|Preface Last Updated: 9/29/2005
Tanzania’s history is diverse and covers periods of Portuguese
exploration, Arab domination, German colonization, British
administration under a League of Nations mandate, and UN
Trusteeship. Tanganyika gained independence in 1961, and in 1964,
Zanzibar, also independent, united with the mainland to become the
United Republic of Tanzania.
For over twenty years following the 1967 Arusha Declaration,
Tanzania followed a policy of socialism and self-reliance. The past
few years have seen significant changes. The United Republic has
played an active role in efforts to bring independence and majority
rule in southern Africa. Because of Tanzania’s past prominence in
regional and international affairs and its stability and role as an
honest broker in surrounding conflicts, Dar es Salaam is an active
A hot climate, changing economic conditions, the world-wide
terrorist threat and health risks offer challenges for personnel
assigned to Dar es Salaam, but a tour of duty here can be rewarding
and enjoyable. Tanzania offers warm and friendly people, magnificent
mountain scenery, the superb seashore, the finest wild game
preserves on earth, excellent game fishing, scuba diving, and many
other water sports.
Under German rule, Dar es Salaam became the capital of Tanganyika
in 1894. The Germans designed a spacious city plan, began to develop
the natural harbor as a port, and constructed many public buildings
that are still in use. On the north side of the harbor are
tree-lined streets, a botanical garden, and a museum. The
President’s office and most government buildings are in this area.
At the end of World War I, the League of Nations mandated that
Tanganyika became a territory under British rule. Between wars, Dar
es Salaam developed slowly. But after World War II, the city
developed rapidly and great population growth brought wealth to the
Since the 1979 war with Uganda, and as foreign exchange problems
have become acute, the city has deteriorated sharply. Streets are
poorly maintained. The prices of luxury items and basic commodities
have risen astronomically in the last five years. Crime has
increased with the shortage of commodities and seemingly intractable
The Host Country
Area, Geography, and Climate Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:51 AM
Tanzania, the second largest country in East Africa, is just
south of the Equator. The mainland stretches from north to south for
740 miles and from east to west for 760 miles with a 500-mile
coastline on the Indian Ocean. It shares borders with Kenya, Uganda,
Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi, and
Mozambique. Including the islands of Unguja and Pemba that make up
Zanzibar, Tanzania's total area is 362,820 square miles (with 20,600
square miles of lakes), equal to the area of Texas and New Mexico.
The coastal strip is tropical with high humidity; temperatures range
from 80°F–95°F. The country’s annual rainfall averages 65 inches.
The central plateau (altitude 3,000–4,000 feet; rainfall 2–30
inches), which covers much of the country, is hot and dry. The
semi-temperate highlands (up to 6,000 feet; rainfall 40–100 inches)
are fertile and cool. The islands of Zanzibar (rainfall 60-75
inches), 25 miles off the coast, are tropical and humid.
Tanzania has two rainy and two dry seasons. During the long
rains, from March through May, heavy downpours can occur daily
(though it is not unusual to have as many as 2-3 days of sunny,
pleasant weather between showers). The short rains come in November
and December. Temperatures and humidity are high from November to
April, and surface winds are moderate. June through September is
pleasant and generally mild.
Another weather phenomenon are the monsoon winds, or tradewinds,
which blow in different directions during the year. From April to
November, the winds can be quite cool. They also negatively impact
the ocean temperature and the visibility for those who like to
snorkel and dive.
Mildew and rust are constant problems.
Population Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:53 AM
Tanzania's population is about 34.4 million; 97% are of African
origin. Tanzania has more than 120 tribes; principal tribes are the
Sukuma, Nyamwezi, Waha, Makonde, Gogo, Haya, Chagga, Hehe, and
Nyakyusa. These agricultural peoples migrated to Tanzania in the
last 2,000 years. A small part of the population is made up of
peoples of Nilotic origin. The Masai, the best known group, are
nomadic livestock keepers.
The national language is Swahili, however, each tribe has its own
language, often related to other Bantu languages. Swahili is a Bantu
language with strong Arabic, Portuguese and some English influences.
English is widely used in government, commerce and for all education
above the primary level, although the level of English has fallen
sharply in recent years.
About 275,000 Tanzanians trace their ancestry to the Indian
subcontinent and southwest Asia. Its traders came to East Africa
during the last 3 centuries, but mostly since 1900. Arab immigrants
and people claiming Persian origin have migrated to East Africa for
1,000 years; this group has almost been assimilated into the African
population. Several thousand Western expatriates live in Tanzania as
missionaries, technical experts, business people or farmers.
Tanzania's first residents were animists. Their practices and
rituals included ancestor worship and belief in the unity of the
dead and living. The first Arab traders were Islamic, and Islam is
the religion of over one-third of the population. Christian
missionaries first arrived in the mid-19th century. Today about
one-third of the population is Christian. The remainder practice
traditional religions, and members of all faiths continue to share
many traditional beliefs, such as ancestor worship. A sizable
percentage of the Asian minority is Hindu.
Public Institutions Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:54 AM
Tanzania is a republic, with a multi-party system. The
Revolutionary Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi in Swahili, or CCM) is the
ruling party and it was formed in February 1977, with the merger of
the mainland's Tanganyika African National Union and the Afro-Shirazi
party of Zanzibar. The Government of Tanzania legalized additional
political parties in May 1992 by amending the Constitution and
creating the Political Parties Act of 1992, in time for the first
multiparty elections in 1995. To date there are 18 fully registered
political parties including CCM, who are fully registered under the
Act. In order to be considered for registration, all these parties
have to have members from both mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar.
All major posts in Government and civil service are held by
Tanzanian citizens. Foreign expatriate employees serve as advisers
or technicians in fields for which Tanzanians are not yet trained.
The government's policy is to gradually replace these expatriates
with Tanzanian citizens.
The National Assembly has 295 members. 231 members elected from
number of constituencies. 48 women members elected by political
parties. 5 members elected by the Zanzibar House of Representatives,
the Attorney General, and 10 members appointed by the President.
National Assembly actions are valid for Zanzibar only in
specifically designated Union matters. Zanzibar's own 78- member
House of Representatives has jurisdiction over all non-Union
matters. Representatives of the House are comprised of CCM, which
has 64 seats inclusive of 10 extra seats that the Zanzibar
constitution has allowed President Amani Abeid Karume (although at
present, only 7 of those seats are filled): 12 special women's seats
and 5 for ex-officio members (Zanzibari Regional Commissioners), and
1 for the Attorney General of Zanzibar. CUF, the main opposition
party, has 14 seats inclusive of 3 special women's seats.
The President of Tanzania appoints judges of the Court of Appeal
and also the judges of the High Court. The President also appoints
the Chief Justice who becomes the Head of the Court of Appeal and
the Chief of the Judiciary. One of the High Court Judges is also
appointed to become the Principal Judge. The other judges of Appeal
are appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief
The President also appoints Judges to the High Court after
consultation with the Judicial Services Commission, which is
comprised of the Chief Justice as Chairman, the Attorney General, a
Judge of the Court of Appeal, the Principal Judge of the High Court,
and two other members appointed by the President. The Judicial
Services Commission appoints Magistrates and other Judicial
Military courts do not try civilians and no security courts
exist. The government offers free legal counsel to defendants
charged with treason or murder. In Dar es Salaam, free legal counsel
is also provided to some indigent defendants by lawyers affiliated
with the Tanzania Bar Association, the Legal Aid Society, and the
Women's Legal Aid Center.
Zanzibar, comprised of the islands of Unguja and Pemba, united
with mainland Tanganyika in 1964 to form the United Republic of
Tanzania. Despite the Union, Zanzibar retains considerable
self-government. Foreign affairs and defense are considered Union
matters. Following the 1964 revolution, Zanzibar experienced bloody
purges and expulsions and a severely repressive, arbitrary regime.
The first popular election did not take place until 1981. The
adoption of a 1984 Isles Constitution however, brought with it a
number of reforms. The new constitution includes a Bill of Rights,
provides for the popular election of the President in a multiparty
election, and that a two-thirds majority of the Zanzibar House of
Representatives must be directly elected by the people. The new
constitution also brought Zanzibar's judiciary into conformity with
that of the mainland and did away with the former system of people's
courts in which legal representation was denied and judges had no
Amongst the nongovernmental organizations active in Tanzania are
the Red Cross; the YMCA and the YWCA; the Tanzanian Chamber of
Commerce, Industry, and Agriculture; the Confederation of Tanzania
Industries; the Rotary Club; the Lions Club; the Christian Council;
and the World Vision. Caritas, the Salvation Army, the Catholic
Relief Services, Plan International, the Africa Wildlife Fund, the
World Wildlife Fund, and AMREF are also present.
Arts, Science, and Education Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:56 AM
Art in Tanzania is a developing industry. Art education is only
practiced at University of Dar es Salaam’s Fine and Performing Arts
department, the Bagamoyo College of Arts, and at other organizations
but not as disciplines. Music is taught at the Dhow Countries Music
Academy in Zanzibar, at the Bagamoyo College of Arts, and in
private. There are many local bands and musicians, artists and
handicraft makers. Most of these skills are handed down in families
or gained from learning on the job.
In Dar es Salaam a few places to see the art of Tanzania include:
the Mwenge [Makonde] Carver’s Market, the National Museum and the
Village Museum, The Slipway Flea Market, the Wasanii Art Centre at
Slipway, Oysterbay Tinga Tinga Art gallery, Nyumba ya Sanaa, and
other smaller local galleries. In Zanzibar, art can be viewed
historical places around Forodhani, and in Tanga at the Amboni
Caves. Bagamoyo has a number of sites to see art collections as
well. There are art exhibitions and craft sales throughout the year
at different venues.
The film industry in Tanzania is in its infancy. There are only a
few feature films and a number of documentaries that have been made,
most of them in Kiswahili. For foreign programs, there are film
festivals and cultural presentations by various embassies. The New
World Cinema is currently the only cinema. There are several TV,
video and cable companies. The University of Dar es Salaam, The Dar
es Salaam Players Little Theatre, and local schools sometimes have
plays during the year.
Tanzania has a mixture of government and privately-owned media.
Many have sprung up since the advent of multi-party politics. Print
media: There are approximately 12 dailies (6 in English), 35
weeklies and 10 periodicals. Broadcast Stations: There are
approximately 14 radio, 10 television, 15 cable and video studios.
