. Items imported
from the U.S. are expensive due to high transportation costs and
The supply of American merchandise has improved with the opening
of the U.S.-owned Price Smart a few years ago. This is a warehouse
membership operation and bulk buying is often required. Chicken,
fish, and U.S. quality meats are available as well as dry goods,
including electrical appliances and other household items.
Fresh fruits and vegetables are available year round, but the
supply and quality varies with the season. Local vegetables include
tomatoes, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, string beans,
beets, corn, eggplant, and lettuce. Avocados, oranges, grapefruits,
bananas, lemons, melons, pineapples, and other tropical fruits are
abundant year round.
U.S. brands can be hard to find. Employees who are unwilling to
substitute local brands for their favorite U.S. products can
sometimes get them through USEPA or by catalog through the APO.
Clothing Last Updated: 2/19/2004 5:36 PM
The weather is tropical by day and cool in the early morning and
evening. During the cool season (mid-November to February) it may be
chilly during the day. Long sleeves, light sweaters, and jackets can
be useful at times; however, summer clothing is normally suitable
Military: Personnel belonging to DAO and MILGP wear civilian
clothes or short-sleeved summer uniforms. Officers of DAO and MILGP
are required to wear dress uniforms or fatigues on occasion.
Office/Representational: Office attire varies by grade and job
function. Men wear suits and ties and women wear professional suits
and dresses when attending meetings in the Embassy community and
with local officials. Tropical weight suits are appropriate
year-round and lightweight wool suits or slacks with sport jackets
are comfortable during cooler months. Slacks, dress shirts, and ties
are suitable for days when no official meetings are scheduled.
“Casual Fridays” are permitted, provided that personnel have no
official meetings or outside responsibilities that day. Honduran
government officials almost always wear suits or the equivalent for
women–with dark suits predominant.
Black-tie functions are rare, but if you have a tuxedo or dinner
jacket, bring it with you. In the absence of a tuxedo, a dark suit
is sufficient for formal wear. Women wear gowns or cocktail dresses
on only a few formal occasions and dresses and suits for the more
common, less formal representational events.
Casual: A good supply of sports clothes and informal clothing is
required. Bring lightweight clothes and include street-length
dresses and skirts, separates, and sports clothes in your wardrobe.
Generally, shorts are not worn except for sporting activities and at
the beach. Rainy weather and unpaved streets are hard on shoes, so
plan accordingly and bring a good supply. Locally made shoes are
generally poor quality, and larger sizes can be difficult to find.
Imported shoes, while available, are more expensive than in the U.S.
Women should bring plenty of lingerie and stockings, since sizes,
styles, and colors are geared toward Honduran, not U.S., tastes.
Again, imported items are available, but expensive.
Children Last Updated: 2/19/2004 5:38 PM
Purchase clothing and shoes before coming to post or identify a
reliable stateside supplier that has Internet or mail order
capability. Local prices for imported children’s clothing are high
and selections are limited. Children need lightweight clothing for
most of the year with light sweaters and jackets for the cooler
months. Most schools in Tegucigalpa require uniforms; materials for
all school uniforms can be purchased locally. (see Dependent
Supplies and Services
Supplies Last Updated: 2/19/2004 5:51 PM
Bring linens, glassware, dishes and flatware (dining tables
comfortably seat eight), kitchenware, and battery-powered clocks.
Consider bringing shower curtains and rings, closet fittings
(clothes hangers and garment bags), heavy-duty nails and
screws/anchor bolts for cement walls, small kitchen appliances
including a microwave, ice chest, electric iron and ironing board,
gardening tools and hoses, extra lamps (especially task lamps or
desk lamps), radios, CD players, stereos, VCRs, TVs, PCs, and books.
Also useful are extra telephones; party favors and decorations;
children’s birthday gifts, greeting cards, games, and toys; favorite
brands of cosmetics and perfume; and playing cards. If you are
interested in outdoor cooking, you may wish to bring a gas or
charcoal grill (caution -- gas cylinders must be purchased locally;
they may not be shipped in your household effects). Favorite
decorator items and framed pictures and other wall hangings can make
you feel more at home.
Most items are available in Honduras. However, small appliances,
electronics and kitchenware are more expensive here than in the U.S.
Many items are available by mail order and on the Internet. Check
with the CLO Coordinator for local prices and availability of
Furniture: There are fine woodworkers in Honduras who produce
beautiful carvings, wooden trunks, and furniture using cedar and
mahogany. These articles may be purchased ready-made at tourist
centers and artisan shops or made to order by the manufacturer. Less
expensive wood shops make more utilitarian furniture.
It is recommended that you leave your valuable antiques, family
photo albums and other heirlooms in storage, due to rough handling
by packers, shippers and household staff. Excessive dryness/humidity
and termites can also damage wooden antiques.
Basic Services Last Updated: 2/19/2004 5:57 PM
Local tailors and seamstresses are available in Tegucigalpa for
fabrication of simple, inexpensive clothes. A variety of fabrics are
available in all price ranges, but quality materials can be
expensive. If you sew, bring patterns with you.
Laundry and dry cleaning services are available and the cost is
comparable to U.S. prices. Dry cleaning is adequate for most
fabrics, except leather. Shoe repair is satisfactory. Garment bags
are recommended to protect seldom worn clothing from dust and moths.
Simple repairs for radios, TVs, and household appliances are
available, but local repair of delicate equipment should not be
attempted. Plumbers, electricians, and carpenters are available, but
workers are not trained or equipped to American standards.
Furniture refinishing is good, although delivery may be slow. If
you furnish the materials, reupholstering is good and inexpensive by
U.S. standards. Imported furnishings are available but expensive.
State and USAID residential maintenance teams respond to routine
requests to maintain and repair government-owned property, assist
landlords in contracting labor to fulfill their maintenance
obligations under lease agreements, perform minor repairs that are
too small to be practical for contracting, and respond to emergency
maintenance requests after duty hours. Under our lease agreements,
major maintenance is primarily a landlord responsibility. Landlords
have no responsibility to make improvements, other than those
specified in the lease agreement.
Domestic Help Last Updated: 2/19/2004 6:04 PM
Most families employ one domestic servant who does cleaning,
washing, ironing, and some cooking. Large families and persons with
extensive representational responsibilities sometimes hire
additional household help. Many Mission families also employ full or
part-time gardeners. While it is not a responsibility of the
employee to provide a maid for the convenience of maintenance, it
does facilitate the repairs at the residence when one is present. In
addition, it allows for a presence in the house during work hours,
thus providing additional security for the residence.
Because of cultural differences, it can be difficult to get
household help that would be considered reliable by American
business standards. Even if previously employed by Americans,
servants often require close supervision and training. Unexplained
absences are common. Servants generally speak only Spanish.
Many mission families hire full-time, live-in domestic staff. The
employer must furnish the living quarters, including bedding and
linens, as well as supplies such as bathroom tissue and soap. Some
domestic employees may also wish to have their children live in. In
this case, the employer and employee must agree on the specific
arrangements, including food and living space for the children. It
is customary for the employer to furnish uniforms or work clothes,
although some domestics wear street clothes. Part-time domestics are
also available and are normally provided meals, but not living
Conditions under which domestic employees may be hired are
controlled by the Honduran Labor Code. It favors the employee over
the employer, who is responsible for paying certain medical
expenses, Christmas gratuities, summer bonuses and other benefits.
The CLO Coordinator has summaries of the Code.
Check character references from previous employers carefully.
Make sure all prospective domestic employees have the proper
official identification. The Regional Security Office will verify
these documents and perform a local background check. All domestics
should have a chest x-ray, blood test, and stool sample. Ask to see
your domestic's current health card. In most cases it is wise to
obtain a complete pre-employment physical exam for your domestic
employee, at your expense.
Religious Activities Last Updated: 2/19/2004 6:06 PM
Spanish-speaking religious organizations representing the
following are found in Tegucigalpa: Roman Catholic, Seventh-day
Adventist, Assembly of God, Central American Mission, Baptist,
Four-Square Gospel, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mennonite, Lutheran,
Mormon, Southern Baptist, Methodist and World Gospel Mission. The
indigenous groups have their own religions, often existing alongside
Christianity and incorporating elements of African and Indian
animism and ancestor worship. English-language Catholic and
Protestant services are available including the non-denominational
Catholicism is the leading religion in Honduras, but Protestant
denominations have grown in recent years. Highlights of the
religious calendar in Tegucigalpa are Christmas (Navidad) and Easter
(Semana Santa or Holy Week). The week between Christmas and the New
Year is celebrated with much gaiety and fireworks. Holy Week is
rigorously observed with most stores and all local government
offices remaining closed from Thursday through Sunday. Honduran
Catholics also celebrate February 2nd and 3rd as feast days of the
Patron Saint of Honduras, Our Lady of Suyapa.
At Post Last Updated: 4/26/2004 3:11 PM Additional information on
the schools discussed here is available from the Community Liaison
Office (CLO). While The American School is designated as the
reference school for Embassy personnel (the education allowance is
based on the tuition of this institution), your choice of schools is
strictly a personal decision. Those eligible for the education
allowance can be reimbursed up to the amount it would cost to send
their children to the American School. We encourage each family to
investigate all available schools prior to making a decision on the
school their children will attend. Please note that the education
allowance is insufficient to cover the complete cost of the other
two schools that are accredited in the United States.
The academic year for most bilingual schools begins the third
week in August and ends in May. Students need to be pre-registered
for all schools. The Community Liaison Office will assist families
with pre-registration once a school has been chosen. All schools
require the following documents at the time of enrollment:
Copy of birth certificate Copy of photo page of passport Two
current passport size photos (B&W or color) Previous school records
The American School. The American School (K-12) is the largest of
the three U.S. accredited schools, with approximately 1,100
students. It is a private, nonprofit institution and is currently
the reference school for education allowance purposes. All children
of official mission personnel are accepted for enrollment. Advance
registration is required but all US government students will be
accepted. The address is:
American School of Tegucigalpa
Unit Number 2908 APO AA 34022 Internet: http://www.amschool.org
The school is located in a residential area called Colonia Las
Lomas del Guijarro, in close proximity to most American Embassy
neighborhoods and within 10 minutes drive of the Embassy. An elected
school board, which includes U.S. mission members, administers the
school. The student body consists of 10% U.S. and third country
nationals and 90% Honduran nationals. The school receives guidance
and grants from the State Department’s Office of Overseas Schools
and is accredited by the Southern Association of Schools and
Colleges. There is an active parent-teacher organization.
Classes are conducted in English. There is Spanish language
instruction for non-native speakers. The school follows a U.S.
curriculum. In high school, the school offers three programs:
college preparatory for U.S. colleges and universities; an
International Baccalaureate (IB) program; and a program that
prepares students for the National Autonomous University of
Honduras. Overall, children of Embassy personnel score above average
on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), and gain acceptance to U.S.
colleges of their choice. Extracurricular activities include
cheerleading, band, sports, drama, and chorus.
All students, grades K to 12 wear uniforms. Boys wear uniform
pants with white, short-sleeved shirts and dark socks. Girls wear
uniform jumpers with white, short-sleeved blouses and white socks or
uniform pants with white, short-sleeved blouses and dark socks. All
shirts and blouses must have the American School patch sewn on the
sleeve. Material for the jumpers and uniform pants, navy with white
pinstripes, is available at the school, as are the patches. Shirts
and blouses are readily available from the school or local
merchants. A navy blue sweater or windbreaker is appropriate for
cooler days. Most students wear tennis shoes or, on occasion, black
or dark brown dress shoes.
Academia Los Pinares. The Los Pinares school (K-12) is also based
on an American curriculum and is accredited by the Southern
Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). The education allowance
does not cover the entire cost of this institution. It is a private
religious school located in a highland area approximately 40 minutes
by bus from Tegucigalpa. Embassy children are not granted automatic
admission. Enrollment is approximately 650 students. The student
body consists of 15% U.S. citizens, 5% other nationalities, and 80%
Hondurans. Additional information on the school can be obtained by
contacting the following:
Director Academia Los Pinares Apartado 143C Tegucigalpa,
Honduras, CA Internet: http://www.pinares.org
A Honduran curriculum is also offered in grades 7 to 12. Bible
study is a required course and all courses include Christian
principles and emphasize moral values. Classes are in English with
daily Spanish-language courses included in the curriculum. Pinares
offers a full range of sports activities, band and chorus.