In addition there are 3 national news agencies, 32 printing and
publishing houses, and various media training institutions,
advertising agencies, internet service providers and cell phone
Tanzania is one of the world’s best known areas for field work in
paleontology and zoology. The traveler can visit the site of the
famous Leakey discoveries at Olduvai and browse through the tiny
museum. Jane Goodall's work with chimpanzees at Gombe National Park
is well known. A number of Americans come to Tanzania every year to
do other extensive fieldwork in wildlife studies, environmental
studies, anthropology, history, health and medicine, comparative
politics and literature (traditional languages and stories).
Researchers work with universities, NGOs, and private research
institutions after obtaining research clearance from the Tanzania
Commission on Science and Technology.
Tanzania has made an effort to improve its education system, but
as of 2002 the literacy rate was only at 67%. The national system
follows the 7-4-2 system for primary and secondary education. All
government schools follow the national system. There are several
private kindergarten, primary and secondary schools. Many of them
follow the national curriculum but a few follow the Cambridge or IB
system. Approximately 12% of primary school students make it into
secondary school. Less than that make it into university.
The major higher education institutions and their web site
addresses, if available, are as follows:
1) University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, www.udsm.ac.tz,
offers arts and social sciences, commerce and management, sciences,
education, aquatic sciences and technology, law and engineering. In
addition, there are institutes of development studies, Kiswahili
research, resource assessment and marine sciences. There are two
associated colleges, Muhimbili University College of Health
Sciences, www.muchs.ac.tz, for dentistry, medicine, nursing,
pharmacy, allied health sciences, public health, primary health
care, health education and traditional medicine, and University
College of Land and Architectural Studies, for land and
environmental engineering, architecture and planning, human
settlement studies and geo-information;
2) Mzumbe University in Morogoro offers degrees in economics,
business management, public administration, local government,
economic planning, accountancy and financial management;
3) Open University of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, www.tanzania.go.tz/out.htm,
offers courses via distance learning;
4) Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, www.suanet.ac.tz,
offers degrees in agriculture, agronomy, home economics and human
nutrition, horticulture, animal science, food science and
technology, agricultural engineering, agricultural extension and
education, agricultural economics and agribusiness, wildlife
management, veterinary medicine and environmental sciences;
5) State University of Zanzibar, Zanzibar, offers degrees in
languages, law and business administration and education;
6) Institute of Finance Management, Dar es Salaam offers degrees in
finance and management;
7) College of African Wildlife Management, Moshi,
8) Karume Technical College, Zanzibar;
9) Tumaini University has four campuses: a) Iringa University
College - Tumaini University, Iringa, www.tumaini.com, offers
degrees in journalism, business administration, theology and
agriculture, b) Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College of Tumaini
University, Moshi, www.kcmc.ac.tz, offers degrees in nursing,
prosthetics and orthetics, medicine, pubic health and urology, c)
Makumira University College, Moshi http://www.makumira.ac.tz/ offers
degrees in theology and divinity and d) Tumaini University in Dar es
Salaam offers general studies; and
10) St. Augustine University of Tanzania offers degrees in mass
communication and business administration.
Commerce and Industry Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:57 AM
Restructuring and Privatization of Parastatals
Up to March 2003, 266 parastatals were privatized including 47
that were placed under LART. Among the privatized parastatals, 134
were 100% acquired by Tanzanians and 16 paratastals were 100%
acquired by foreigners, and 116 were privatised through joint
venture between local and foreign investors. Among the privatised
companies sold to Tanzanians, 16 were sold to the employees of the
respective companies through management buyout. In addition, 265
non-core companies were sold.
In 2002, emphasis was made on preparing strategies to privatise
or rehabilitate the infrastructure of service companies including
DAWASA, ATC, TANESCO, THA, TRC, NIC and NMB. Up to February 2003,
the government managed to privatise Air Tanzania Corporation on
joint venture basis and DAWASA on lease Agreement System.
Tanzania opened a Stock Exchange with two local companies listed;
now there are six companies and the public is able to buy and sell
The World Bank, Sweden, Netherlands, European Union, Germany, and
Denmark provide more than 60% of Tanzania's donor assistance. The
USAID assistance to Tanzania is active in the sectors of private
enterprise development, democracy and government environmental
conservation and health (family planning and HIV/AIDS control).
Peace Corps volunteers are active in Tanzania. Their projects
cover a wide range of activities including wildlife management,
teaching, forestry, and agricultural mechanics.
The Mining Sector
Minerals are exploited only on the mainland. Diamond production from
the mines near Shinyanga declined considerably since the 1967 peak
of 998,000 carats. The deposits are owned by the government and
private business. Dr. John Thoburn Williams a Canadian discovered
Williamson in 1940. The mine has been exchanging hands since 1958
and the government acquiring 75% of the shares up to 1993. In 1994
the DeBeers group purchased the government share leaving it with 25%
to date. Production at the Williamson mine increased substantially
in 1999 and 2000 owing to the reprocessing of old tailings. In 2000,
the mine produced 317,000 carats valued at $46 millions. The Diamond
Resources estimated to be 6.5 million carats.
In 2002, the mining sector grew by 15.0 percent compared to 13.5%
in 2001. The contribution of the mining sector to the Gross Domestic
Product in 2002, increased to 2.7% compared to 2.5% in 2001. The
mining sector expected to contribute significantly in medium and
long term in the increasing employment opportunities, additional
revenue to the government, facilitating the manufacturing sector,
enhancing availability of foreign exchange, and contributing towards
Other important mineral products are gold, nickel, copper, natural
gas, coal and salt, Tanzanite, a gemstone unique to Tanzania other
The composition of GDP is such that, agricultural sector accounts
for around 50.0%, followed by trade sector which accounts for around
16.0%. Financial and business services rank third at the tune of
10.0%, followed by the industrial sector by around 8.0%. The mining
sector has been contributing around 2.0%, but there is a bright
future for the sector as foreign investments continue to flow in. It
is apparent that in the near future the sector will record a
significant proportion of GDP.
With regard to sectoral growth in 2002, the agriculture sector grew
by 5.0%, which was below the sector growth of 5.5% in 2001. The main
contribution to the sector growth in 2002 was from growth of the
sub- sectors of livestock (3.5%) forestry and hunting (3.0%) and
fisheries (6.5%). The sub- sector of agricultural crops production,
which is the main contributor, grew by 6.2% in 2002 being below the
growth of 7.3% in 2001.
During the 2002, the manufacturing sector had significant
achievement whereby the sector grew by 8.0% as compared to the 5.0%
in 2001. The rehabilitation of some industries and increase of
production and productivity are among the causes of this growth.
Communications and Transport
During 2002, transport and communications sector grew by 6.4% 2002
compared to 6.3% in 2001. This level of growth shows that the sector
is increasingly becoming stable as most of the telecommunication
subsector, road haulage, and airfreight currently owned and managed
by the private sector. This phenomenon has contributed to the GDP
growth from to 5.4% in 2001 to 5.5% 2002.
Transportation Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:57 AM
Transportation can be a source of entertainment in Dar es Salaam
and throughout the country. Depending on the time of year, the state
of the roads can range from good to passable to abominable (with the
worst conditions usually follow the rainy season). Pot holes can
grow overnight. Vehicles with four wheel drive and a high clearance
are strongly encourage.
Automobiles Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:43 AM
Driving is on the left-hand side. Left-hand drive vehicles are
allowed, but for safety and maintenance upkeep, one should purchase
right-hand drive vehicles. Both new and used right-hand drive
vehicles are available in Dar es Salaam. Post strongly recommends
purchasing a rugged, fuel-efficient four-wheel-drive vehicle.
Vehicles should have high clearance, special heavy-duty suspension
and tires. The rutted, pot-holed, paved, and dirt roads in the city
and countryside are hazardous for low-slung cars.
Diplomatic-list Mission personnel may import two duty-free
vehicles. All other Mission personnel may import one duty-free
vehicle within the first 12 months of their arrival at post. The
only fee charged is a Tshs 20,000 ($25) fee for license plates.
Contact the administrative officer of your respective agency before
purchasing or shipping a vehicle to post. A local driver's license
is required for Mission employees. To acquire the local license you
must have two black-and-white passport-sized photographs, a copy of
your current U.S. driver's license, or an International driver's
license. A fee of Tshs 500 is charged for the binder for the
Official vehicles or transportation to and from work are provided
for the Ambassador, DCM, and the USAID director. Transportation to
and from work is available at a nominal fee for those awaiting
arrival of their vehicles. Many employees purchase used vehicles
locally. Newly assigned personnel may wish to determine if departing
Mission personnel will sell their vehicle. If you desire to purchase
a new vehicle, the following heavy duty suspension vehicles are
recommended: Land Rover, Toyota Landcruiser, RAV 4 or Hi-Lux (double
cabin) pick-up, Mitsubishi Pajero (marketed in the United States as
the Montero), Isuzu Trooper, Nissan Patrol, Suzuki, or Daihatsu
jeep-type vehicles. Dealerships are available for all of these
vehicles but they may not have needed spare parts in stock. Average
delivery time for vehicles ordered through these dealers is 2 months
if ordered from Japan, or 30 days or less if ordered from bonded
stock. General Motors (Kenya) LTD, assembles the Isuzu Trooper in
neighboring Kenya. Isuzu's local dealer is Dunhill Motors, and you
can order in country. Reconditioned Japanese vehicles can also be
imported at lower costs. U.S. makes are not recommended due to
Parts for American cars are not available, and service facilities
for all makes of whatever country of origin are inadequate. Import
parts regardless of the car's country of origin. Most spae parts are
available for the recommended vehicles, but the supply is not
consistent. If you are bringing a car with you from the US, bring
spare parts with you, or locate a supplier before you depart who
will be able to send you any needed parts.
All vehicles must carry third-party-liability insurance that
costs approximately $55 locally (Tshs.50,000 ) per year. This must
be obtained from a local insurance company. Comprehensive insurance
is available from a local insurance company, as well, although it
may be obtained from an American company, should you prefer.
Only leaded gasoline, commonly referred to as petrol, is
available at this time in Tanzania. Diesel fuel is plentiful and in
some locales may be more readily available than gasoline. Current
prices are Tshs 1,120 ($1) per liter for petrol fuel and Tshs 800 -
880 ($ 0.85) per liter for diesel fuel. This is the duty free/vat
free price. Fuel is available from an Embassy fuel station, and from
two BP stations in town.