Academia Los Pinares students wear dark green uniforms with green
and white checkered shirts and white socks. Uniforms and shirts can
be made at post from locally purchased material. Many students wear
Discovery School. The Discovery School, is a smaller, private
school located in a residential area of Tegucigalpa called Colonia
Lara. An American curriculum and a hands-on approach are followed
from kindergarten through tenth grade. Class size does not exceed 15
students. Classes are in English with daily Spanish language courses
included in the curriculum. Enrollment is 125 and the student body
consists of 28% U.S. citizens and 72% Hondurans and other
nationalities. Embassy children are not granted automatic admission
and the education allowance does not cover the entire cost. This
school recently received accreditation by SACS. Information on the
Discovery School is available by contacting the following addresses:
Discovery School TGU 00015 P.O. Box 025387 Miami, FL 33102-5387
Other Bilingual Schools. While the majority of children in the
official community attend one of the three schools mentioned above,
there are other bilingual schools in Tegucigalpa. Please contact the
CLO for information on these schools or on Spanish-speaking schools.
Away From Post Last Updated: 2/20/2004 12:11 AM Because of the
post’s proximity to the U.S., educational facilities elsewhere in
Central America and Mexico are rarely used as an away-from-post
schooling option. Families interested in boarding schools normally
make the necessary arrangements with private schools in the U.S. and
Canada. A higher away-from-post than at-post allowance is granted
for dependents beginning with grade 7.
Higher Education Opportunities Last Updated: 2/20/2004 2:03 PM
The Embassy sponsors a Spanish-language training program and has
established an independent learning language laboratory with a
variety of software programs and videos for use by the mission
community. If space is available for classroom instruction,
dependents are invited to participate in the program. The
independent learning laboratory is always available to dependents.
Local Spanish teachers are available for private lessons, and
several private schools offer classroom instruction.
Local universities have limited facilities for international
students and all classes are taught in Spanish.
The National School of Fine Arts conducts classes in ceramics,
painting, woodcarving, and sculpture. All instruction is in Spanish.
Several private schools/studios around the city offer instrumental
music, dance, aerobics and martial arts classes. Guitar, piano, and
marimba lessons are available. Tegucigalpa has ballet schools for
children and adults. Karate, tai chi and judo classes are available
for all ages.
French-language lessons are taught at the Alliance Francaise
under the auspices of the French Embassy. The Alliance offers an
excellent curriculum, from begining to advanced French studies.
Recreation and Social Life Last Updated: 2/20/2004 2:09 PM
The CLO Coodinator manages an ambitious activities program and
encourages organizational participation from volunteers with
specific skills and interests. The CLO Coordinator also sponsors
periodic orientations, town hall meetings and holiday events. There
are also various sports and non-official activity groups organized
by mission members and other diplomatic missions in Tegucigalpa..
Sports Last Updated: 2/20/2004 2:45 PM
Honduras offers a variety of sports activities for all ages
including hiking, fishing, scuba diving, snorkeling, white water
rafting and horseback riding. The La Tigra National Park, a cloud
forest about 40 minutes from town, offers excellent hiking
opportunities. Fishing is most frequently done in the Gulf of
Fonseca, about two hours away. Water sports are mostly confined to
the north coast, about five hours north by car, or the Bay Islands,
about five hours away by plane. Vehicle transportation within
Honduras can be dangerous, however, and a high degree of caution is
needed when traveling outside the city.
Little League basketball and soccer are played at the American
School after school and on Saturdays for children through grade 7.
Adults and older teens can join in pickup basketball and volleyball
games on weekends at San Miguel, a local Catholic school, or at the
The Ambassador’s residence has a heated swimming pool, a tennis
court, basketball court and volleyball court for use by official
Americans and their guests. The residence is currently open every
day except Sunday. Liability waiver forms must be completed and
returned to the Management Office prior to using the pool. The RSO
requires 24 hour advance written notice of when guests are invited.
The mission has a well-equipped exercise room located in the
Chancery. It is open to all employees, American and Honduran, as
well as to American family members. In addition, there are several
commercial gyms in the city. Two of the most popular are Cybex and
Gold’s Gym. Membership costs vary based on individual needs. USEPA
members can obtain a special discount from the Cybex Club.
There are two local country clubs that offer tennis and golf
memberships to mission members. Villa Elena, a 40-minute drive from
Tegucigalpa, is the most popular due to the quiet, secluded
location. The club offers swimming, tennis and golf and annual dues
Horseback riding can be enjoyed year round. A stable near the
outskirts of town offers English riding lessons. Open range riding
is also available at the Pan-American Agricultural School in
Zamarano, a 45-minute drive from town.
The Bay Islands range from 20 to 40 miles off the north coast.
The largest three are Roatán, Guanaja, and Utila, all available by
single engine plane via La Ceiba. The scuba diving, snorkeling, and
fishing in these islands are excellent.
Photography is a popular hobby. You will find considerable
human-interest subject matter and panoramic scenes. The most popular
types and sizes of film are available as is film developing service.
Mail-order firms in the U.S. can also be used for photo processing.
Digital photography is catching on, and many mission members no
longer use conventional 35 mm cameras.
Bring all sporting equipment and special clothing to post -- the
local selection is limited and prices can be quite high.
Touring and Outdoor Activities Last Updated: 2/20/2004 5:51 PM
Tegucigalpa: The focus of the old city is the domed 18th century
cathedral, which has a baroque interior filled with fine art. Parque
Central, in front of the cathedral, is the hub of the old city.
Interesting buildings include the old university, Antiguo Paraninfo
Universitaria, now an art museum; the contemporary Palacio
Legislativo, constructed on stilts; the old Casa Presidencial, a
beautiful old building which has been converted into a museum
situated above the river; the 16th-century Iglesia de San Francisco,
the first church built in Tegucigalpa; and the National Cathedral of
San Miguel, begun in 1756 and consecrated in 1782.
A drive or walk up the cobblestone streets to the old La Leona
section of the city leads to La Leona Park, with a lovely view of
Tegucigalpa. Standard security precautions should be taken when
walking in this area, especially at night.
Concordia Park is a small park that has replicas of the Copán
The El Centro market is located in Comayagüela. Walking in
Comayaguela is not recommended as this is a high-crime area of the
By driving to the top of one of the the higher peaks overlooking
the city, you can visit the extensive Picacho Park. Included is a
large playground for children, a botanical garden, and the "Cristo
de Picacho" statue that can be seen from all areas of the city.