The absence of unleaded fuel at post means that catalytic
converters will be destroyed unless removed. Local technical skills
may be limited, especially if your converter uses sensors feeding a
central computer chip in your ignition control system. Post
recommends that you remove the catalytic converter at your current
post or in the U.S., and that you store the converter and controls,
so that you have the option of restoring it later. Alternatively,
some owners have simply left the converter in place and driven with
the leaded fuel. While this will disable the converter and your car
will continue to run, you will not be able to take the car back to
the U.S. Another option is to make arrangements to have the
converter removed after arrival at Post, this is an employee expense
and can not be claimed on your travel voucher.
Local Transportation Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:59 AM
Use of locally operated vans or mini-buses, known as dala-dalas,
is strongly discouraged. These vehicles are mostly overcrowded,
poorly maintained and targets for petty thieves. American Embassy
staff generally do not use buses. Bus service is available in and
around Dar es Salaam and upcountry, but schedules are not kept and
routes are inadequate. Many buses are crowded, and unsafe.
Somewhat more reliable, taxis are available 24 hours daily at a
few locations, including the Royal Palm Hotel and the Seacliff
Hotel. Drivers charge flat rates per trip. Agree on the rate in
advance. If you do not, you will arrive at your destination and have
to pay a price on demand as taxi drivers will try to take advantage
of the passenger's ignorance of taxi fees. The Security Office
discourages the use of taxis for safety reasons.
If airport-to-hotel or hotel-to-airport service is needed, the
Embassy travel agent can arrange for car/minibus pick-up and
delivery for $20 one way. The American Embassy Recreation
Association of Dar es Salaam (AERA) will provide after hours
restaurant and shopping transportation services between 1600 and
2300 weeknights and from 0900 to 2000 on weekends and holidays at a
nominal fee. Car rental may be an option if you are familiar with
the roads and with driving on the left side of the road. However,
car rental should not be attempted if you have no such experience!
Regional Transportation Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:59 AM
From the Dar es Salaam International Airport, flights are
available to several points in Europe and East Africa. At least one
European airline is scheduled almost every day between Dar es Salaam
and various European cities. Flights and connections to African
locations are fewer and less convenient; most are via Nairobi or
Johannesburg. Air Tanzania provides domestic and some regional
service, but due to overbooking and maintenance problems, delays and
cancellation of flights are common.
Dar es Salaam is the ocean terminus of the railway that runs 900
miles to Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika, and to Mwanza on Lake Victoria.
Full train service with sleeping and dining cars runs daily, but
there are sometimes lengthy delays and occasional derailments. The
Chinese-built Ihara Railway, or TAZARA, as it is more commonly
known, running 1,000 miles from Dar es Salaam to New Kapri-Mposhi,
Zambia, began passenger service in October 1975 and now operates
four round-trips weekly. Facilities on passenger trains are far
below American standards, but a trip can be a unique experience for
those looking for adventure. The railway is not well used by the
diplomatic community due to its lengthy delays and inconsistent
Tanzania has 9,500 kilometers of roads, only 2,600 kilometers of
which are paved. Many are badly deteriorated but an extensive World
Bank integrated roads program is beginning to reverse that trend.
One main paved 483-mile road runs between Dodoma and Dar es Salaam.
This road connects with the main road system in Tanzania and East
Africa and provide connections to Tanga, Arusha, Nairobi, and Mbeya,
among other locations. It is not recommended that one drive at night
outside Dar es Salaam even on good roads.
Communications Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:59 AM
Communication technologies in Tanzania are slowly developing;
however, they are nowhere near what can be found in other African
countries. Telephone lines are occasionally down, and mobile
telephone services not always continual. The Internet service is
very slow but fairly reliable, although providers are frequently
over-subscribed. Still, the infrastructure exists and the demand is
there; it is just a matter of being able to meet the demand with
Telephones and Telecommunications Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:16 AM
Tanzania has local, long-distance, and international telephone
service. Direct dialing of international calls is available. A
station to station call to the U.S. in 2005 cost about $1.70 per
minute but rates are soon t be approximately .75 per minute.
The monthly rental rate for telephone lines is $3.50 per month
plus the cost of each call. Local calls are billed at the rate of
$0.02 per minute. Long-distance calls are billed at the rate of
$0.04 per minute to $0.24 per minute, depending on the distance.
Telephone charges are the employee's responsibility. Residential
bills are not itemized. It is recommended that home telephones have
a password installed to prevent unauthorized usage of the line, as
wire tapping is commonplace. Telephone service is quite erratic;
outages of telephone service occur frequently.
See the Wireless Service section for more information on cellular
The Embassy has 6 IVG lines. The lines are first and foremost for
business-related phone calls to other posts, and to Washington.
After-hours and on weekends, the line may be used for personal phone
calls. The line calls to Washington and the surrounding area for no
cost; calls to the rest of the U.S. can be made using a long
distance calling company or phone cards. Be sure to bring calling
cards with you to post.
VHF radios are provided for all employees for emergency
communications. Post recommends employees carry their radios with
them at all times.
Wireless Service Last Updated: 9/29/2005 10:00 AM
Post supplies cell phones to direct hire employees for
business-related phone calls. Personal phone calls made on the
phones are the responsibility of the employee. Generally, cell
phones purchased in the U.S. will not work in Tanzania. If the cell
phone is "international", SIMM cards are readily avialable.
Pay-as-you-go cell phone service is also available.
The cell phones themselves are fairly priced; phones found in
Europe and in the U.S. are usually more expensive, but may offer a
wider selection and/or more features.
Cellular phone bills are itemized. The prices for cellular phone
calls in 2003 are as follows:
A cellular call to the U.S. is billed at the rate of $1.70 per
off-peak minute, and $1.80 per peak minute.
A call from cell phone to cell phone within Tanzania is billed at
the rate of $0.17 - $0.20 per off-peak minute to $0.30 per peak
A call from cell phone to landline within Tanzania is billed at the
rate of $0.11 per off-peak minute to $0.25 per peak minute.
Cellular service is very reliable and available almost continuously
throughout the country. Post recommends employees carry their cell
phones with them at all times.
Internet Last Updated: 9/29/2005 10:01 AM
Post provides wireless internet service to all residences. The
service can be unreliable at times, with access speed varying, but
generally service is continuous.
The embassy has OpenNet Plus, which allows Internet access from
individual workstations. OpenNet Plus service is very reliable.
Access to certain websites is restricted.
Mail and Pouch Last Updated: 9/29/2005 10:02 AM
Authorized personnel are encouraged to use pouch facilities for
both personal mail and packages as specified by Department of State
regulations. The post receives two air pouches a week from
Washington, D.C. International mail generall takes 10 - 14 days for
First Class mail. Pouch mail can take between 17 to 24 days. The
post receives surface-to-air pouches from the Department for
personal packages and periodicals; inbound mail should not exceed
overall measurements of 17 x 18 x 32 inches, and not weigh over 50
The mailing addresses are:
State, DAO and CDC personnel
Department of State
2140 Dar es Salaam Place
2140 Dar es Salaam Place
(Name) 2140 Dar es Salaam Place, Dulles, VA 20189-2140
Radio and TV Last Updated: 9/29/2005 10:02 AM
Tanzania mainland has 31 independent radio stations which
broadcast locally in Kiswahili and in English on medium-wave,
short-wave and FM (stereo/monophonic). Others broadcast in Kiswahili
only. Programs consist of music, news, and special features. A good
shortwave receiver can pick up stations from Europe and the U.S., as
well as Nairobi. Schedules for Voice of America broadcasts are
available on the website: http://www.ibb.gov or http://www.voanews.com/.
Post recommends you bring a good quality short-wave radio with you.
They are occasionally available locally, but for a high price.
The Government of Tanzania (GOT) owns 2 radio stations, both located
on mainland. One broadcasts in both Kiswahili and in English, and
the other in Kiswahili only. The GOT also owns a television station
which recently joined with its radio counterpart to form "Taasisi ya
Utangazaji (TUT)" (meaning "Tanzania Broadcasting Services (TBS)".
Both the radio and television stations cover the whole country. The
television station is up-linked to a satellite.
In Tanzania, there are 11 private television stations, 17 cable
stations, 21 cable television operators, and 17 television
operators, all on the mainland. Four stations are up-linked to
satellite, which can then be downloaded all around the country and
abroad. A good antenna is required to pick up these stations.
Standard U.S. televisions cannot use the signal; one must use a
multi-system set. The television signal in Tanzania is UHF/VHF, Pal
I. Direct TV (satellite) reception is also available.
The Government of Zanzibar runs 1 medium-wave and 2 FM radio
stations and 1 television station. One FM radio station is a BBC
affiliate. Discussions are in progress with VOA and PAS officials to
have the other FM radio station become a VOA affiliate.
Post has an embassy television system with downloads AFN and
Multi-Choice DSTV which is then distributed to various offices. Post
provides AFN satellite decoders and dishes for all resident homes.
Mission VHF radio net operations will be explained to all official
newcomers upon arrival to post.
The American Club rents recent release DVDs to its members.
Electrical current in Tanzania is 220-240v 50-Hz. Random power
surges and outages are frequent. Bring protectors or uninterruptible
power supply cables (UPS) for computers and other sensitive
equipment. See the Utilities and Equipment section for more
information on the electric current in Tanzania.
Newspapers, Magazines, and Technical Journals Last Updated:
9/29/2005 8:45 AM
There are five daily English-language newspapers, which cover
world events, as well as local news. There are also 6
English-language weeklies available in Dar es Salaam. There are 8
daily and 11 Kiswahili weekly newspapers.
The International Herald Tribune is available by postal
subscriptions for about $650 per year. It arrives at least 4 days
after publication (street vendors frequently have it within 2 days
of publications at about $4 per copy). The Kenya Daily Nation is
available on the day of publication and is sold for Tshs 1,000 per
Local bookstores carry many international magazines and
paperbacks but they are expensive. Current issues of periodicals
from the region are also frequently available from the street
vendors. The Embassy receives the International Herald Tribune,
Time, Newsweek, U.S. News and World Report and the Economist. USAID
also receives several international and regional magazines and
The Dar es Salaam Public Library has an aging collection of books
for children and adults. The British Council has a very good
collection of books. At the Embassy, the Community Liaison Office
maintains a limited lending library. It includes travel books, some
novels, brochures and catalogs. The CLO also has an East Africa
Library, which includes books about the history of the region,
religious development, economic and cultural topics, and a number of
travel and coffeetable books, as well as film documentaries about
The Mission Information Resource Center (IRC) is designed to meet
the needs of professionals in the fields of economics, international
affairs, management, business, journalism, social sciences,
technology, education, history, and communications. The IRC is open
to the general public.