(Weekends and Honduran holidays are crowded.)
The Feria Centroamericana de Tourismo y Artesanía, a Central
America international artisans and tourism fair, is held annually in
Tegucigalpa in early December.
Another famous church, the Basilica of Suyapa, is the home of the
patron saint of Honduras. This huge, gothic church is on a hill
southeast of the city and can be seen from all over town. The Virgin
of Suyapa is believed to have performed hundreds of miracles. A fair
in her honor is celebrated during the first two weeks of February.
The services and festivities attract pilgrims from all over Central
Valle de Angeles is a 30-minute drive over a paved mountain road
that winds through the hills. It is a center for arts and crafts and
a good place to find hand-carved mahogany and cedar objects and
other handicrafts of Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. Valle de
Angeles is an old Spanish mining town restored to its 16th century
Santa Lucia, just off the road to Valle de Angeles, is a charming
old colonial village with steep stone streets and a small stone
church overlooking the valley of Tegucigalpa. The age of the church
in Santa Lucia is unknown, but a wooden plaque dated 1598 was found
in the old building.
La Tigra National Park, 40 minutes northeast of the city, is one
of the most beautiful places in Honduras. Located at an altitude
ranging from 6,000 to 7,000 feet, the pristine 18,480-acre park is
in a lush cloud forest on property formerly owned by a U.S. mining
company. The company closed in the 1960s and donated the land to the
Honduran government. La Tigra is a popular destination for hikers.
The Pan American Agricultural School at Zamorano is a 45-minute
drive from Tegucigalpa over a paved but poorly maintained mountain
road. The school grounds are beautiful, well maintained and the
limestone buildings are of attractive colonial-style architecture. A
store on the school grounds sells fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy
products, coffee and meats produced by students at the school.
Mission personnel are invited to use the school’s swimming pool,
tennis courts, and soccer fields and, for a small fee, may ride the
school’s saddle horses.
Nearby is San Antonio de Oriente, a picturesque mining town, and
home of well- known Honduran primitive painter, Juan Antonio
Velasquez. It is a morning’s hike from the Pan-American Agricultural
School grounds, or you can go by four-wheel drive vehicle.
Comayagua, the former capital of Honduras, is situated in a broad
valley about 1-1/2 hours north of Tegucigalpa. Comayagua was the
colonial capital from 1537 to 1880. The cathedral, located in the
center of the town, was built between 1685 and 1715. It contains
colonial paintings and boasts one of the oldest clocks in the world.
The clock was made over 800 years ago by the Moors for the palace of
Alhambra in Seville, and was donated to the town by King Philip II
of Spain. Comayagua’s Cathedral is one of the most beautiful in
Central America. The first university in Central America was founded
in Comayagua in 1632 in the Casa Cural, which now houses the newly
renovated Museo Colonial. The museum has religious art spanning four
centuries of colonial rule. Comayagua’s first church was La Merced,
built between 1550 and 1558; other fine churches include San
Francisco (1584) and La Caridad (1730).
Daní hosts a fair the last weekend in August. It is also home to
several hand-rolled cigar factories. Danli is about 2 1/2 hours east
Lake Yojoa, the largest lake in Honduras, is about 2 1/2 hours
north of Tegucigalpa. There are several hotels and restaurants
around the lake. Soto Cano Air Base also maintains a Morale and
Welfare facility on the lake and rents out boats to Embassy
personnel. They require that the operator take a safety course prior
to renting a boat. Swimming and fishing in Lake Yojoa is not
recommended due to high bacteria counts.
An hour’s drive from Lake Yojoa is Pulhapanzak Falls. A jeep or
four-wheel-drive vehicle is recommended.
Choluteca is reached by a paved road, the spur that connects
Tegucigalpa with the Pan American Highway on the South Coast. El
Tigre, a 2,568 foot high volcanic island in the Golfo de Fonseca is
home to the quiet fishing village of Amapala, a favorite retreat for
wealthy Hondurans. Apart from the tranquillity, the other major
drawing cards are the views and the seafood. Small boats and a car
ferry connect the island with Coyolito on the mainland.
Copán: Embassy families have found the Copán Ruins to be one of
the “must see” sights in Honduras. The country’s cultural heritage
includes these remains of a once great center of pre-Columbian
civilization in Central America. This Mayan city rose and
mysteriously declined seven centuries before Columbus set foot on
Honduran soil. Since its discovery in 1893, the Copán has been
explored, excavated, and studied by some of the world’s leading
archeologists. The archaeological site is open daily and includes
the stelae (carved stone columns) of the Great Plaza, portraying the
rulers of Copán, dating from C.E. 613; the ball court and
hieroglyphic stairway; and the Acropolis, which has a superb carved
relief of the 16 Kings of Copan. All archeological relics are the
property of the government. Honduran law and a U.S. treaty prohibit
The beautiful village of Copán Ruinas, with cobbled streets
passing among white adobe buildings, is one kilometer from the
famous Mayan ruins. The village has a lovely colonial church and an
aura of timeless peace. There is a popular fair in Copán Ruinas in
March and a cultural fair in December. There are a number of hotels
and restaurants in different price ranges.
For the best hikes, try Parque Nacional Celaque, 28 miles
southeast of Santa Rosa de Copán. It contains the country’s highest
peak, a lush cloud forest, the headwaters of 10 rivers, and a
majestic waterfall. There are also vertical cliffs for expert
North Coast: San Pedro Sula, the commercial center of the
country, hosts a fair the last week in June. The RSO currently does
not recommend personal travel to San Pedro Sula due to the high
Tela, about 5 hours north of Tegucigalpa, is a favorite Honduran
beach town. It’s a small, quiet place, with superb seafood, several
good places to stay and some of the best beaches on the north coast.
The best beach is east of the town, in front of the Hotel Villas
Telamar. This facility used to be the United Fruit Company’s housing
compound for resident Americans. Charming cabins from the ’40s
surround a more modern hotel and restaurant. There is a popular fair
in Tela in mid-June.