Health and Medicine Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:33 AM
The Medical Unit is part of the overseas health maintenance
system. It is the Embassy's primary resource for health care. Its
mission is to promote health care and facilitate secondary and
tertiary care to all mission personnel and their families. It is
equipped to handle minor trauma and simple minor surgery procedures.
It is not a hospital, but in most types of emergencies a patient can
be cared for until an evacuation can be arranged to a facility
outside of Tanzania, where more capable facilities are available. It
has no X-ray, but has a laboratory where 97% of our routine tests
needed for basic primary care can be performed. A pharmacy is
located in the Unit, stocked with limited quantities and types of
The Medical Unit is located on the ground floor of the Embassy,
just off the atrium. The current staff includes a physician, a
British nurse, one US-registered RN, and one laboratory technician.
Dr. Soter da Silva is the physician and Post Medical Advisor. He has
been working with the Embassy for 22 years. Audrey Yohani is a
British RN, and Vincent Ndowo is the Tanzanian laboratory
technician. Both have more than 10 years service with the Embassy.
All are full time employees of the Embassy.
Clinic hours are 0730 to 1700 Monday to Thursday and 0730 to 1130
on Friday. The Medical Unit has a 24/7 on call schedule. After hours
on call are shared between the physician and the nurse as per the on
call duty roster.
The Regional Medical Officer, Regional Medical Psychiatrist and
Regional FSNP (Foreign Service Nurse Practitioner) are all stationed
in Nairobi. The RMO and the RMO/Psychiatrist visit post two to three
times a year. We also have a Regional Medical Technologist, base in
Cairo who visits post twice a year to keep track of our laboratory
services. Nairobi or Pretoria are our designated Medical evacuation
points, but at the decision of the RMO and M/MED you could be
evacuated to London or Washington DC.
No charges are made for the medical services that are rendered to
official Americans in the Medical Unit, but there may be a charge
for the radiology tests and laboratory tests performed in other
medical facilities in Dar es Salaam or elsewhere. You would be
notified if this happens.
Besides acute care, health care and disease prevention, the
Medical Unit works with Occupational Safety administrator on Health
care maintenance (e.g. food and water safety, HIV/AIDS education,
Medical Facilities Last Updated: 9/29/2005 10:03 AM
Since Tanzania legalized private medical practice, clinics and
small hospitals have mushroomed in Dar es Salaam and other towns.
However, the quality of care is often questionable. Muhimbili
Medical Centre, the public referral hospital, is the main source of
specialist medical care for the general population, and has many
well-trained physicians working under severe constraints due to
Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute, has private rooms and some good
surgeons for more individualized care.
The Aga Khan Hospital has a small Acute Care ward and good X-ray
and sonogram facilities. It also has good private rooms.
Mission employees are advised to have a dental exam before they
arrive at post, but in case of need, the Medical Unit at the Embassy
can recommend dental clinics for basic care. Optical services are
also available at several locations.
The Embassy has a well-equipped Medical Unit for use by Mission
members. It is designed to provide emergency treatment for most
situations. The Medical Unit can provide most services normally
found in the office of a small family practitioner in the U.S. It
has a small pharmacy, a well-equipped laboratory, and a
one-hospital-bed unit that can be used in an emergency. It is
staffed by a full-time U.K-trained Tanzanian physician. Additional
staff include: a U.K-trained Registered Nurse, a part-time U.S-certified
Registered Nurse, and a Laboratory Technician.
Persons who require surgery or who have medical problems that
cannot be handled in Dar es Salaam are medevaced to Nairobi,
Pretoria, London, or the U.S.
Employees are advised to bring prescriptions for ongoing medical
problems, as well as birth control supplies, over-the-counter
medication, lotions and sunscreen, extra eyeglasses, and sunglasses.
The post has no facilities for handicapped family members needing
Community Health Last Updated: 9/29/2005 10:03 AM
The level of sanitation in Tanzania requires special measures.
Tap water is not safe to drink until it is filtered and boiled or
otherwise disinfected. The streets in Dar es Salaam are piled with
garbage, due to irregular pickup. It is strongly recommended to
disinfect all fruits and vegetables before eating.
Mosquito and fly control measures are necessary. Residences are
equipped with screens on the windows and mosquito nets for each
A number of diseases now rare in the United States are endemic to
Tanzania. These include bacterial meningitis, cholera, rabies,
plague, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and a variety of parasitic
Preventive Measures Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:36 AM
Simple precautions will offer more than adequate protection from
any of the common medical problems. Don't eat or drink anything
unless you know that it has been properly cleaned and disinfected.
Don't go near animals unless you are certain that they are not
infected with rabies or other transmittable animal-borne diseases.
Make sure all your recommended vaccinations and inoculations are up
Chloroquine-resistant malaria is endemic to Tanzania. Several
measures are recommended to limit mosquito bites. Sleep under
mosquito nets, use mosquito repellent, wear protective clothing, and
ensure that the windows are adequately screened. Use recommended
insecticides to kill the mosquitoes inside the house.
Antimalarial medication is provided for members of the Mission.
The current recommendations are:
(1) Mefloquine weekly;
(2) Doxycycline 100mg daily; or
(3) Malarone daily.
Mefloquine has now been approved for use during pregnancy and for
infants and children. Side effects can include gastrointestinal
upset, dizziness, headache and, rarely, psychotic episodes. However,
certain people shouldn't take it:
Anyone taking beta-blockers or blood pressure medication; anyone
with cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heart beats) or conduction
abnormalities (heart block); or anyone with a history of epilepsy,
seizures or a significant psychiatric history.
Doxycycline is an alternative but can cause photosensitivity usually
manifested by exaggerated sunburn. Pregnant women or children below
the age of 8 years old cannot take it. It could cause vaginitis in
Malarone taken daily is an alternative to the other two medications
listed above. It should not be given to preganant women or women who
are breast feeding, or to infants weighing less than 11 kilograms.
It is also contraindicated for patients with severe renal
impairment. Malarone has very few side effects.
Whatever regime is used, the drug must be taken continuously and for
four weeks after departure with the exception of malarone which is
taken for a week after departure. Refills for the prophylaxis are
available by perscription from post.
The fluoride level in the city water is deficient and children
between 6 months and 16 years should take daily supplements. Tablets
and liquid are available at the Medical Unit.
Acquired Immunity Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a very serious
problem in Tanzania. A high percentage of the population are HIV
positive and the Government is now beginning to develop strategic
plans to deal with this escalating problem. It is well documented
that the virus can be acquired from the transmission of infected
body fluids from one individual to another by sexual contact,
contaminated blood or blood products, or dirty instruments.
With personal prevention, exposure to the virus can be avoided.
The Medical Unit maintains a Walking Blood Bank for emergency
transfusion when required. The Medical Unit staff will provide a
questionnaire for completion at the time of your orientation.
Employment for Spouses and Dependents Last Updated: 9/29/2005 10:04
Although employment opportunities in particular career fields are
quite limited, the Mission's policy is to seek employment
opportunities for all spouses who wish to work. Although the types
of jobs are limited, recent experience at post is that we have had
more jobs available than we have had adult dependents seeking them.
The AERA currently employs one full-time manager. Teachers can
sometimes find jobs at the International School or at a nursery
school, but they are usually not paid in hard currency unless a
contract can be negotiated outside the country before arrival. This
is very difficult to do. Nurses and other medically trained people
are frequently in demand but may not be paid in hard currency.
Tanzanian Government policy gives preference to its citizens for
most positions. No reciprocal work agreement exists between Tanzania
and the United States. Salaries are low and taxes are high. Everyone
must pay taxes on income earned on the local economy.
Every effort is made to find summer and holiday jobs for
dependent children 16 years and older.
Mission employment opportunities open to dependents are
advertised through HR and the CLO. Any dependents who think they may
be interested in working at post should send completed resumes to
the CLO and HR as the early as possible.
American Embassy - Dar Es Salaam
Post City Last Updated: 9/30/2005 0:52 AM
Dar es Salaam is the capital of Tanzania, and the seat of the
government. The name Dar es Salaam means "Haven of Peace". The city
is located on the Indian Ocean coast and occupies an area of 90
square kilometers. It is by some measure the largest city in
Tanzania, and has grown rapidly since independence in 1961, roughly
tripling its size. Almost all administrative, political and business
activity is concentrated in the city although some government bodies
and all of the parliamentary sittings are in Dodoma, 480 kilometers
to the west.
The city dates from 1857 and was successively under the control
of Zanzibar, Germany and Britain before self-determination, and
these influences have all left their mark. First impression of the
city on the journey in from the airport is of very shabby buildings
and a dilapidated infrastructure. There is a marked contrast between
the conditions of ordinary people (walking long distances, crowded
on buses and makeshift transport, living in ramshackle dwellings,
operating small businesses from temporary shelters) on the one hand,
and the bureaucratic, business and international community which
enjoys much higher standards. However, on closer acquaintance with
Dar es Salaam, visitors are invariably surprised by the wealth of
historical interest that has survived, appreciate the splendid
coastal location, warm to the friendliness and relaxed manner of the
inhabitants, and learn to seek out the special pleasures the city
has to offer, many of which are not always apparent to the casual
There is a saying in Dar es Salaam, "The city has sun, climate,
location -- everything, in fact, except luck."
Security Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:23 AM
The Regional Security Office is dedicated to make your tour in
Tanzania a safe one. While we all face the reality of crime and the
worldwide possibility of a terrorist incident, it is possible to
enjoy a normal life in Dar es Salaam.
The Department of State has designated Dar es Salaam as a critical
threat crime post.
Crime is an increasing concern in both urban and rural areas of
Tanzania. Incidents including muggings, vehicle thefts (including
car jacking, although these are rare) and residential break-ins.
Crime and hazardous road conditions make driving at night or in
remote areas dangerous.
Incidents of street crimes have been perpetrated by armed and
unarmed robbers, usually in parks and beaches or along footpaths and
roadways. Thieves on buses and trains prey on inattentive riders.