La Ceiba, another north coast town, celebrates Carnaval during
the third week of May with parades, costumes and street music. Near
La Ceiba is Pico Bonito, located a few kilometers to the South. Pico
Bonito has trails around the fringes of a 195 square mile forest
reserve. It is the largest protected area and least explored in
Honduras except for the Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve in La
Mosquitia. The Eco-lodge at Pico Bonito sits adjacent to the park
and is a first class resort, offering daily trips to surrounding
towns such as Tela and La Ceiba, hikes, white water rafting in the
national parks and tours of the local butterfly farm. Room rates at
the lodge are quite high, but visitors all agree that they are worth
the extra expense.
The small town of Trujillo has played an important role in
Honduran history. It sits on the wide arc of the Baha de Trujillo
and has lovely beaches, coconut palms and gentle seas. Though it has
a reputation as one of the country's best Caribbean beach towns,
there are few tourists, except during the annual festival (late
June). Apart from the attractions of the beaches, there is a
17th-century fortress, the grave of William Walker and a Museo
Arqueologico. To the west of the town is the Barrio Cristales, where
the Garfuna people live; this is the place to go for music, dancing
The Cayos Cochinos, or Hog Islands, are a group of small,
privately-owned islands and cays 10 miles off the north coast near
La Ceiba. Indigenous tribes once inhabited them, but the islands
took their name from the conquistador Cortés, who tried to farm
there. There is good snorkeling and diving around these islands,
some of which have black coral reefs. Boats to the islands can be
hired from Nueva Armenia, 25 miles east of La Ceiba.
Bay Islands: Roatán, Guanaja, and Utila, the three largest of the
Bay Islands, lie 30 miles (on average) off the north coast of
Honduras. They are surrounded by a barrier reef that offers great
snorkeling and diving. The islands’ economy is based mostly on
fishing, but tourism is becoming increasingly important. Utila
offers low-key tourist facilities, while Roatán is gradually joining
Guanaja as a more up-market retreat. Most low-budget travelers head
to West End on Roatán, but Utila is the cheapest of the three
islands to visit. Whichever island you choose, make sure you bring
plenty of insect repellant -- the mosquitoes sand fleas are
voracious, especially during the rainy season.
The Bay Islands have an interesting history, including evidence
of Mayan habitation. The descendants of English settlers now
populate what was once the haven of buccaneers and pirates. The
islands, in many ways, still identify more with the English-speaking
Caribbean than the Honduran mainland. Their laguages are English,
Creole and Spanish. The Bay Islands offer lovely scenery, excellent
snorkeling and diving, a relaxed atmosphere, and good seafood.
Sailing yachts and fishing boats can be chartered and small cays can
be rented for overnight stays.
It is possible to get to the Bay Islands by driving to the north
coast and taking a ferry. However, most visitors travel by plane.
Air service is erratic and extra time should be allowed to arrive
and return -- bad weather often strands travelers overnight on the
islands or in La Ceiba.
Mosquitia: The Miskito, Paya, and Mayungna Indians inhabit the
vast inaccessible region in northeastern Honduras called La
Mosquitia. The pristine wilderness and abundant wildlife includes
manatees, monkeys, alligators, and bird life. Infrastructure is
nonexistent, so be prepared to rough it, carry food supplies and eat
with local families. Attractions include the magnificent Río
Plátano Nature Reserve and boat trips on the rivers and lagoons.
Driving: Honduras has 23,000 miles of roads, of which only 2,000
are paved. Potholes and rock slides are constant hazards,
particularly during the rainy season. Night driving outside of
Tegucigalpa is currently prohibited, because of poor road
conditions, farm animals and pedestrians on the road, slow-moving
and unlit vehicles, and heavy commercial traffic.
When political and security conditions permit, it is possible to
drive to neighboring Central American countries. If you plan to
travel to surrounding countries, it is recommended that you first
consult the Consular Section and the RSO for current travel
advisories, security concerns, travel restrictions or known road
Entertainment Last Updated: 2/20/2004 6:05 PM
Home entertaining and dining out are the most popular forms of
entertainment. Movie theaters are also popular, as U.S. movies are
shown in modern air-conditioned theaters at two local malls.
Various universities and ministries of the Honduran Government
sponsor shows, exhibits, and plays. (See Arts, Science, and
Education for more information.) Occasionally, cultural attractions
are sponsored by the U.S. Government, other embassies, or diplomatic
groups. Locally-produced concerts, folk festivals, and plays are
occasionally offered. Getting to these events is sometimes
problematic due to the high crime threat and lack of secure parking.
Tegucigalpa has many restaurants from fast food to formal dining.
Fast food chains include McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, Burger King, and
Kentucky Fried Chicken. Many of these chains offer home delivery.
American chain restaurants, such as TGIFriday's, Applebee’s, Ruby
Tuesday and Tony Roma's are also found in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro
Sula. Local restaurants include Italian, Chinese, Mexican,
continental and traditional Honduran fare. Honduran meals typically
include beans, rice, tortillas, fried bananas, grilled meat,
potatoes, sour cream and grated cheese.
There are many individually owned stands selling pupusas, a
popular tortilla-based dish, hot dogs, tacos, ice cream, etc. The
quality varies widely, and the Health Unit does not recommend
consuming this kind of street food.
Social Activities Last Updated: 4/9/2004 12:17 AM
Ample opportunities exist for social contacts with Honduran
nationals in all agencies and at all levels. The international
community includes 22 diplomatic missions, various honorary
consulates, and representatives of international organizations and
U.S. businesses. There are frequent opportunities for social
contacts among members of the diplomatic corps.
Contacts are more limited for persons who do not have diplomatic
titles or who do not work directly with Honduran government
officials. It is still possible to develop friendships and lead an
interesting social life. Employees and their spouses can expand
their contacts by joining activities and organizations.
Damas Diplomaticas, open to all female diplomats and wives of
employees on the diplomatic list, holds monthly teas and sponsors an
annual event to raise money for needy organizations.
Several orphanages welcome volunteers, and local churches sponsor
various charity projects. The English-Speaking Women's club is open
to any English-speaking woman, regardless of nationality, and offers
an excellent opportunity to meet Hondurans, Americans, and women
from other countries. The club offers a monthly entertainment
program and a variety of classes such as oil painting, international
cooking, discussion groups, bridge, mahjong, book club, etc.
While there are frequent social functions and activities within
the U.S. Embassy community, the pace of your social life outside the
mission is determined by your willingness to reach out and your
ability and willingness to speak Spanish.