Employees should avoid wearing expensive jewelry and carrying large
amounts of cash while on the street. It is always advisable to
travel in groups both during the day and night. When traveling by
car, riders should keep the doors locked and windows rolled up.
Employees should be alert and maintain high security awareness at
All residences have alarm systems, security lights and 24-hour
guards on duty. Tests of the system are conducted regularly. Each
residence also is equipped with a signal for the guards so they may
open the gate for the approaching resident vehicle, reducing the
time the car must sit waiting.
Please note that importation of firearms into Tanzania and
licensing are difficult and time consuming. The Tanzanian Government
and the U.S. Mission strictly enforce regulations pertaining to
firearms. Holders of diplomatic passports can introduce weapons into
Tanzania provided they meet the criteria of post officials and
conform to Tanzanian standards and procedures. Employees wishing to
import firearms must route their requests through the Regional
Security Officer (RSO).
The Regional Security Office requires that all employees receive
a post-specific security briefing on arrival.
The Post and Its Administration Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:27 AM
The U.S. Mission to Tanzania includes the offices of the
Ambassador, DCM, political/economic/commercial section, public
affairs, consular, regional affairs, defense attache office,
regional security and administrative offices. The Mission is located
on a 21-acre compound at 686 Msasani, Kinondoni District; telephone
(255) 22-2668001, fax (255) 22-2668238.
The USAID building, co-located with the Chancery, consists of ten
Americans and seven contract officers. The USAID primary telephone
number is (255) 22-2668490.
Peace Corps is located at 36A Zambia Drive, Oyster Bay, telephone
(255) 22-2667372 or 2667365. Tanzania has over 120 volunteers.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is colocated
within a main office on the grounds of the National Institute for
Medical Research on Lithuli Road, telephone (255) 22-2121440, fax
The Embassy provides varying degrees of support to all agencies
through the ICASS system. Most American employees are paid out of
FSC Charleston. Office hours for the Mission are 7:30 am to 5:00
p.m., Monday through Thursday, 7:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m. Friday.
Housing Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:24 AM
The Housing Pool consists of a number of government-owned, as
well as short and long-term lease houses. The majority of the houses
are on the Msasani Peninsula, with a few other loose clusters of
homes in other neighborhoods. Most homes have small gardens. The
homes are maintained by the Facilities Maintenance staff, and a
recently implemented Preventative Maintenance schedule.
The homes are furnished, and provided with a range/stove,
refrigerator, microwave oven, water distiller, freezer, washer,
dryer, and vacuum. All homes have screened windows, several
air-conditioner units and a number of dehumidifiers. Bedrooms are
outfitted with mosquito bednets. The houses run on the 220V. Each
house is provided with 3 transformers.
Temporary Quarters Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:25 AM
Most staff move into permanent housing immediately upon arrival
at post. Occasionally, a new arrival may have to stay in a hotel for
a short period while his/her quarters are made ready. Post makes
every attempt to limit this time as much as possible.
Permanent Housing Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:25 AM
The U.S. Government owns a number of houses in Dar es Salaam,
including those of the Ambassador, DCM, and USAID Director.
Most housing is about 5 miles from downtown in or near the
suburbs of Oyster Bay and Msasani. The houses are an average of 10
minutes driving time from the Mission compound. Generally, houses
have between two-five bedrooms, a living room, dining room, large
kitchen, study/family room and several bathrooms. Some yards are
spacious, but gardening in Dar es Salaam is a challenge due to a
combination of heat and poor soil quality and quantity. The Mission
housing pool consists of single unit houses. The Mission operates a
single unified housing pool. All agencies at post participate. All
housing units for all agencies are furnished.
The Ambassador's residence has three large living rooms, a dining
room, study and patio, four bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths, and an
upstairs veranda facing the sea. The houses of the Ambassador, DCM,
and USAID Director have china, silver, and glassware.
Furnishings Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:39 AM
The U.S. Government supplies all basic furniture and appliances,
including tables, lamps, draperies, rugs, air-conditioners,
refrigerators, freezers, stoves, washers and dryers, vacuum
cleaners, water distillers and floor polishers for Mission
employees. Uniform State/USAID regulation 6 FAM 780 details
Bring knickknacks, books, pictures, scatter rugs, dishes,
glassware, flatware, kitchen utensils, linens, food storage
containers, and an ironing board and iron (220v). Bring all small
appliances such as toasters, mixers, bread makers, ice cream makers
with you. See the utilities section for more information on
electricity. Other useful items to bring are a sewing machine,
fabrics, patterns and notions, plastic clothes hangers, barbecue
grill, picnic equipment (cooler), snack trays, and all sporting,
beach and camping equipment. Personal items may suffer some from the
salt air and high humidity. Bring saddle soap for the care of
leather goods that can become mildewed rather easily in the hot
humid climate found in Dar es Salaam.
Local custom and readymade, new and used furniture is available,
although expensive and of varying quality. Zanzibar-style
intricately carved wooden furniture items are generally considered a
good value, but care must be taken to ensure that properly cured
wood is used.
Curtain and drapery materials are available, but are costly and
of inferior quality. Upholstery and slipcover work is good and
reasonably priced and in certain cases paid for by the USG.
Utilities and Equipment Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:26 AM
Electric current in Dar es Salaam is 220v, 50-cycle, 3-phase, AC.
Line voltage fluctuates widely and power outages occur frequently,
particularly during hours of peak usage. Power surges can cause
serious damage to electrical equipment and appliances. For sensitive
equipment such as computers, use a voltage regulator or
Uninterruptible Power Source (UPS). Post provides one (1) UPS per
residence. If additional UPS are desired, it is the responsibility
of the occupants. UPS are available locally for reasonable prices.
Government-furnished quarters have a supply of stepdown
transformers to operate American 120v appliances. If you own
transformers - bring them. Bring electric appliances such as
toasters, irons, coffee makers, hot trays, mixers, and blenders.
These items can run on transformers if they are 120v, 60-cycle; it
is worth noting that 220v, 50-cycle appliances work better and these
are available in the U.S. from a number of suppliers, though they
tend to be more expensive than 120v items. Many 220v items are
available locally, and are of varying quality. Electric appliances
with 60-cycle timing mechanisms (record turntables, tape recorders,
and videotape recorders) will not function correctly on local power
without adjustments or modifications. Although it is possible to
have such modifications done locally, you may want to have them done
before shipping to post. If you have a computer, bring a UPS to
avoid loss of data in the event of a power outage. An UPS wopuld be
useful to have for your television, as well.
All Government-provided houses have phones and all American
residences are also equipped with VHF radios and base/charger units.
Food Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:28 AM
Prices are high due to transport costs. If you are authorized a
consumables allowance, plan to use it fully during your tour. If
possible, you may want to wait until after your arrival to make your
consumables order. This would allow you to see what is avialable
locally, and tailor your order to include only what you cannot find
or is overly expensive. Another option might be to do a portion of
the order prior to your arrival and then do the rest of the order
after you have arrived and had the chance to see what is and is not
available locally. The Community Liaison Office has a list of
suggested consumables available.
A selection of fresh fruits and vegetables are available
seasonally. Green beans, tomatoes, cauliflower, carrots, eggplant,
onions, potatoes, and garlic are of fair-to-good quality and
available most of the year. Tropical fruits such as coconuts,
pineapples, papayas, bananas, limes, avocados, watermelons and
mangoes are plentiful, but seasonal. You can find apples and oranges
The quality of local fresh meat varies; however, it is adequate
for most needs. Beef, pork, lamb, chicken, and eggs are available.
Shrimp, lobster, crab and fish are excellent, plentiful, and not
As of February 2005, the amount of items imported from South
Africa is growing monthly. The problem is that an item may be
imported one week, but then not the next. The supply is very
sporadic and not necessarily reliable. So there may be times when
you must use substitutions in your recipes.
Clothing Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:28 AM
Tanzanian customs, combined with the climate, make Dar es Salaam
an informal post. Tropical clothing is worn all year round. Bring
underwear, bathing suits, and shoes for the whole family. Local
shoes are of poor quality, and sizes and widths differ from the U.S.
Bring a supply of warm clothing for trips upcountry during the dry
season and to Europe or the U.S. for R&R. Because a 2- or 3-year
supply of clothing and shoes is difficult to plan, many people order
by catalog from the U.S. The CLO maintains a catalog collection for
this purpose. Ordering on the Internet is also a viable option.
Drycleaning facilities are available, but not always up to U.S.
standards. Dry cleaning is not overly expensive; washable fabrics
are recommended, if at all possible.
Men Last Updated: 9/29/2005 8:48 AM
Men wear short-sleeved shirts to the office and to most evening
gatherings. Other than at the annual Marine Ball, men seldom wear
dinner jackets or other formal wear. Sports clothes are similar to
those worn in the warmer regions of the U.S. Most social functions
are informal; business suits are now often worn to diplomatic
functions, but a shirt and tie are almost always acceptable.
Women Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:29 AM
Women need washable trousers, tops, and/or skirts, and dresses
for daytime wear both in and out of the office. Informal long or
short dresses or skirts are common for most evening occasions;
caftans or evening dresses are worn to receptions and more formal
dinners. A lightweight sweater or shawl is useful for evenings in
the cooler season. Pantyhose or stockings are seldom worn.
Miniskirts and low-cut blouses or dresses should not be worn to the
office or city center, as it is offensive in a Muslim culture.
Sundresses, jeans, modest shorts, and T-shirts are acceptable for
Children Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:29 AM
Please see the school section for school uniforms. Bring
comfortable summer-weight clothes and sneakers or sandals. Sun hats
and surf tops are useful for trips to the beach. Bring beach toys
and gear for all ages as it is not available locally.
Office Attire Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:42 AM
Office attire consists of summer dresses, skirts and slacks for
women, and slacks, polos or short-sleeve button-up shirts and slacks
for men. Due to the heat and humidity outside, the air-conditioner
is fully-utilized in offices, so some employees prefer to wear a
cardigan or light sweater while at work.
Supplies and Services Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:43 AM
Supplies such as housewares and electronics are becoming more and
more available. Unfortunately, the majority of the products are
shipped-in (mainly from South Africa, the Middle East, and Europe),
and the prices attached can be a bit higher than the U.S. Still, it
is nice to see a better selection of products on the store shelves.