The United States Embassy Personnel Association (USEPA) operates
a small commissary in the Embassy, selling many regular household
items, snack foods, soft drinks, duty-free liquor and tobacco
products. USEPA will also organize bulk purchases from the U.S. for
discount prices. The organization also offers group rate memberships
to a local gym (Cybex Sport Center), which has weights, aerobics
classes, an indoor pool, basketball and raquetball courts. New USEPA
members are asked to pay a refundable membership fee of $100 for
singles and $200 for families. The fee will be fully reimbursed as
part of the check-out procedure when the employee leaves post. If a
member's commissary account exceeds his/her membership fee before
the end of the month, he/she will be asked to settle the bill within
two working days. At the end of the month all members are asked to
pay the balance of their commissary accounts.
Nature of Functions Last Updated: 4/9/2004 12:33 AM
U.S. mission members receive occasional invitations to official
and private receptions and cocktail parties. Attendance at these
functions is useful in establishing and maintaining working-level
contacts as well as social relationships.
Officers of all agencies should bring or have printed here a
minimum of 100 business cards. Cards and invitations may be printed
locally at a lower cost than in the U.S.
Standards of Social Conduct Last Updated: 4/9/2004 12:36 AM
Social conduct for Mission members is based on common courtesy.
All U.S. Government employees and their dependents are expected to
comply with local laws and regulations, avoiding any action that
could be interpreted as taking advantage of their diplomatic status.
Proper comportment assists in the maintenance of good relations
between the U.S. and Honduras. Remember that you represent the
United States of America, even when not performing your official
Protocol requirements vary among agencies and between agency
offices. Entry level officers and non-diplomatic (administrative and
technical staff) employees generally have fewer formal protocol
requirements. All American officers are expected to pay a formal
visit to the Ambassador and Deputy Chief of Mission as soon as
possible after arrival and immediately prior to their departure.
Invitations to host government receptions and other events often
arrive only a few days before the function. All employees are
expected to RSVP on any and all invitations that request such a
At official events hosted by the U.S. Ambassador, mission members
are expected to serve as co-hosts, arriving early, helping entertain
the invited guests and remaining until other guests have departed.
Such an event should be viewed as a work requirement as well as a
Hondurans normally send flowers or a small gift the first time
they are invited to your home. Reciprocal gifts are not expected,
but thank you notes are appropriate.
Special Information Last Updated: 4/9/2004 12:45 AM
Post Orientation Program
Employees receive an abridged tour of the Embassy during their
administrative check-in, followed by a more detailed orientation by
specific offices. The Regional Security Office briefs all new
employees upon entry and provides, a separate security briefing for
spouses and older dependents. The Health Unit presents individual
medical briefings for employees and dependents. The General Service
Office, Human Resources Office and other administrative offices
conduct person-specific orientations on the services they provide.
There are a number of post policy documents provided to newcomers,
e.g., the Post Housing Handbook and the local policy on the use of
official vehicles. Most of these ducuments are posted on the Embassy
web site, available on the State unclassified system at http://honduras.state.gov/.
The Community Liaison Office Coordinator provides a comprehensive
orientation packet for newcomers, assigns official and social
sponsors, assists with settling in activities, and conducts a wide
range of programs and activities that foster a sense of community
within the Mission. A formal post orientation program for employees
and their dependents is offered two times per year, typically in
conjuction with the Ambassador's regular town hall meetings.
Notes For Travelers
Getting to the Post Last Updated: 4/9/2004 1:25 PM
When the Embassy is notified of your assignment you will receive
a welcome cable with details for making your arrival and
accommodations as comfortable and problem-free as possible. If you
do not receive this information, or do not follow the suggested
advice, your move will be difficult and stressful. It is therefore
critical that newly-assigned employees advise the Human Resources
Office (HRO) or USAID Executive Office (USAID/EXO), as soon as
possible of their arrival plans. Closer to the actual date, incoming
employees should send a telegram confirming the date, time, and
flight number of their arrival. Include information on the number of
accompanying family members and family pets. In addition, you should
advise your official sponsor or the General Services Office of any
special needs that must be met in connection with your arrival.
A visa is not required for U.S. citizens staying less than 30
days; however, an official or diplomatic passport is mandatory for
each employee and family member. Permanently assigned employees and
family members will need to obtain a Honduran visa within 30 days of
arrival. The Management Office assists with obtaining this visa from
the Honduran government.
Almost all incoming personnel arrive by air at Tegucigalpa’s
Toncontin Airport. All people traveling to post on U.S.
government-financed tickets must comply with the Fly American Act,
using one of the two American carriers that have daily non-stop
flights into Honduras. American Airlines operates daily service from
Miami and Continental Airlines from Houston.
The following APO addresses are available to all
permanently-assigned, direct-hire American employees of the U.S.
government and their authorized family members. In some cases
U.S.-hire personal services contractors may also be eligible for APO
services. Foreign-hire employees, interns, other types of
contractors and temporary duty (TDY) employees are not eligible for
APO. Please confirm your eligibility with your parent agency prior
to mailing any letters or goods via the APO.
Name, Agency/Section Unit ____ , Box ___* APO AA 34022
*Contact your parent agency for the correct unit and box numbers
Note that 5 FAM 323(g) prohibits incoming employees from mailing
packages of household goods to circumvent the weight limits on their
air freight or surface freight shipments.
There are occasional delays in receiving luggage, especially when
planes are full or when the transit time in Miami or Houston was
short. It is a good idea to include in your carry-on bags a change
of clothing, toiletries, special medicines, etc. You should also
plan to hand-carry the following items to post: passports,
immunization records, original vehicle documents, insurance papers,
personal effects shipment inventories, personal checks, original
medical records, copies of wills and other legal documents,
prescriptions and prescription medications, school records and other
school enrollment materials, and original veterinary papers for all
accompanying pets. Finally, you should bring ten (10) ID-size photos
for each adult and two (2) for each child.
Driving to post from the U.S. is possible, but not recommended
for security reasons. If driving to post, you will need visas and
health cards for all countries transited or visited en route to
Honduras. An international driver’s license is recommended for
driving through Central America.