Generally, the 220 v appliances function well; they do often have to
be modified with a new plug to be used in the outlets here. This is
an easy procedure that any novice handy person can do with simple
Cleaning supplies are mostly brands from South Africa and the
Middle East. They work fine, but again somewhat higher in price than
Generally, the best advice is if you have a prefered brand or
style of a product, it is best bring it with you.
Supplies Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:43 AM
Bring all entertainment and holiday accessories, including an
artificial Christmas tree and ornaments. Fresh Christmas trees are
available just a few days before Christmas, but generally are not
satisfactory, having scrawny branches and tending to dry out in a
matter of days.
U.S.-brand toys are not usually available. The prices,
availability, and quality of toys imported from Asia and Europe vary
widely, and generally are overpriced and poorly made.
Bring records, tapes, CDs, DVDs, film, and, if you sew, fabric
and all notions. Fabrics are available locally, but quality and
prices vary; some are quite beautiful, but can be very expensive. A
tool kit is handy (hammer, screwdriver, drill, screws, nails).
Artists should bring canvases, paints, and other art supplies. If
you have a hobby, plan to bring whatever you need with you to post.
Additional supplies can be purchased via the Internet.
Bring a generous supply of books for the entire family and
subscribe to your favorite magazines.
Bring a supply of heartworm prophylaxis for cats and dogs and
flea and tick control. If you have a preferred brand of pet food,
bring a good supply. If you keep it in a cold storage room, it
should last about one year. The local vet does have a supply of
heartworm and flea/tick prophylaxis, but occasionally his supply
Bring spare parts for your car. Spare tires are available, but
expensive and of poor quality.
The beach is easily accessible but beach toys and parephenalia is
not. Be sure to bring your gear with you. Snorkeling, scuba, water
toys, sand toys, etc are all useful.
Basic Services Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:44 AM
Tailoring services are available, but workmanship is fair.
Dry cleaning is available, and not overly-expensive, but the
service quality may vary. Washable farbics are recommended.
Film developing for prints is available, with good quality, but
it is expensive.
Basic repairs for appliances and electronic equipment are
available if parts are available. Reasonable basic TV and video
repair and maintenance services are available.
Mechanical services are readily available, but can vary widely.
Most Toyota, Nissan, and Range Rover vehicles have parts available;
owners of U.S. models may find it difficult to find knowledgeable
mechanics and/or necessary parts.
There is an excellent local framing shop with good prices.
Domestic Help Last Updated: 9/29/2005 8:56 AM
Most expatriate families in Dar es Salaam employ domestic help
according to the size of the household and family need. An average
wage, paid in shillings of $100 per month prevails. Household
employees work according to guidelines set forth by the Tanzanian
Government. The Tanzanian Government requires all employers to carry
workers' compensation policies for their staffs. This policy is
inexpensive and obtained locally. Domestics are hired on a trial
basis for a period of 3 months; after that they become permanent and
receive separation pay if dismissed or when the employer departs
post. Training and guidance are necessary.
Domestic workers include cooks, general and laundry domestics,
kitchen helpers, nursemaids, and gardeners. Many domestics do more
than one job. A single employee may hire one or two persons,
depending on the size of the residence, to do everything except
gardening. Many families hire a cook-steward; an assistant who
cleans, irons, and does other chores; and a gardener. Families with
young children often hire an "ayah" (nursemaid). Staff members
receive overtime pay in the evening for helping at parties or
babysitting. Many houses have staff quarters, though frequently
domestics are reluctant to live in because of the difficulty of
finding alternative housing when their employment is terminated.
The Mission currently contracts a local guard program that
provides 24-hour security guards to all residences.
Religious Activities Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:45 AM
Christian denominations in Dar es Salaam include Assemblies of
God, Pentecostal, Roman Catholic, Anglican, Presbyterian, Greek
Orthodox, Lutheran, Baptist, Seventh-day Adventist, Church of
Latter-day Saints and Mennonite. Assemblies of God, Pentecostal,
Anglican, Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Church of Latter-Day
Saints and Lutheran have Sunday morning services in English. There
is no resident Greek Orthodox priest. Dar es Salaam has several
Mosques and Hindu Temples, but no Synagogues.
The Community Liaison Office has an up-to-date list of current
times for services in English.
Education Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:45 AM
Check the sub files for more details on education.
Dependent Education Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:02 AM
Most Mission families utilize eductational facilities in Dar es
Salaam. The International School of Tanganyka is the most popular
school of choice. IST has students from pre-K to IB 2 (the
equivalent of grade 12). Placement into University from IST has been
very good. IST has a web site with further information (www.istafrica.com).
A few families have opted for sending their children to boarding
schools overseas or in the United States.
At Post Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:13 AM
Most Mission children attend the International School of Tanganyika
in Dar es Salaam. Two units, located on separate campuses, comprise
the school: Lower School (grades 1 to 5), and Upper School (K1-Grade
5). Note: The USG will only pay for one year of kindergarten.
Grades 9 to 10 are now the International Baccalaureate Middle
Years Program (IBMYP), which is considered academically rigorous.
The IBMYP program is proving popular, and many students are deciding
to work on this course of study. The school has now brought its
program into conformity with international standards, and the
educational program is a standard 12-year program.
Children must have reached the age of 3 or 4 by 1 September to
enter pre-K, 5 by September 1 to enter kindergarten, and age 6 by
September 1 to enter first grade. The school is very rigid in this
regard; no exceptions are made.
Children of 55 nationalities make up an enrollment of 864; about
30 are American. Classes are taught in English, but many students
are learning English as a second language. The curriculum is a
mixture of British and American curriculae with the British
influence stronger at the upper level. Some curricular modifications
are made to accommodate the needs of an international student body,
e.g., the English-as-a-Second-Language program. The Upper School
offers French-language classes.
The school year, approximately August 15 through the first week
of July, is divided into three terms with a 3-week vacation at
Christmas and two-week breaks in October and at Easter. The Lower
and Middle School begin at 7:10 a.m. and end at 1:00 p.m.,
Monday-Friday. The Upper School begins at 7:10 a.m. and ends at 1:10
p.m., Monday-Friday. Upper-level students in the Upper School also
attend afternoon classes twice a week.
The school's policy is to provide space for the children of all
expatriates assigned to Tanzania, but spaces fill quickly and are
not guaranteed. As soon as you are assigned to Dar es Salaam,
contact the school for registration procedures. Contact the CLO for
more information, or visit the school's website on the Internet,
An application fee (about $500) and a deposit of $500 per family
are required when you arrive. The application fee is not
reimbursable. In case of withdrawal during the year, fees for the
term in which the child is withdrawn are not refundable. Fees for
the remaining full term(s) will be refunded, however, provided that
notice of withdrawal is received before the new term begins.
Entering students are assessed a capital levy fee of $3,000 for the
first child, $2,5000 for the second, and $2,500 for third and
subsequent children in the family. Tuition fees per annum are
Pre-School -- $6,785 Kindergarten 1 -- $8,711 Kindergarten 2 --
$8,711 Grades 1 to 5 -- $9,567 Grade 6 to 7 -- $11,386 Grade 8 --
$11,386 Grade 9 -- $12,386 Grade 10 -- $12,421 International
Baccalaureate I (IB1)-- $15,830 International Baccalaureate II (IB2)
The fees stated here are for the 2004/2005 academic year and can
be expected to be subject to moderate increases in subsequent years.
Students must wear uniforms to school. Both boys and girls wear
navy shorts (or skirts) with white, short sleeve polo shirts or with
T-shirts on PE days. Both boys and girls wear navy blue shorts and
plain white T-shirts for physical education classes twice a week.
Either obtain your uniforms before coming to post, or bring fabric
with you to have the uniforms made locally. Some readymade uniforms
are available, but they are expensive and children may be reluctant
to wear them once they see the range of clothing worn to school.
Bathing suits are required for swimming lessons.
Both Lower and Upper have their own large playing fields and
swimming pool with instruction once a week. Afternoon programs for
the children include instruction in art, drama, music, and sports,
but enrollment is limited.
A school bus service for Mission children is operated by the AERA.
Dar es Salaam also has a French school with supervised
correspondence instruction in French, and a Swedish elementary
school with instruction in Swedish.
Several nursery schools are run independently by expatriates for
3- and 4-year olds. The school year follows the International
School, and current tuition is approximately $1,000 per term.
Away From Post Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:46 AM
The Departement of State offers an adequate allowance for children
in grades 7 to 12 to attend boarding schools away from post. Some
families take advantage of these allowances and send their high
school-aged children to schools in the U.S. and Europe. CLO
maintains a file on frequently utilized boarding schools.
Special Needs Education Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:46 AM
The International School of Tanganyika (IST) located in Dar es
Salaam does not have established programs for handicapped children,
but they can take children in the Lower and Middle Schools with
slight learning disabilities. The needs of each child are taken into
account, and evaluated on a case by case basis.
Higher Education Opportunities Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:46 AM
The Alliance Francaise provides French lessons.
The Mission runs an active Kiswahili-language program with a
full-time language instructor. Lessons are available during the
weekdays. Post also offers a Kiswahili Immersion Course, which is a
4-day course, and includes language lessons, with cultural and
historical segments. The course is currently held in Zanzibar.
Some departments at the University of Dar es Salaam conduct
seminars in English that are open to the public. Under exceptional
circumstances, foreigners can enroll in certain subjects at the
Recreation and Social Life Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:06 AM
Tanzania offers a wide variety of options for recreation. Hash
House Harriers has runs twice a week. There is a community theatre
for the thespians. Also at the Little theatre they often have quiz
nights, fiesta nights, movies, etc.... Since October 2003, Dar es
Salaam has a three screen movie theatre that shows mostly first run
movies and "Bollywood" hits from India.
The Indian Ocean provides a virtual playground for the water
sport enthusiast. Many of the local islands are abundant with sea
life for snorkeling or diving. The Dar es Salaam Yacht club has a
nice beach and has many different fleets of sailboats, motorboats,
windsurfers and kayaks. Nearby there are beaches for exploring or
just to relax under the thatched roof of the banda.
The Night Life does not really get going until 9:00p.m. There are
a few discos and clubs available. Casinos are another option, there
are several in Dar es Salaam. More and more good restraunts are
opening with a wide variety of ethnic choice at quite reasonable
People may have to use a little creativity to stay busy, but with
a little compromise, one can certainly enjoy an entertaining tour
here. Please see the sub files for further details.
Sports Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:17 AM
Tanzania is one of the world's principal "big game" countries.