Personal effects shipments, including air freight, household
effects and personally-owned vehicles, should be marked as follows:
American Embassy Name of Employee, Name of Agency Tegucigalpa,
Customs, Duties, and Passage
Customs and Duties Last Updated: 11/21/2003 3:31 PM
The Embassy must receive permission from the Honduran government
for duty-free entry of unaccompanied air baggage (UAB), household
effects (HHE), and personally owned vehicles (POVs). The Honduran
Government permits direct hire personnel of all agencies duty-free
entry of their personal effects, provided they are imported for bona
fide personal use.
Incoming families must arrange for their personal effects to
arrive in Honduras no earlier than one month in advance of the
employee's arrival. Shipments that arrive too far in advance will
incur storage charges and may cause delays in the customs clearance
process. If your effects are shipped several months before your
anticipated arrival in Hondurans, your shipping instructions should
include a request for the effects to be held at ELSO Antwerp or the
US Despatch Agency in Miami until closer to your arrival date.
Personal belongings, including POVs, cannot be sold until 6
months prior to an employee’s transfer from post. A request to sell
personal property for more than $180 or the equivalent in lempiras
must be approved in advance by the Administrative Counselor.
Approved sales should be made at or below acquisition cost. Any
profit on the sale of goods may not be retained. The Embassy
normally approves the conversion of local currency into dollars to
accommodate the sale of personal property when the approval was
given in advance.
In addition to the above restrictions, POVs must be registered in
the country for 3 years prior to being sold, unless the employee
permanently transfers in less than 3 years or the vehicle is stolen
or involved in an accident that renders it unusable. Taxes must be
paid at the time of sale, unless the automobile is sold to someone
with duty-free privileges. This tax makes imported vehicles
expensive for purchase by Hondurans. The employee may need to
re-export the vehicle at the end of the tour.
UAB and HHE. Unaccompanied Air Baggage (UAB) takes from 2 to 4
weeks to arrive from the U.S. It should contain clothing and
household items to accommodate your family needs until your
Household Effects (HHE) arrive. In planning your UAB, be aware that
permanent housing is normally available prior to the arrival of the
If you mail items to post to be held for your arrival, it is
recommended that you send them insured through the APO scheduled to
arrive no more than 1 month before your arrival date. Check with
your agency to determine availability of storage space for goods
received in advance of your arrival. See Mail and Pouch for address
As this is a furnished Post for Department of State and USAID
personnel, only a limited HHE shipment is authorized. HHE arrives by
ship at Puerto Cortés on the Caribbean coast and trucked to
Tegucigalpa. Shipping services are regularly available from New
York, New Orleans, and Miami to Puerto Cortés.
Pets Last Updated: 6/2/2004 1:12 PM
If you are planning to bring a pet to post, you must check
airline restrictions on pet travel and make reservations well in
advance. All U.S. airlines now restrict pet travel during the summer
months. It is important to check and double-check that your pet is
still confirmed for travel on the date scheduled, and to have
alternate plans in the event your pet's travel is delayed. Detailed
information on pet travel is available at the Overseas Briefing
Center at the National Foreign Affairs Training Center, or by
visiting their web site at http://fsi.state.gov/fsi/tc/default.asp
If you bring your pet with you, you must have a health
certificate from a U.S. veterinarian, dated no earlier than 10 days
before your arrival, as well as proof of immunization against rabies
and parvo between six and twelve months prior to arrival. A Honduran
import permit must be presented to the airline when boarding in the
U.S. and to the Honduran customs authorities upon arrival in
Honduras. Your official sponsor will obtain this permit through a
Honduran veterinarian. Your sponsor will need fax copies of your
pet's U.S. health certificate, the photo page of your passport, and
information on the type/breed, color, sex, weight and age of your
pet. The cost of the import permit is approximately $50 per animal.
The document normally takes several days to obtain, so you should
provide the necessary information to your sponsor as soon as
possible after receiving the (10 day) U.S. veterinary certificate.
You may also arrange to ship your pet separately as air cargo,
but this is a more costly option. Arrangements on the U.S. side must
be made via a commercial pet shipper. In addition to providing the
above documentation, you must arrange for a local customs agent to
clear the pet upon arrival in Honduras. GSO can assist by providing
a list of reputable customs agents. There are additional fees for
the commercial U.S. shipper, the actual shipping costs and Honduran
All incoming pets are considered livestock by the Honduran
customs authorities. As such, they are subject to import fees. These
charges vary widely, depending on the breed and size of the animal.
The fees cannot be waived for diplomatic personnel.
Local veterinarian services are fair to good and pet food is
available in the commissary and other local stores.
While post does not discourage families from bringing pets, it is
the post's policy that the employee must assume personal
responsibility for all costs, including any damage to
government-leased residences and government-owned furnishings. As
part of the check-out process an employee must pay for complete
fumigation of the residence and any pet-related damages to the house
or its contents.
Firearms and Ammunition Last Updated: 4/9/2004 2:03 PM
The Ambassador must authorize in writing the importation,
possession, and transportation of personally-owned firearms by
official American employees and their dependents. Firearms may be
used for sport shooting and target practice in approved areas. This
Ambassador will not authorize the carrying of firearms outside of
the home for personal protection, nor will he/she allow the storage
of firearms within government offices. Only sport rifles and
shotguns will be authorized. Handguns and military-type weapons may
not be shipped to post.
Prior to arrival, employees who intend to ship firearms to post
must submit a written authorization request to the Ambassador
through the Regional Security Office or the USAID/EXO. Honduran law
requires permits for all personally owned firearms.
Mission personnel who import firearms must either export them at
time of departure or sell them to other U.S. mission personnel. The
sale or local purchase of any firearm must have the prior written
approval of the Ambassador.
If you are interested in importing a firearm, please request a
copy of the complete post firearms policy from the Post Regional
Security Officer (RSO).
Currency, Banking, and Weights and Measures Last Updated:
4/9/2004 2:14 PM
The official monetary unit is the lempira, named after a heroic
native chief who fought against the Spanish Conquistadors. Ten
lempiras is usually written as L 10 or 10 Lps. Lempiras are divided
into 100 centavos. Bills are issued in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10,
20, 50, 100, and 500 lempiras. Coins are issued in 1, 5, 10, 20 and
The Central Bank of Honduras regulates currency imports and
foreign exchange. For more than 70 years the official exchange rate
remained fixed at L2 = US$1. In 1990, as part of a major economic
restructuring program, the government of Honduras devalued the
lempira and it is now subject to periodic readjustment according to
the supply and demand for dollars and other economic factors. As of
this writing, the value of the lempira is L18 = US$1.
The official system of weights and measures is the metric system,
but the English system (pounds, gallons, etc.) is used most in
markets, shops, and gasoline stations. The old Spanish system (e.g.,
varas vs. meters) is used in some legal affairs. Most mechanics and
carpenters are familiar with U.S. weights and measures.
Payroll and Banking. All American direct-hire employees, civilian
and military, receive their salary payments via direct deposit to
their financial institutions from the appropriate finance center.
The Embassy cashier disburses cash and U.S. Treasury checks to
employees for travel advances and other payments.
Daily accommodation exchange is available to all personnel of all
agencies in the Embassy and USAID buildings. Local bank offices are
located in the respective buildings, and checks drawn on U.S. banks
may be exchanged for dollars or lempiras.
Employees needing to cash checks over $500 are asked to give 24
hours’ notice. Residential telephone bills may be paid at the bank
windows. You may establish a local lempira account or apply for
credit cards, payable in lempiras, at one of these two branch
Taxes, Exchange, and Sale of Property Last Updated: 4/9/2004 2:31
The Honduran Government issues tax exemption coupon booklets to
mission employees with duty-free privileges. However, the issuance
of these booklets is normally delayed for several months after
arrival. A few local merchants do not always honor them, and the
process for replenishing used books is cumbersome and bureaucratic.
By agreement with Texaco and the Honduran government, the Embassy
issues special gasoline tax exemption cards for use at selected
Texaco stations. The tax savings are substantial -- about one dollar
per gallon purchased.
Vehicles and other personal property must be imported for bona
fide personal use and cannot be shipped to Honduras solely with
intent to sell or transfer. Personal effects and household goods are
imported duty-free in accordance with privileges outlined in the
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic and Consular Relations.
Automobiles and personal effects imported duty-free may not be
sold until 6 months prior to an employee’s transfer from post.
Vehicles must be registered in Honduras for at least 2 years prior
to being sold. An exception can be made if an employee permanently
transfers in less than 2 years. In any event, taxes must be paid at
time of sale, unless it is sold to a diplomat or someone else with
Upon departure from post, the management counselor must approve
the sale of vehicles and personal property with an aggregate value
above US$180. Approved sales must be at or below the original
acquisition cost; any net profits must be donated to charity. The
Embassy will provide reverse accommodation exchange when large
amounts of local currency have been received for items sold just
prior to an employee's departure.
Recommended Reading Last Updated: 4/30/2002 6:00 PM
These titles are provided as a general indication of the material
published in this country. The Department of State does not endorse
Acker, Alison. Honduras: The Making of a Banana Republic. Boston:
South End Press, 1988.
American University. Foreign Area Studies. Area Handbook for
Honduras. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984.
Chamberlain, R.S. The Conquest and Colonization of Honduras.
Francisco Morazan, 1950.
Charnay, Desire. The Ancient Cities of the New World. Checchi:
AMS Press, Inc.,1973 Honduras: Greenwood Press, 1977.
Coe, Michael. The Maya. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1973.
Goetz and Morley. The Sacred Book of the Ancient Quiche Maya.
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981.
Karnes, Thomas L. The Failure of Union: Central America
1824-1975. Tempe: Arizona State University, 1976.
Karnes, Thomas L. Tropical Enterprises, The Standard Fruit and
Steamship Company in Latin America. Louisiana: Louisiana State
University Press, 1978.
Kepner and Soothill. The Banana Empire. Russell & Russell, 1963.
MacCameron, Robert. Bananas, Labor and Politics in Honduras
(1954- 1963). New York: Maxwell School, Syracuse University Press:
MacLeod, Murdo J. Spanish Central America: A Socioenonomic
History, 1520-1720. California: University of California Press,
McCann, Thomas. An American Company: The Tragedy of United Fruit.
New York: Crown, 1976.
Peckenham, Nancy and Street, Annie. Honduras: Portrait of a
Captive Nation. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1985.
Rosenberg, Mark B. and Shepherd, Philip L. Honduras Confronts Its
Future. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 1986.
Thompson, J. Eric. The Rise and Fall of Maya Civilization.
Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1977.
Williams, Mary. Anglo-American Isthmian Diplomacy 1815-1915.
Russell & Russell, Inc., 1965.
Fiction and Travelogs Bard, Samual A. Waikna. Adventures on the
Mosquito Shore. Florida: University of Florida Press, 1965.
Carr, Albert H.Z. The World and William Walker. New York: Harper
& Row, 1963.
O’Henry. Cabbages and Kings. Doubleday & Co., Inc., 1953.
Parker, Franklin D. Travels in Central America 1821-1840.
Florida: University of Florida Press, 1970.
These and other books are in the National Foreign Affairs
Training Center (NFATC) library.
Useful Internet Sites http://travel.state.gov/honduras.html
www.hondurastips.honduras.com http://www.zamorano.edu.hn/ http://www.geology.utoledo.edu/research/latin-am/hal.htm
www.usinfo.state.gov www.hondurasinfo.hn www.roatanet.com http://www.users.ticnet/com/dlb/
Local Holidays Last Updated: 4/9/2004 2:41 PM
The Embassy is closed on the following American and Honduran
holidays. Note that Honduran holidays falling in the middle of the
work week are normally observed on the following Monday. For the
past two years the government of Honduras has exchanged local
holidays from elsewhere on the calendar for the first few days of
Easter week, allowing employees to take the entire week off. Due to
minimal operation of facilities and heavy air traffic, it is
recommended that travel be avoided during major holiday seasons.
New Year’s Day (A&H) January 1 Martin Luther King’s Birthday (A)
Third Monday in January President's Day (A) Third Monday in February
Holy Thursday (H) Thursday before Easter Good Friday (H) Friday
before Easter Day of the Americas (H) April 14 Honduran Labor Day
(H) May 1 Memorial Day (A) Last Monday in May American Independence
Day (A) July 4 American Labor Day (A) First Monday in September
Central American Independence Day (H) September 15 Francisco
Morazan’s Birthday (H) October 3 Columbus Day (A) Second Monday in
October Discovery of America (H) October 12 Armed Forces Day (H)
October 21 Veterans Day (A) November 11 Thanksgiving Day (A)
November 22 Christmas Day (A&H) December 25