The Tanzanian Wildlife Corporation enforces strict control of
hunting. Hunting licenses for select game such as impala, warthog,
and buffalo are granted to residents from July 1 to December 30 (see
Firearms and Ammunition).
Several beaches offer year-round swimming, scuba diving, and
snorkeling. Sailing, fishing, and shelling are also favorite
pastimes. You can keep both sail and powerboats at the Yacht Club.
Boats are often available for purchase from people leaving the area.
Contact the General Services Office for information governing any
import restrictions on boats.
Resort hotels offer scuba diving "discovery dives," certification
courses and leisure dives. The courses and dives are very reasonably
The Gymkhana Sports Club has tennis courts and an 18-hole golf
course of fair quality with black sand "greens." Lessons in tennis
and golf are offered. Squash courts are maintained. The club
sponsors cricket, soccer, hockey, and rugby teams.
Membership in the Gymkhana Club can take some time to acquire. It
is based on a British membership system that requires that
prospective members be sponsored and seconded by current members.
Americans frequently find this tedious, but it can be an
entertaining experience if approached in the right spirit. The Yacht
Club also has a sponsorship memebership, but grants new members
access almost immediatley as prospective members. Both of these
clubs have members from a variety of cultures, races, and ethnic
groups, and each provides multiple opportunities for socializing
outside the official American community.
The International School pool is open to school families. The
Embassy has a slow pitch softball team that plays on the school
The AERA has a recreation center with a restaurant, pool, and
tennis court. Monthly dues are currently $50 for families, $40 for
couples, and $30 for singles. The restaurant provides excellent
value for the money and a pleasant atmosphere, and offers CNN and
other TV channels through a satellite dish.
The amateur mountain climber can try to climb Mount Kilimanjaro.
It is an extremely long, but nontechnical hike. Tanzanian law
requires that experienced guides take climbing parties up the
mountain. Children under age 12 are not allowed to climb. You do not
need special equipment, but warm clothing and comfortable climbing
shoes are necessary. Almost everything that is needed can be rented
from nearby hotels.
Bring to post all sports equipment, including tennis racquets and
balls; golf clubs and balls; snorkels and masks; softballs, bats,
and gloves; beach and scuba diving gear. Mountain bikes are good for
cycling; roads may be too potted for road bikes. If you are a cycler,
be sure to bring spare tubes, patch kits, and any other parts you
might need with you as they are not available locally.
Touring and Outdoor Activities Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:47 AM
Tanzania's many game parks offer opportunities for vacations away
from the city. You can visit several of these parks by car, but road
conditions make a four-wheel drive vehicle preferable and, in many
cases, necessary. Rental vehicles are sometimes available from the
AERA, and charter aircraft are available locally, but are very
You can drive from Dar es Salaam to Mikumi National Park in 3-4
hours. Arusha, near the northern game parks and Mt Kilimanjaro, is
an 8-10 hour drive. Accommodations range from adequate to good, but
not luxurious. If you plan to go on safaris, tent camping offers a
unique dimension to the experience as well as greater economy. All
major wildlife parks have camping facilities. If you are an avid
camper and have camping equipment, bring it.
Air service operates between Dar es Salaam and Nairobi. Zanzibar
is 20 minutes by plane and about 2 hours by ferry. The price of each
method of travel is comparable.
Entertainment Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:08 AM
Since October 2003 Dar es Salaam has a three screen theater.
Usually they show first run movies at very affordable prices. The
Slipway also shows fairly recent movies each week.
The Dar es Salaam Musical Society is open to anyone who plays an
instrument or sings. The Dar es Salaam Players, an amateur group, is
open to prospective thespians. They stage three or four plays a
year. Members of the diplomatic corps occasionally show videotapes
in their homes, and sometimes foreign governments sponsor concerts
by artisans from their countries.
A number of restaurants offer European, Chinese, Indian,
Japanese, Italian, and Ethiopian food. Dining out can be pleasant,
so long as one chooses foods that are not subject to quick spoilage
(generally, be careful of shellfish in restaurants). Just recently
(since September 2003) a few new restaurants have opened and that
are comparable to western standards. The service at some Tanzanian
restaurants is a source of entertainment all its own, and can be
Social Activities Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:48 AM
There are several groups in Dar es Salaam that cater to the
non-working spouse. One of them is the Corona Society that has
monthly coffees. The other is the Diplomatic Spouses Group that also
meets every month. Both of these groups offer other social and
recreational activities for its members. Both groups are also
involved in charitable activities.
There are also numerous volunteer opportunities within the Dar es
Among Americans Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:48 AM
Social contact among Americans is mostly at informal cocktail
parties, dinners, and buffet suppers at homes. Daytime coffees,
teas, and bridge parties are held occasionally. Special interest
groups meet on a regular basis.
International Contacts Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:49 AM
A great way to make acquaintances is to have small dinner parties
and/or buffets held at home. Dress is usually prescribed by the
invitation, but is usually casual. At functions you will have an
opportunity to meet Tanzanians and citizens of other countries
represented in Tanzania. The Diplomatic Spouses Group sponsors
social activities for individuals on the diplomatic list below the
rank of Ambassador. The Diplomatic Spouses Group and an
International Women's Group, the Corona Society, each hold monthly
meetings. A number of charitable and social organizations such as
Rotary, Lions, the Corona Society, the Caledonian, St. Patrick, and
St. George Societies welcome members. Expatriates in Tanzania find
limited opportunities for community activities with the
International School, churches, hospitals, and orphanages.
Official Functions Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:50 AM
The Ambassador, DCM, USAID Director, and Senior Officers attend
several official, semiofficial, or diplomatic government functions
Nature of Functions Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:58 AM
Except for the Ambassador and DCM, no strict protocol rules
govern calls when officers arrive at post. They can call on their
counterparts in other missions and in the Government of Tanzania.
They will meet members of other missions at social gatherings soon
after they arrive.
The Ambassador, DCM, USAID Director, and Senior Officers attend
several official, semiofficial, or diplomatic government functions
weekly. Dress is a safari suit or coat and tie for men, and cocktail
dresses for women.
Diplomats must give the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 14 days
notice before traveling on official business from Dar es Salaam when
appointments are requested with government or party officials.
Certain areas are classified as security areas and are out-of-bounds
to all visitors without special authorization.
Standards of Social Conduct Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:45 AM
Most officers make a few formal calls and many business calls to
conduct the Mission's business. Business card stock is available
from GSO and business cards can be printed from any laser printer.
Special Information Last Updated: 9/29/2005 9:11 AM
Write to the Community Liaison Office (firstname.lastname@example.org), the
Management Counselor or the USAID Executive Officer for information
on specific problems. The Overseas Briefing Center has current
copies of various pieces of post information, slides CD-ROM about
Dar es Salaam.
Post Orientation Program
The Community Liaison Office Coordinator corresponds with all
personnel before their arrival at post, providing additional and
more up-to-date information about Dar es Salaam than that contained
in the Post Report. Personnel are encouraged to raise any questions
with the CLO as long before arrival as possible. New arrivals are
met by representatives of their agencies and are assigned both
office and community sponsors to assist them in settling in and
learning their way around. Because the post is small, newcomers
receive individual briefings. Group orientations are conducted once
The Mission supplies a Hospitality Kit that includes kitchen
utensils, dishes, flatware, sheets and towels, and other essential
items until arrival of airfreight.
Notes For Travelers
Getting to the Post Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:20 AM
Most personnel travel to Dar es Salaam from Washington, D.C., via
Europe. In-coming international flights are available most days of
the week. Currently, the European transfer points are Amsterdam,
Zurich and London; there is also a connection to a Delta flight via
South Africa. Those traveling to post with pets should consider KLM
through Amsterdam, as this is the most pet-friendly option. Over-nighting
in South Africa and the United Kingdom (as is required with some
flight connections) present quarantine difficulties when traveling
Dar es Salaam is an Air Designated Post. HHE, UAB, and Consumable
shipments arrive at post by air. European Logistical Support Office
(ELSO) in Antwerp, Belgium, has been designated the control office
for shipments to, from, and between selected posts in Europe, the
Middle East, Africa, and Asia. HHE shipments originating in the U.S.
are consolidated with other shipments and sent (by sea) to ELSO,
where it is separated and then shipped by air to Dar. Full
transshipment services for export packed HHE, including temporary
storage as applicable, are available through ELSO and U.S. contract
freight forwarders in Antwerp, Belgium, and Bremen, Germany. HHE
originating from overseas locations can be shipped directly to Dar
by air, on cost construct basis. Transportation offices of all
foreign affairs agencies in Washington, D.C., are familiar with
these arrangements and should be contacted for advice.
Effects packed properly for overseas shipment by professional
packers usually reach post in good condition. Pack all shipments in
sturdy wooden or steel, waterproof containers.
Telegraphic notice of shipments en route is necessary for
clearance purposes. To facilitate customs clearance on HHE, the
owner's passport, packing list, and form PRO-6 (available from the
Embassy) signed by the owner or Embassy representative, together
with the original airway bill must be provided to the customs
authorities. Mark packing cases or boxes:
Dar es Salaam
Due to the high incidence of vehicles damaged in transit or
vandalized in customs, containerization is authorized for all
vehicles shipped to Dar es Salaam. Cars arrive in Dar es Salaam by
sea, and packing cases should be marked as indicated above. Allow as
much lead-time as possible for shipment of HHE and cars as delays
are frequent and lengthy.
Send the following information to the post before a vehicle
arrives in Dar es Salaam: engine and chassis number, number of
cylinders, displacement in cubic centimeters, make, model, and year.
It is important that marks and numbers on bills of lading be
identical to those on cases or vans. Any change on marks and numbers
will delay clearance of your car in the port.
Packers and movers in Dar es Salaam do satisfactory work.
Shipping lines sail directly to and from Europe, including the
Mediterranean, the East and Gulf coasts of North America, and East
Asia. Sailings to the west coast of Africa are infrequent and often
involve transshipment in Europe.
Customs, Duties, and Passage
Customs and Duties Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:00 AM
Diplomatic-list American employees have duty-free entry
privileges for HHE, including cars, for their entire tour.
Administrative and Technical staff have duty-free entry privileges
within the first 12 months of arrival. Included in duty-free
privileges are materials ordered from the U.S. and Europe sent by
air or surface mail. USAID contractors should consult their
employers for information on import privileges.
Employees must pay automobile registration and licensing fees for
POVs which comes to about $82.00/year.
Upon departure, post permission is required to sell POVs. To sell
a personal car, one must submit a letter to the Foreign Ministry and
receive a response letter indicating to go ahead with the sale. When
the sale is approved, registration and transfer of title is then
done--free of charge. Of course, non-duty-free buyers must also pay
customs and duty on vehicles.
Passage Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:00 AM
Visas are required to enter Tanzania. After arrival, resident and
reentry permits, renewable yearly, are required. Personnel passing
through Washington, D.C., should obtain visas at the Tanzanian
Embassy. Visas can sometimes be obtained at the airport, but often
with difficulty. All assigned personnel must bring 12 or more
passport sized photographs of each family member for resident visas,
drivers licenses, ID cards, and visas for travel elsewhere in the
Pets Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:01 AM
You must have an import permit to bring a pet into Tanzania.
Inform your administrative or executive officer who will obtain it
from the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Animal Industry
Subdivision. Please initiate this action far in advance since the
procedures are time-consuming. For cats and dogs, include the
description, gender, age, and breed of the pet and expected date of
arrival. For both cats and dogs, include a certificate that the
animal has been vaccinated against rabies at least 30 days and not
more than 1 year before entry into Tanzania. No dogs or cats younger
than 7 months old will be allowed into Tanzania without proper
documentation. The veterinarian will complete the entry permit and
return it to the Embassy for forwarding to the owner. The permit,
along with a health certificate from a licensed veterinarian issued
within 7 days of departure for Tanzania, should be attached to the
pet's shipping crate. Keep copies of these documents to facilitate
their export from Tanzania.
Once the pet is in Tanzania, you should note that a yearly rabies
vaccine is required by law. This applies whether or not the pet has
had a three-year shot (like those given in the U.S.), and/or doesn't
need a booster. All shots, especially parvo, must be up to date.
Bring all medications for your pets with you. It is possible to
obtain a 3-month heartworm shot in lieu of monthly medication if you
prefer. A local vet is available in Dar.
Firearms and Ammunition Last Updated: 9/30/2005 1:21 AM
Importation of firearms into Tanzania and licensing are difficult
and time-consuming. The Tanzanian Government and the U.S. Mission
strictly enforce regulations pertaining to firearms.
Holders of diplomatic passports can introduce weapons into
Tanzania provided they meet the criteria of post officials and
conform to Tanzanian standards and procedures. To bring firearms,
the Ambassador must grant prior approval. Route requests through the
Regional Security Officer (RSO) giving serial number, model, caliber
and quantities of ammunition. Once the Ambassador has given
approval, the weapons are allowed to be brought to Post. Procedures
are long and involved, and it may require a minimum of three months
to process and obtain proper licenses. The Government of Tanzania
requires that the importer provide proof of ownership of the firearm
(such as a bill of sale from a store or proof of registration at
another location) prior to issuing a license.
The Ambassador must endorse the application for license, and a
diplomatic note is sent to the Foreign Ministry for forwarding to
the Ministry for Home Affairs. The latter Ministry decides on the
application. If it is approved, the firearms can then be licensed.
If the application is not approved and the firearms have arrived in
Tanzania, they will be retained in a customs warehouse until the
owner's departure or until instructions are issued to ship the
firearms out of the country. In accordance with Tanzanian law,
Mission employees are only authorized to import one handgun (pistol
or revolver), one small caliber rifle (less than .375 caliber), one
large caliber rifle (.375 or larger), and two shotguns of different
bore per adult family member.
The licensing fee for non-diplomatic U.S. Government personnel is
Tshs 5,000 (+/-$7) for a rifle and/or shotgun. Diplomatic licenses
are free. Firearm licenses must be renewed each year. There may be a
$150.00 fee for clearing weapons from customs.
Firearms may be exported only after obtaining a valid export
license from the Government of Tanzania. Ammunition can only be
purchased with an Ammunition Permit issued by the Arms Licensing
Officer, Central Police Station.
The Mission Firearms Policy prohibits any weapons brought into
Tanzania by embassy personnel from being sold. All weapons must be
shipped out of Tanzania at the end of the officer's tour.
Regulations for control of firearms are severe. Heavy fines are
imposed for not safely storing firearms against theft; not removing
the bolt or action while in safe storage; and/or storing ammunition
together with firearms. No one under age 18 may possess firearms.
Weapons cannot be borrowed, because Tanzanian law prohibits
temporary transfer of firearms.
If you intend to import firearms and/or ammunition, write to the
Embassy RSO to obtain the necessary application forms and latest
information. Regulations are subject to change.
Currency, Banking, and Weights and Measures Last Updated: 9/30/2005
The Tanzanian shilling, divided into 100 cents, is the basic
local currency. The currency is convertible. The official rate of
exchange changes slightly from time to time. At the time of this
report (September 2005), Tshs. 1133 = 1 US dollar. Coins in current
use are in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 100 and 200 shillings.
Bill denominations are in 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5,000 and 10,000
Tanzania uses the metric system of weights and measures.
Taxes, Exchange, and Sale of Property Last Updated: 9/30/2005
No limit is placed on the amount of dollars, other foreign
currency, or travelers checks that you can bring into the country.
You can convert foreign currency to shillings only at authorized
points (banks, financial institutions, and exchange bureaus) or at
the Embassy cashier. Strict currency control regulations govern
conversion of shillings into foreign currencies.
You cannot sell goods imported duty free to those without
duty-free privileges unless the purchaser pays the duty. Mission
policy concerning sale or transfer of personal property requires
that each transaction be approved in advance by the Embassy
Management Counselor. The Mission imposes no special restrictions on
U.S. Government dependents who are employed on the local economy
must pay Tanzanian and U.S. taxes on wages earned. Mission members
can receive rebates of the 20% VAT imposed on certain items--if they
keep receipts and have the patience to file and wait for the
Banking laws of Tanzania were changed in the early 90s and now
both private and foreign banking facilities are available in
Tanzania. There are 28 private banks and financial institutions in
Tanzania. Citibank Tanzania Ltd. is the one American bank operating
in the country. These banks provide a range of national and
international banking services including the sale of U.S. and
foreign travelers checks. The U.S. Disbursing Officer in Charleston,
South Carolina maintains a shilling checking account at Citibank
Tanzania Ltd. in Dar es Salaam. The bank will accept employee's
personal dollar checks but charges a one percent commission to cash
into dollars. Citibank provides a teller window in the embassy for
personnel to cash their personal checks. Travelers checks are not
recommended. They are very difficult to cash outside of the embassy.
A commission is charged to purchase travelers checks and to cash
travelers checks into foreign currency.
All Embassy American personnel are paid by check from the
Consolidated American Personnel Payroll System, through FSC,
Charleston, SC. It is mandatory to have your paycheck sent directly
to your bank in the U.S. rather than to the post.
Recommended Reading Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:03 AM
These titles are provided as a general indication of the material
published on this country and region. The State Department does not
endorse unofficial publications.
Geography and Travel
Finke, Jens. Rough Guide to Tanzania
Lonely Planet Travel Guide. Tanzania
Ridgeway, Rick. The shadow of Kilimanjaro
Ross, Mark. Dangerous beauty: Life and death in Africa, True stories
from a safari guide
Salkeld, Audrey. Kilimanjaro: To the roof of Africa
The Sierra Club. Adventuring in East Africa: The Sierra Club Travel
Guide to the great safaris
Ward, Clive. Snowcaps on the equator
Wolfe, Art. Africa
Askew, K.M. Performing the Nation: Swahili music and cultural
politics in Tanzania
Caplan, P. African voices, African lives: Personal narratives from a
Coskran, K., Truesdale, C., and Davis, A. Tanzania on Tuesdays:
Writing by American women abroad
Richmond, Yale and Gestrin, Phyllis. Into Africa: Intercultural
Rwebangira, M. K. Haraka, haraka ... Look before you leap: Youth at
the crossroads of custom and modernity
Saitoti, Tepilit Ole. The worlds of a Maasai warrior: An
Government and Politics
Ayittey, George. Africa in chaos
Baylies, Carolyn and Bujra, Janet. AIDS, sexuality, and gender in
Africa: The struggle continues
Forster, P. and Maghimbi, S. Agrarian economy, state, and society in
Lancaster, Carol. Aid to Africa
Havnevik, K. Tanzania: The limits to development from above
Jane Goodall Institute. Jane Goodall: 40 years at Gombe: A tribute
to four decades of wildlife research, education, and conservation
Mbelle, A. and Kilindo, A. Nyerere legacy and economic policy making
McHenry, Jr., Dean. Limited choices: The political struggle for
socialism in Tanzania
Setel, Philip. A plague of paradoxes: AIDS, culture and demography
in northern Tanzania
Tripp, Aili Mari. Changing the rules: The politics of liberalization
and urban informal economy in Tanzania
World Bank. Tanzania at the turn of the century: From reform to
sustained growth and poverty reduction
Babu. Memoirs of a "Whenwe...": Colonial experiences in Tanganyika
Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. African women: A modern history
Feierman, S. Peasant intellectuals: Anthropology and history in
Iliffe, John. A modern history of Tanganyika
Maddox, G. Custodians of the land: Ecology and culture in the
history of Tanzania
Maxon, Robert. East Africa: An introductory history
Reader, John. Africa: A biography of a continent
Szirmai, Adam and Lapperre, Paul. The industrial experience of
Widner, Jennifer. Building the rule of law: Francis Nyalali and the
road to judicial independence in Africa
Murphy, P. Tanzania (Bridgestone Books)
Ferguson, Amanda. The attack against the U.S. Embassies in Kenya and
Harden, Blaine. Dispatches from a fragile country
Stevens, Stuart. Malaria Dreams: An African Adventure
Lonely Planet Travel Guide. Zanzibar and Pemba
Petterson, D. Revolution in Zanzibar: An American's Cold War tale
Sheriff, Abdul. History and conservation of Zanzibar Stone Town
Local Holidays Last Updated: 9/30/2005 2:49 AM
Zanzibar Revolution Day January 12
Good Friday varies
Easter Monday varies
Union Day April 26
International Workers' Day May 1
Saba Saba Day July 7
Peasants Day August 8
Mwalimu Nyerere Day October 14
Independence Day Dec. 9
Boxing Day Dec 26
Maulid Day *varies
*Date varies according to the lunar calendar.